BIG LIST OF WEBSITES

List of Top Websites Like Oas.org

Top 250 Websites Like OAS.ORG

Download The Top 250 Websites in Excel
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OAS - Organization of American States: Democracy for peace, security, and development
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Cass County Republicans
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Afscme Local 444 - Labor Links - American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees Local 444
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Cambodia News Home - Khmer Times
Khmer Times - Cambodia News from Cambodia's leading Newspaper. News from Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Battambang, Sihanoukville and all of Cambodia
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International Investment Bank (IIB) | Main page
International Investment Bank
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Water for people and peace » Water for people and peace
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NACHI Chicago | An Organization of Licensed and Certified Chicago Area Home Inspectors
NACHI Chicago is the Chicagoland chapter of the InterNational Association of Certified Home inspectors and is an organization of Illinois licensed and certified home inspectors in Chicago and the suburbs. Our home inspectors provide home inspection consulting services to clients in counties of Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Kane, Kankakee, Kendall, Lake and McHenry. We are an Illinois licensed continuing educational provider for all Illinois home inspectors. These classes are open to all who wish to attend. Additional educational opportunities are available through general chapter meetings with guest speakers and various home and real estate shows. Important Notice: Meetings start at 7:00PM. Meeting Date and Time: Thursday May 16, 2019 7:00PM This month: (MAY) This months meeting is a General Business Meeting. All Member should be in Attendance as the Chapter Elections are this month. There will be a discussion on Education, Licensing and future meeting locations. Chapter Officer Nominations are now closed. Online voting is now open and will close on May 14 at 12:00PM. Send your votes to: [email protected] and [email protected] All nominees will be allowed to give a short presentation on 5/16/19 of what their vision is for the Chapter. Positions: President Vice President Secretary Treasurer Proctoring will be available for all InterNachi courses during this meeting. PLEASE NOTE: ALL InterNACHI online CE Courses MUST BE Proctored for Illinois CE Credit. Proctoring is available at the meeting. Location: Best Western, 4400 Frontage Rd, Hillside Il. Please use the paypal button below, or if paying at the meeting please send an email to Jeff Merritt if paying by other means. Chapter Meeting Chapter Meeting $35.00 USD Option 2 $35.00 USD Option 3 $35.00 USD Important: Membership fee for next year is due by the end of January. The website will be updated in February and names or company names of members with outstanding fees will not appear on the web site until paid. Members who have not paid their annual dues and who have not attended the meetings as required will have their link removed from the NACHI Chicagoland website. Please use the Paypal button on the Join NACHI Chicago Page for Annual Dues payment. Membership Fees Options Annual Dues $100.00 USD Location: Best Western 4400 Frontage Road, Hillside, IL, 60162 Phone: 708/544-9300
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ACCIONA: Sustainable Infrastructure and Renewable Energy
ACCIONA is a leader in providing sustainable solutions for infrastructure and renewable energy projects across the world committed to sustainable development.
water, construction, services, concessions, industrial, infrastructures, enery, sustainability, sustainable, development, renewable, acciona
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Anime Music Videos .Org - Home
This community is dedicated to the creation, discussion, and general enjoyment of fan-made anime music videos.
download, videos, music, anime
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SaabCentral Forums
The Site for Saabs, probably the most comprehensive saab resource on the internet, welcome to our saab forums, technical help and discussion and general saab chat for the, saab 9-3, saab 9-5, saab 900, saab 9000 and all other saab models, choose your forum
scania, saab, 900i, auto, saabscania, aero, t16s, 9000cse, 9000cd, 9000cs, saabs, saab900, forums, 9000, forum, bulletin, viggen, turbo, board
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General Dynamics Mission Systems
We develop mission critical C4ISR solutions across the land, sea, air, space and cyber domains. Technically, we're everywhere.
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Corey Roth and Friends Blogs
Group site for .NET and SharePoint developers, with blogs dealing with (usually) SharePoint 2010, Office 365, SharePoint Online, .NET, SQL server, and other Microsoft products, as well as some discussion of general programming related concepts.
sharepoint, studio, 2010, visual, blog, mafia, ooad, oriented, programming, practices, search, fast, development, architecture, software, object, office, microsoft, moss, csharp
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Knights Gear
The official online store of the Knights of Columbus offering promotional items and gifts with the Knights of Columbus logo on them. Apparel personalized with council or assembly name and number offered for the first time. Brand name items paired with the Knights of Columbus logo.
gear, knights, columbus, religious, liturgical, sports, flags, accessories, apparel, home, office, personalized, outdoors
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Home - Recycling Council of Ontario
Our commitment to Reduce, Reuse, Recycle drives our actions, and is the bedrock of our efforts to facilitate the efficient use of resources to reduce waste and associated greenhouse gas emissions. We are also fully engaged in advancing the circular economy, which aims to maximize value and eliminate waste by improving the design of materials, products, and business models.
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CREATION to ESCHATON | Explorations in Biblical Theology from J. Richard Middleton
Explorations in Biblical Theology from J. Richard Middleton
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HOME PAGE | Berwick-upon-Tweed Town Council
HOME PAGE | At the mouth of the River Tweed, Berwick is located midway between Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Edinburgh, on the Main East Coast railway line.
northumberland, council, tweed, berwick
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Welcome to Rethinking Mission - Rethinking Mission
Welcome to the Rethinking Mission website, a place for discussion of issues around mission in a global context. Join the discussion forum or submit a paper.
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Bleeding & Clotting Disorders Institute | Peoria, Illinois
BCDI in Peoria, Illinois offers coordinated, family-centered care for persons with congenital or chronic clotting and bleeding disorders.
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General Dynamics Mission Systems–Canada
One of Canada's leading C4ISR and defence electronics companies, with a worldwide reputation for excellence in the production of technology-based, integrated solutions for land, airborne, maritime and public safety applications.
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IABSC – international association of baggage system companies
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Ethereum Community Events
A directory of Ethereum Community Events worldwide.
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nsdtc.in, native skill development and training council, Native Skill Development and Training Council is an autonomous body. The role of education in facilitating social and economic progress has long been recognized. Education improves functional and analytical ability and thereby opens up opportunities for individual and also groups to achieve greater access to labour markets and livelihoods. ,NSDTC is trying to make the vocational training programme successful all over India to uplift Youth., nsdtc thrissur
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YARMEE ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY CO., LIMITED tour guide system ,conference system, wireless conference system, voting system, video conference system, microphone, video tracking system, audio system, discussion system, language distribution system, interphone, meeting microphone, wireless microphone, studio microphone, mixing console, pro amplifier, pro speaker, China conference system manufacturer
YARMEE YARMEE ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY GO.LIMITED, YARMEE, conference system, wireless conference system, voting system, video conference system, microphone, video tracking system, audio system, discussion system, language distribution system, interphone, meeting microphone, wireless microphone, studio microphone, mixing console, pro amplifier, pro speaker, China conference system manufacturer
system, microphone, conference, wireless, video, yarmee, interphone, meeting, studio, distribution, speaker, china, amplifier, console, mixing, manufacturer, tracking, limited, technology, electronic
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The Assembly | Hope is Alive
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24x7 Transcription Allied Services
We at 24x7 conceptualized the idea of providing a simple and flexible solution to transcription, an industry which has transcended all borders of information technology. We offer round the clock services for transcription through user friendly solutions adapted to encompass the entire spectrum of professionals. At 24x7, we aim to be world leaders in processing Medical Transcription and Non-Medical Voice Data.
transcription, group, visibility, tracking, total, privacy, telephone, technical, thesis, security, cabinet, accountability, offer, trial, quality, assurance, rates, free, cost, seminar
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Maine Council of Trout Unlimited
The Maine Council of Trout Unlimited''s mission is to conserve, protect and restore Maine''s trout and salmon fisheries and their watersheds.
trout, river, maine, salmon, unlimited, atlantic, presumpscot, penobscot, kennebec, rapid, protect, council, brook, blueback, restore, conserve, landlocked
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Welcome to our Site - Stuart Braithwaite Building Contractors Ltd
General builders specialising in extensions, renovations, heritage work, design and planning, re-roofs & council grants.
planning, design, renovations, builders, extensions, general
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Severn Waste Services
Severn Waste Services operates waste management and recycling facilities for Worcestershire County Council and Herefordshire Council, working in partnership in their role as Waste Disposal Authorities.
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Seattle Council PTSA
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Virtual Training Company | Online Virtual Training Solutions | V – Creative
Vcreativeservices present you Virtual online training solution. It’s a latest way to held the company meeting online virtually. For more support call now at 0161 3751734
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Council of State Restaurant Associations (CSRA) - Council of State Restaurant Associations
The Council of State Restaurant Associations'' mission is to foster goodwill and promote the success of State Restaurant Associations and their members.
csra, weblink, restaurants, state, council
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Home | United Church 43rd General Council
cg43, gc43
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Legal Perfection - case management software
Legal Perfection- software for law office case management, calendaring, document assembly, general practice, subrogation, litigation.
legal, software, document, management, calendar, automation, subrogation, practice, docketing, perfection, case, office, assembly
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Agricole Farm Stop
Located in Chelsea Michigan, we have a dearly held mission to encourage and improve small farm viability, increase community access to locally grown food, and educate the public about maintaining local small farming as a community resource. We are bringing together the convenience of grocery store shopping with the closeness and directness of a farmers market.
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GREAT LAKES WATCHMAN
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Welcome to the Greater Baltimore HIV Health Services Planning Council
This page introduces the Greater Baltimore HIV Health Services Planning Council and links to its mission, vision and values.
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General Dynamics Mission Systems–Canada
One of Canada's leading C4ISR and defence electronics companies, with a worldwide reputation for excellence in the production of technology-based, integrated solutions for land, airborne, maritime and public safety applications.
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Dunia Production
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kunstrasen | STENCIL ARTIST
kunstrasen is a German stencil artist who derives his name from the German term for astroturf. In addition to a sly bit of wordplay, kunst=art and rasen=speeding in German, his chosen moniker is relevant to lots of questions in the art world today, relating to issues of authenticity, mimicry, and mass production. kunstrasen’s artwork makes comments which question everyone’s relationship to art, especially within urban and street art genres and is also referring to society in general and our role in it. kunstrasen ist ein deutscher Stencil Künstler der seinen Namen durch ein Wortspiel bezieht. Der eigenliche Begriff Kunstrasen wird getrennt, Kunst und rasen bleiben stehen. Die Kunst im eigentlichen Sinne und das Rasen im Geschwindigkeitssinne setzten sich erneut zusammen und ergeben so einen anderen Sinn. kunstrasen''s Arbeit kreiert Kommentare die Fragen bezüglich jedermanns Beziehung zur Kunst aufwerfen, besonders im Bezug auf Urbane Kunst und Street Art.
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Drug Free NJ - Home
The mission of the Partnership for a Drug-Free New Jersey is, simply, to ''unsell'' drugs to the people of New Jersey - especially our young people.
youth, jersey, free, drug
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Nalanda University
Nalanda is a postgraduate, research intensive, international university supported by the participating countries of the East Asia Summit.
nalanda, studies, university, george, amartya, school, ecology, chancellor, research, interdisciplinary, sabharwal, gopa, historical, environment, bihar, rajgir, affairs, external, international, buddhist
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IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
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Simple Marquee Example
The African Diaspora Forum (ADF) learnt with shock and utter dismay that people are being sold as slaves in Libya. “I salute the people of Zimbabwe for achieving such a great goal without spilling blood or burning buildings. South Africans can learn a lot from this, ” Letlhake said.
african, xenophobia, december, johnnesburg, mayor, 15th, french, republic, reckless, comments, migrants, integrated, fight, free, discrimination, society, 2016, strive, promote, organizations
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Jim''s Page
Relating to the natural history of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and its communities
history, island, rhode, moore, rock, outdoors, cave, geology, natural, massachusetts
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Official Ian Lougher
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Opening Governance
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courtweek.com - Archives: 2011November 1, 2011The Law of Post-Halloween Legal StandardsToday is All Saints Day or All Hallows, a holy day of obligation for some. To others, it''s just the day after Halloween -- a day they forget was once merely All Hallows Eve. Some spend All Hallows recovering from the revelry of the night before, and some are still on the streets in the wee hours of the holy day. Our Case of the Week examines once such alleged citizen on the streets and the unfortunate lesson she learned about differing standards of legal review in a California appellate decision handed down last week.Let''s Make a DealAngelique Bongiovanni found herself in the legal system in 2009, charged with possession of methamphetamine in two separate cases. In a deal that would come back to haunt her on the day after Halloween, she made a plea bargain in one of the cases. Under the plea agreement, Ms. Bongiovanni pleaded no contest, and was placed on probation for three years. As an added bonus, her 365-day jail sentence was suspended to run concurrently with the sentence from her other drug bust.It seemed like a good deal at the time, and it would have been...if only she hadn''t allegedly been out with the witches, warlocks, goblins, and alleged gang members on the streets of Los Angeles on All Hallows 2009.All Hallows HijinksOn Nov. 1, 2009, Wendy Diaz lived with her husband and three children in a Los Angeles neighborhood with a gang problem. Perhaps not unlike Chauncey and Wadsworth fighting over tee times, the proper procedure for shaking martinis, or the best way to train a polo pony, Ms. Diaz''s neighborhood faced fights from the gentlemen and ladies of the rival gangs, "Vincent Town," and "Columbus Street." Police arrested a Columbus Street gang member for breaking into the Diaz home.After taking her children trick-or-treating on Halloween evening, Ms. Diaz ventured outside at approximately 1:00 in the morning of All Hallows to look for a friend parking on the street. Instead, Ms. Diaz said she saw Ms. Bongiovanni accompanied by a companion in a pumpkin costume.According to Ms. Diaz, Ms. Bongiovanni proceeded to engage in an expletive-laden tirade of threats. To accommodate the gentle readers of Courtweek.com who would rather witness a debate between Chauncey and Wadworth on the best ways to make covert contributions to the Republican National Committee instead of enduring the vile threats of alleged gang members, we will attempt to sanitize the vulgarity of Ms. Bongiovanni''s alleged utterances.Ms. Diaz said Ms. Bongiovanni approached her and called her an [expletive deleted] snitcher, adding, "You been [expletive deleted] snitching.""You and your family are coming down," Ms. Bongiovanni stated allegedly, as she is said to have added for emphasis, "You [expletive deleted] rata," and "[expletive deleted] all biccicletas."To assist our readers in appreciating the full flavor of Ms. Bongiovanni''s supposed soliloquy, we should note that each deleted expletive is a version of the same slang word referring to an act of sexual intimacy. In addition, "rata" can refer to a Soviet fighter plane from the 1930s, plants from the Metrosideros genus in New Zealand, or rat in Spanish. We''ll let you decide which one Ms. Bongiovanni might have meant. Also, biccicletas is a derivation of the Spanish word for bicycles. Seems innocuous enough. However, in Ms. Bongiovanni''s case, People v. Bongiovanni, California''s Second District Court of Appeal noted biccicletas was also a term Columbus Street gang members used as a sign of disrespect (or "dissing" in gangspeak) when addressing the upstanding citizens of the Vincent Town gang.Ms. Diaz reported the incident to police the same day and gave law enforcement a description of the woman who threatened her. She then identified Ms. Bongiovanni from a photo line up. Police knew Ms. Bongiovanni to be a member of the Columbus Street gang for almost a decade and that she went by the gang name, "Diabla." It wasn''t difficult police work...Ms. Bongiovanni sported Columbus Street gang tattoos on her body. If that weren''t enough, police said she also admitted she was a member.Winning 10-2?However, nifty tattoos notwithstanding, Ms. Bongiovanni denied she was a member of the gang at trial. In addition, Ms. Bongiovanni noted she was approximately 50 pounds heavier than Ms. Diaz had described her. Then again, it was Halloween, and with her friend in that pumpkin costume, she probably got a lot of candy. Despite Ms. Diaz''s testimony and police testimony citing various Columbus Street gang activities including murder, assaults, car theft, and narcotics distribution, the jury deadlocked, and it''s vote was 10-2 in favor of acquitting Ms. Bongiovanni. The court declared a mistrial and thus granted prosecutors'' motion to dismiss the charges pursuant to California Penal Code section 1385.So, it was time for Ms. Bongiovanni to do the happy dance. Sure, she was on probation, but the charges were dropped. No probation violation there...or so she thought.At an ensuing probation violation hearing, Ms. Bongiovanni argued she had not violated her probation in the All Hallows morning incident. She claimed the whole thing was a case of mistaken identity, and she argued the jury''s 10-2 vote in her favor showed she hadn''t done anything wrong.Most members of the jury may have believed her, but the judge wasn''t buying it. More importantly, for purposes of sending Ms. Bongiovanni to the slammer for a probation violation, the opinions of those 10 jurors didn''t matter.You see, California probation violation determinations differ from a criminal trial in that the fact-finder in a probation violation hearing is the judge -- not a jury. In addition, where in a criminal trial, the legal standard is proof beyond a reasonable doubt, in a probation violation hearing, the standard is only a preponderance of the evidence. In other words, there can be a fair amount of doubt as to whether you did it, but if the judge weighs the evidence, and there''s more evidence indicating guilt rather than innocence, you lose.In Ms. Bongiovanni''s case, the judge noted the cops testified at trial that she was a member of the Columbus Street gang, a Columbus Street member was arrested in connection with the break-in at the Diaz home, and that Ms. Diaz identified Ms. Bongiovanni as the woman who threatened her. In the minds of 10 of 12 jurors, that wasn''t enough to prove anything beyond a reasonable doubt. However, under the preponderance of the evidence standard, that''s all the judge needed.In upholding the trial court''s decision that Ms Bongiovanni violated her probation, California''s Second District Court of Appeal wrote, "Appellant''s argument that a jury vote of of 10-2 for acquittal supports her credibility is not persuasive because the fact finder in the probation violation hearing was the trial judge, not the jury. Because probation revocation differs substantially from criminal prosecution and the facts supporting the revocation need only be proved by a preponderance of the evidence, we find substantial evidence to support the trial court''s finding that the appellant violated her probation."So, Ms. Bongiovanni had her probation revoked, and it was three years of incarceration for her. The moral of this week''s Case of the Week: if you''re on probation and walking around with a giant pumpkin on All Hallows, study legal standards of review before you go calling someone an [expletive deleted] Soviet fighter plane. __________________________October 22, 2011The Law of Flying DwarfsThose readers who enjoyed -- or perhaps didn''t enjoy -- this writer''s On Trial column in The National Law Journal may remember the saga of Dave the Dwarf. He fought to save the Constitution...while saving his livelihood in dwarf tossing. To commemorate the 10th anniversary of Dave the Dwarf''s epic legal battle--and because a Florida state representative is now trying to do in the legislature what Dave could not do in the courts--we now revisit the Law of Dwarf Tossing...and what it tells us about the 5th and 14th Amendments to the United States Constitution...as well as legislative and regulatory drafting in the state of Florida.Big Fun in a Little PackageDavid Flood is a gentleman of somewhat small stature: three foot two, to be exact. He''s also a Tampa, Fla., radio personality and quasi-celebrity. Known as Dave the Dwarf to his legions of little listeners and big fans on Tampa''s 93.3 FLZ radio, Mr. Flood also has had a side business, and that''s what made him a legal star. You see, for a fee, you could bring Dave the Dwarf to your birthday party, St. Patrick''s Day festival, bar mitzvah, or Millard Fillmore Inauguration Day celebration, and Dave would let you engage in the time-honored tradition of dwarf tossing.That''s right, you could put little Dave in a harness and toss him to your heart''s content. Dwarf tossing was a cultural phenomenon in the 1980s. It was the biggest thing since Members Only jackets. It seemed a good time was being had by all, as tiny torpedoes of humanity went airborne at parties.That was, until the Little People of America and their friends in the Florida Legislature intercepted the toss.Little LobbyistsNot everyone was amused by this zany brand of miniature fun. Among the concerned populace was a public interest organization known as Little People of America, Inc. The non-profit organization provides support and information to people of short stature, and states it is the only dwarfism support organization providing services to those afflicted with all of the over 200 types of dwarfism.Little People and others lobbied the Florida Legislature, and the result was the passage of Section 561.665, Florida Statutes, governing activities involving exploitation of people with Dwarfism in establishments selling alcohol.Not all little people supported the law, and one of them was Dave the Dwarf.Dave the Dwarf sued then-Florida Governor Job Bush in an attempt to overturn the law, arguing the law was an unconstitutional violation of his rights under the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.Specifically, Dave the Dwarf argued in Flood v. Bush, No. 8:01cv02261 (M.D. Fla. filed Nov. 28, 2001), that his due process rights were violated because the law failed to properly define those covered by the law, making the law unconstitutionally vague. He argued also that the law violated his equal protection rights because the law treated him differently than others. For instance, you could be tossed, I could be tossed, and Oprah Winfrey could be tossed (with a great degree of difficulty), but Dave the Dwarf could not be tossed...or so he thought.Banned or Not?The governor''s lawyers swung into action in an attempt to toss Dave the Dwarf right out of court. They argued dwarfs needed protection. Dave counted that was hogwash. Also, in addition to maintaining Gov. Bush should be dismissed from the suit, the Florida Attorney General''s Office argued that there was no constitutional violation because the law didnt really ban dwarf tossing.Turns out they were right.The law itself banned only "undertaking or permitting any contest or promotion or other form of recreational activity involving exploitation endangering the health, safety, and welfare of any person with dwarfism" in establishments selling alcoholic beverages. Nowhere did the law ban dwarf tossing specifically.Dave the Dwarf argued dwarf tossing was good for his welfare because he made money doing it. Note the language is "health, safety, and welfare," as opposed to "health, safety, or welfare." Dave the Dwarf might have been better off leaving the law alone, continuing his aerial acrobatics, and arguing he was in compliance with the law because dwarf tossing promoted his welfare.As it was, the trial court tossed Dave out of the courthouse, holding the law did not ban dwarf tossing and that -- although the law mandated that the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of Floridas Department of Professional Regulation promulgate regulations on the issue -- they had failed to do it. While the regulators may have been out at the beach listening to Jimmy Buffet tunes and drinking margaritas, Dave the Dwarf could have been spending his days flying through the warm Florida breezes.So why is Florida State Rep. Ritch Workman trying to repeal the law while everyone from Jon Stewart to your short Uncle Freddy is weighing in on the issue?Well, it appears those regulators finally finished getting wasted away in Margaritaville, cruised on back home to Tallahassee, and did some regulating.The Oprah RuleThe Division promulgated Section 3.048 of Chapter 61A of its regulations, entitled, "Exploitation of Dwarfs." Unlike their friends in the Legislature, the regulators did more precise drafting and included dwarf tossing specifically. The regulation provided in subsection (2): "Any activity described as dwarf-tossing is specifically included within those acts of exploitation prohibited by this rule."Of course, there was also subsection (3), which could be called the Oprah Rule. It provided: "Nothing contained herein shall be construed to prohibit dwarfs from engaging in non-exploitative sporting or recreational events of the type engaged in by persons who are not dwarfs."So now we''ve come full circle: Oprah Winfrey can be tossed (if one has a large catapult), but Dave the Dwarf is, once again, left out of all the fun...unless Rep. Workman has his way. His bill, HB 4063, is pending in the Florida Legislature. In the meantime, you can catch Dave the Dwarf on his radio show, What Would The Dwarf Do?, where presumably, he is not being tossed...at least not yet.__________________________August 25, 2011The Law of Wiener WarsOnce the gentleman from New York''s Ninth Congressional District resigned his House seat for exposing his wiener, you may have thought you would be finished with bad wiener jokes for a while. You would be wrong.This week, mighty corporate litigants have been battling it out in the U.S. District Court for Northern District of Illinois in a wacky wiener war. The case of Sara Lee Corp. v. Kraft Foods Inc., features charges of hot dog blasphemy. Sara Lee, the makers of Ball Park Franks, and Kraft, the friendly folks bringing you the venerable Oscar Mayer wiener, both claim the other has disparaged its products in violation of federal and state law.Seriously though, we all read Upton Sinclair''s The Jungle in school. Thus, everyone thinks hot dogs are comprised of animal parts swept up off the factory floor anyway. How can one disparage a hot dog?Oh, I Wish I Were...Sara Lee fired the first shot in the Weiner War, suing Kraft in May 2009, claiming Kraft violated both the federal Trademark Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq., known commonly as the "Lanham Act," the Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Practices Act, and other Illinois state laws.In its federal complaint, Sara Lee alleged Kraft claimed falsely that Oscar Mayer wieners were the "100% pure beef hot dog" when it knew Oscar Meyer wieners contained other mouth-watering ingredients, such as sodium lactate, sodium diacetate, sodium phosphates, salt, corn syrup, and dextrose. Sara Lee claimed non-beef ingredients comprised approximately 20 percent of an Oscar Meyer wiener. Of course, Sara Lee conceded that most of this non-beef 20 percent was water.Sara Lee claimed Ball Park Franks were disadvantaged becausebeing the honest dudes they are Sara Lee would not compete with Oscars little lies by claiming falsely that Ball Park Franks were 100 percent pure beef.But, Oscar Meyers alleged crimes against humanity and hot dog harmony didn''t end there.In advertising paraphrasing Oscar Mayers famous jingles for its hot dogs and bologna, Kraft claimed, The best tasting beef hot dog has a name. Its O-S-C-A-R, and These days, its Ball Park and Hebrew National who are wishing they were an Oscar Mayer wiener. In addition, Kraft invited customers to Try the taste that knocked the others out of the park.Just as it claimed the 100 percent beef claim was false, Sara Lee claimed these comparisons against its hot dog were false as well.Sara Lees attorney, Richard Leighton of Washington, D.C.''s Keller and Heckman LLP, claimed the evil Oscar Mayer even cheated on taste tests, claiming testers were served boiled Ball Park franks on a paper plate with no bun, no ketchup, no mustard, nothing.It must have been a big taste test error because the bouquet of the sodium lactate and dextrose really pairs well with mustard.Not only were these claims placed in print and electronic media, Sara Lee claimed Kraft even put them on its Wienermobile, a vehicle described by Sara Lee as a hot dog-shaped vehicle that promotes Oscar Mayer and its products in interstate commerce.Have you ever seen the Wienermobile? This writer has. It looks like a rolling phallic sex toy designed to appeal to the prurient interest in violation of the U.S. Supreme Courts holding in Miller v. California.Sara Lee argued that, by making these allegedly false claims in interstate commerce, Kraft violated section 43(a)(1)(B) of the Lanham Act. Section 43(a)(1)(B) prohibits false or misleading advertising or marketing that damages another''s product. In addition, Sara Lee argued these false claims violated the applicable Illinois state laws.Not surprisingly, Oscar Mayer saw things differently.My [Fill in the Blank] Has a First NameMighty Oscar fought back, counterclaiming against Ball Park''s protective corporate mother, Sara Lee. Kraft argued the 100 percent beef was accurate because, although Oscar Mayer contained additives, beef was the only meat in Oscar Mayer. In addition, Kraft believed it needed to illustrate Oscar''s beefiness because of the public perception that hot dogs contain mystery meats.Damn you, Upton Sinclair!In addition, Kraft argued Sara Lee had its own hot dog advertising shenanigans.In a corporate legal battle example of Pee-wee Hermann''s famous retort, "I know you are, but what am I?," Kraft argued Sara Lee made its own false claims about how much beef there was in Oscar''s tubesteak. In addition, Kraft argued Sara Lee mislead consumers with taste tests by professional chefs proclaiming that Ball Park was America''s best franks.All jokes aside, the Wiener War in Sara Lee Corp. v. Kraft Foods Inc., may change the way companies market their products and establish limits for what merchants can say about their products and their competitors in advertising.Meanwhile, the court battle continues with weighty questions, such as "Do a bunch of San Francisco chefs know anything about Chicago hot dogs?" and, if you thought hot dog litigation was bad, just wait until companies start suing each other over other meats lots of people hate.When commenting on the litigation, Sara Lee''s Ball Park product director, Chuck Hemmingway said, "Simply put, we believe that these untrue statements are a bunch of bologna."First, they attack Oscar''s hot dogs, and now Oscar''s bologna? Mr. Hemmingway may want to watch out for the speeding Wienermobile. Oscar is not happy.____________________________August 12, 2011The Law of A&E''s Reality TV TroublesReality television tends to get lots of people into lots of trouble. From going to the slammer for failing to pay taxes on reality winnings to shooting sweet, innocent puppies with arrows, reality TV contestants have often been models of bad behavior. But what happens when it''s the reality show''s network getting in trouble? Our Case of the Week examines what happens when a reality show insinuates falsely that a woman tried to smuggle drugs into a jail via her vaginal cavity.Family DayMarlorita Battle was minding her own business visiting her husband, an inmate at the Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Nashville, Tenn. Little did she know she was about to become a big, big star.On the day she chose to visit the prison, the A&E Television Network reality show, The Squad: Prison Police, was there, too. The Riverbend facility apparently had a drug problem, and there were allegations the contraband made its way into the prison compliments of visiting family members.It was time for some riveting reality TV drama.The episode of The Squad: Police Prison entitled, Conspiracy, began with Tennessee Corrections Special Agent John Fisher describing the Riverbend prison''s drug problem. He noted that an informant had indicated a woman was smuggling drugs into the prison on a regular basis."We''re expecting this lady today," Agent Fisher said, as A&E splashed Mr. Battle''s face on the screen.As Ms. Battle began what might have been a pleasant visit with her husband and small child, the A&E cameras moved in, and agent Fisher said, "We''ve identified the female subject and inmate," as a mugshot of Ms. Battles husband is shown to television viewers.Keystone Kops and the Nitty GrittyMs. Battle''s husband had the toddler on his lap, and the couple sat next to each other. Ms. Battle''s husband caressed her, and then Ms. Battle visited the restroom, causing Agent Fisher to use his supposedly excellent cop skills to determine a crime was in progress. Not unlike the Keystone Kops, Agent Fisher and his bumbling band of merrymen swung into action."Hold on now, she''s going to the bathroom," Agent Fisher says, adding, "Typically, these women hide stuff up their vaginal cavity [sic] and then go to the restroom to take it out. Now we are starting to get to the nitty gritty."The camera then shows the doors to the bathroom, triggering more amazingly astute analysis from Agent Fisherthis time its about the size of Ms. Battles bladder and her efficiency in the latrine."There she is, right there. See how fast she went in there. She didn''t have time to pee," Agent Fisher says.Apparently, Agent Fisher, unaware of a bygone era when gentlemen and ladies would not utter the verb, "pee," on national television, has a special mathematical formula for computing travel times for urine through the urethra and into the toilet, hand washing, mirror check, and egress from a restroom.Ms. Battle, allegedly carrying something in her hand, proceeded to kiss her husband, A&E provided a crashing cymbal sound to enhance the reality TV drama, and Agent Fisher exclaimed, "Some [expletive deleted] just happened. I think we got ''em. I think we got them."It was time for the brave men of law enforcement to swing into action with A&E there to capture all the zany fun.First, they conducted a strip-search, and then, they placed Ms. Battle''s husband in a so-called "dry cell." Its called a dry cell because there''s no running water, and thus, no way to get rid of contraband.They kept Ms. Battle''s husband in the dry cell for 24 hours. He neither urinated nor defecated any contraband.After releasing Ms. Battle''s husband from the dry cell, Agent Fisher called the incident a "false alarm," but he added more commentary during the closing credits of The Squad: Prison Police that would become significant in subsequent litigation. This is Courtweek, after allyou know someone''s gonna get sued."If you are dirty, if you are smuggling in contraband, drugs, cellphones, tobacco, then we''re going to catch you. We might not get you today, maybe next week, next month, next year, but eventually, we''re going to catch up with you, and we''re gonna get you. That''s what we do," Agent Fisher said.Reality TV in CourtMs. Battle sued A&E Television Networks, Inc., and Wild Eyes Productions, Inc., the producers of The Squad: Prison Police, in federal district court in Tennessee, alleging defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress.A&E and Wild Eyes moved to dismiss the suit, arguing on the defamation claim that The Squad: Prison Police was not capable of defamatory meaning, noting that the program doesn''t claim Ms. Battle committed a crime, but instead "accurately reports the results of an investigation."The court didn''t buy it.Noting the camera angles, the ominous music, and the made-for-TV commentary of Agent Fisher, U.S. District Judge Kevin Sharp wrote:"Even though the Program indicates that a search of Plaintiff revealed no drugs, a jury could conclude from the overall way that the Program is presented that Plaintiff was a drug smuggler who just happened not to get caught on September 12, 2009. Such an impression is enforced by Agent Fisher''s parting comments to the effect that while we might not get you today, we will get you sooner or later if you are smuggling drugs into a Tennessee prison."In rejecting the attempt by A&E and Wild Eye''s to dismiss Battle v. A&E Television Networks, Inc., the court cited also the U.S. Supreme Court case of Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co., and held that statements of opinion were not automatically protected from libel and slander claims on First Amendment grounds."After all, ''expressions of ''opinion'' may often imply an assertion of objective fact," the court said.The lesson we take from this week''s Case of the Week is that, before airing a show, A&E might want to make sure the subject is guilty of genital smuggling--or at least not put a cop on the air insinuating the innocent party just got lucky on that one occasion. After all, they could just put a bunch of people on a desert island, have a some obnoxious people become roommates, or have really untalented people sing.________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: [email protected] 5, 2011The Law of Pig FumesHave you ever had a neighbor who cooked food they may have found tasty and delicious, but that emanated aromas reminiscent of aged Roquefort cheese and dirty baby diapers left in a garbage can in the hot sun? It would be most annoying, but would it be unlawful? Would the pungent aromas be trespassing onto your property?Believe it or not, the issue has been litigated, and, in this week''s Case of the Week, we learn whether various airborne items--chemical particulate matter, sewage plant smells, and pig farm fumes--are trespassing when they waft onto your property. People may disagree, and that''s okay. As we''ll discover, the courts disagree as well.Organic AirOluf and Debra Johnson had decided to get back to nature. They converted their Minnesota conventional family farm into an organic farm, hoping to achieve an organic food certification that would allow them to charge more for their farm fresh products.Soon the Johnsons were ready to enjoy their new organic Eden. As they began their new all-natural existence, they stopped using pesticides, and Mr. Johnson posted signs around the property, letting everyone know that the Johnsons'' new tree-hugging Utopia was a chemical-free zone.There was just one problem. The neighbors hadn''t joined the eco-friendly bandwagon.The Johnsons may have embraced Mother Nature, but their next-door neighbor, the Paynesville Farmers Union Cooperative Oil Company, was still spraying away. Pesticides and herbicides drifted onto the Johnsons farm.Seeing the neighboring farm much like a chinchilla sanctuary might view a petrochemical plant as a neighbor, the Johnsons filed complaints in 1998, 2002, 2005, 2007, and 2008. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture cited Farmers Union four times for violating Minn.Stat. 18B.07, subd. 2(b) (2010), which made it illegal to apply a pesticide resulting in damage to adjacent property.Having had enough of chemicals wafting onto their pristine, virginal, chemical-free land, the Johnsons sued in Minnesota state court in January 2009, alleging, among other things, that Farmers Union committed trespass by allowing its chemical fumes to invade their property.A state trial court was unconvinced. It granted summary judgment to Farmers Union, on all claims, including the trespass claim, holding that trespass by particulate matter was not recognized in Minnesota.Leading the charge for Birkenstock-wearing lovers of fields and streams everywhere, the Johnsons appealed.The Law of Pig FumesIn rejecting the Johnsons'' claim, the trial court relied on the Minnesota Court of Appeals'' decision in Wendinger v. Forst Farms, Inc., 662 N.W.2d 546 (Minn. App. 2003), review denied (Minn. Aug. 5, 2003). The facts leading to the court battle in Wendinger are every homeowner''s worst nightmare.The Wendingers and the Forsts had been neighbors for years. They had also farmed their lands for years, and the Wendingers built a new home on their land in 1984.In 1994, the Forsts entered into an agreement with Wakefield Pork, Inc., to construct and maintain a pig farm to house Wakefields'' pigs. In a design sure to make anyone nauseous, liquid pig waste was stored in an outdoor concrete lagoon. The pig poo was then pumped and spread on the fields each fall.As the scents from farmyard feces filled the ambient air, the Wendingers began to complain. Then, they filed scores of complaints with state and local authorities. Finally, they sued.Among their allegations was a claim for trespass, arguing the pig fumes entering their property constituted trespass.A trial court dismissed the trespass claim, and the Wendingers appealed. The Minnesota Court of Appeals affirmed, holding that the Wendingers'' claim was one for nuisance--not trespass--because the odors of which the Wendingers complained interfered with the use and enjoyment of their land, not with their exclusive possession of it.The trial court in Johnson used the Wendinger decision for the proposition that particulate matter traveling from one property to another could not constitute trespass. However, the appellate court in Johnson held the trial court read too much into the pig fume decision.Pesticides are not Pig FumesAlthough the appellate court in Wendinger used the phrase, "particulate matter," the appellate court in Johnson held all particulate matter is not alike."Nothing in our Wendinger analysis indicates that we intended the term particulate matter to define a unique category of physical substances that can never constitute a trespass," the court said. Basically, the court held pesticides are not pig fumes."Unlike the plaintiffs in Wendinger, the Johnsons do not claim trespass based on transient odors. Instead, they primarily complain that the liquid chemicals that the cooperative sprayed into the air from neighboring fields drifted, landed, and remained on the Johnsons'' organic crops in detectable form, contaminating them." Judge Kevin Ross wrote for the court.Where the Wendinger court said there was no trespass because the pig fumes only affected enjoyment of the land, not possession of it, in ruling for the Johnsons, the appellate court in Johnson held that pesticides can affect both possession and enjoyment."The errant dispersion of pesticides, which contain chemicals designed to affect the land, can interfere with possession," the court said.So, the next time youre cooking your Aunt Betsys Garlic and Sauted Sardine Surprise, youre probably okay--even if it does ruin the ambiance of your neighbor''s garden. But, if you spray Raid, and it ends up in your neighbors Cheerios, he may just lawyer-up.______________________________July 28, 2011The Law of Protecting Celine DionHow important is protecting Celine Dion?After all, she sells millions of records, and many middle-aged women adore her. However, there are millions more who would rather spend a weekend in an Iranian torture chamber than listen to Ms. Dion sing the theme from Titanic for the 4,761st time.The woman may need some protection.Well, in a development that may damage U.S.-Canadian relations and come as a shock to fans of syrupy, schmaltzy pop music, a federal appellate court has held that serving as Celine Dion''s bodyguard does not constitute an original contribution of major significance in a field of endeavor sufficient to warrant the granting of a EB-1 visa.The BodyguardHad the court heard the case of Kevin Costner''s character protecting Whitney Houston in The Bodyguard, the whole thing might have gone differently. Mr. Costner''s character had made a major contribution in the field of celebrity personal protection by serving as a U.S. Secret Service agent. Such a high level of demonstrated skill and accomplishment might have brought him a visa.But what if, instead of being employed by the U.S. Department of the Treasury to be part of elite squad of livesavers, Mr. Costner had been employed to protect the top-selling female Canadian recording artist of all time by the pride of Charlemagne, Quebec herself?Would the United States grant a visa to the man who had protected Canada''s fourth most famous export--next to Keanu Reeves in Bill and Ted''s Excellent Adventure, maple syrup, and those deeply disturbing Sarah McLachlan commercials with the abused puppies and kittens?Nikolaos Skokos thought they should.Mr. Skokos, a security consultant for Celine Dion, applied to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for an EB-1 visa, and DHS rejected him. Apparently, DHS didnt think protecting the vocal cords that brought Beauty and the Beast to warm the hearts of little children was important enough.To see what an affront this might be to Ms. Dion''s throngs of adoring fans, it helps to know a little bit about the legal process behind granting visas to enter the United States.Legal TitanicIn addition to establishing a lottery for certain visas and dropping homosexuality as a basis for exclusion from the United States, the Immigration Act of 1990 created the EB-1 visa to attract immigrants with exceptional talents and skills.The EB-1 visa has three types, one for multinational executives and managers, one for professors and researchers, and one for applicants of extraordinary ability. Two of the ways an applicant can demonstrate this extraordinary ability are showing he had made original contributions of major significance to his field of endeavor under 8 C.F.R. 204.5(h)(3)(v) or showing she was paid a high salary compared to others in her field under 8 C.F.R. 204.5(h)(3)(ix).Not only did DHS feel that protecting Celine Dion did not meet this standard of excellence, the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada agreed with DHS, holding for the government and rejecting an appeal filed by Mr. Skokos.In the legal equivalent of running the Titanic into an icebergwhile listening to Celine Dion sing about it as Leo and Kate flail in the frigid waters of the North Atlantic, Mr. Skokos appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Skokos v. Department of Homeland Security, and fared no better.The appellate court held Mr. Skokos failed to establish that his work for Ms. Dion constituted an original contribution of major significance to the field of bodyguarding. In addition, the court held he failed to establish that he was paid more than most celebrity bodyguards.The court noted Mr. Skokos claimed he was far more than a bodyguard--he supervised guards, made security arrangements in the exotic destinations where Ms. Dion shot her mesmerizingly dramatic videos, and provided around-the-clock protection for Ms. Dion and her family. Nevertheless, the court was unmoved that protecting the valuable Canadian export was sufficiently significant to get a visa.The court noted the high standard for granting an EB-1 visa, citing the case of Kazarian v. USCIS, where a physicist who had published articles, written a textbook, and lectured extensively didnt even qualify for an EB-1 visa because his work--although satisfying the criterion for authorship of scholarly articles--did not establish that his work was of major significance in the field of physics.But, is writing scholarly articles and lecturing on physics at universities really as important as ensuring the gaffer and the best boy don''t snag Celine Dion''s Perrier from the buffet table?Of course, some people have managed to prove they are important and accomplished enough to get an EB-1 visa. Golfer Nick Price got one, but--unlike Mr. Skokos--he had won multiple championships, earned over a million dollars in prize money, and he had Jack Nicklaus, Lee Trevino, and Hale Irwin execute affidavits supporting his position.If only Mr. Skokos had managed to get a raise from Celine Dion and recommendations from Gladys Knight and the Pips.______________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: [email protected] 20, 2011American Idol''s American LitigantMany contestants on the hit television show, American Idol, may believe Simon Cowell is a somewhat nasty fellow. He berates participants, calls them names, and generally makes people wonder if his momma taught him any manners. Nevertheless, most of these verbal salvo victims don''t sue. But, one did, leaving us with the question: Does Simon Cowell''s boorish behavior on American Idol violate Title VII of the Civil Rights of 1964?Effeminate Idol?In what some take as evidence of the decline of Western civilization, American Idol, the American spin-off of the British program, Pop Idol, has become one of the most successful shows on television. Contestants participate in singing competitions to win recording contracts, and the winners, including singers Kelly Clarkson and Carrie Underwood, have gone on to fame and fortune.Some of the contestants weren''t as talented. One of those contestants was Ian Bernardo.Mr. Bernardo first appeared on American Idol in 2006 on the opening show of the season. These season-opening audition shows feature a few acts that will advance in the competition and a few acts that will come close. They also feature performers with no reasonable chance of advancement. These contestants--possessing little or no talent--apparently appear to provide comedic material by making fools of themselves. Apparently, Ian Bernardo was one of these comedic contestants for the 2006-2007 season.Not surprisingly, Mr. Bernardo was unsuccessful in his American Idol audition. However, Mr. Bernardo--who described himself as "having a non-conforming appearance based on gender stereotype," which a U.S. District Court interpreted to mean that "he appears to conform to a stereotype of an effeminate homosexual male"--did make subsequent appearances on the show for the 2006-2007 season finale and for Simon Cowell''s final appearance on the show in May 2010.The Courthouse AuditionClaiming he was an employee of American Idol Productions Inc. on each of his appearances, Mr. Bernardo claimed also that he was subject to discrimination and harassment due to his sex on each of his appearances. He claimed American Idol Productions employees told him to "gay it up" and that producers conditioned his appearance on Mr. Cowell''s farewell show on Mr. Bernardo''s willingness to be "outrageous, flamboyant, and really gay."Claiming he was also subject to epithets such as "fag" and "homo," Mr. Bernardo filed a complaint with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). He obtained a right to sue letter from the EEOC and sued American Idol Productions for violations of Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and New York State law.American Idol Productions moved to dismiss the case, making several arguments. In addition to claiming Mr. Bernardo suffered no adverse employment action, the producers argued Mr. Bernardo had failed to make a case for hostile work environment under Title VII. Although the court conceded that--if true--the conduct at the Simon Cowell farewell show would constitute a hostile work environment, the court rejected Mr. Bernardo''s legal argument.Noting Title VII is not a civility code and that discrimination on the basis of homosexuality is not prohibited under Title VII, the court held Mr. Bernardo had not established that gender stereotyping, which is prohibited by Title VII, had so permeated the workplace so as to create a hostile work environment.The court went on to dismiss all Mr. Bernardo''s claims, noting, "He, like everyone else with a modicum of talent (or less) who auditions for American Idol, chose to appear on a program that was famous for its judges'' insulting behavior. Benardo went on the air after being told what was expected of him, and he knew what to expect. Having volunteered to be insulted, he cannot now claim that he was sexually harassed."There was no word as of press time as to any possible Ian Bernardo appellate audition at the Second Circuit._____________________July 10, 2011Suing After Ferocious Puppy PanicPeople are injured in Americas stores, streets, and subways all the time, making personal injury law a big business. Its also one of the most contentious. Some cases may seem easy, but what if youre injured after being chased down a supermarket aisle by a charging dog owned by a store employee? Should the store be liable? Two Mississippi courts disagreed recently. Of course, it helps if you know something about the dog.Attack in the Artichoke AisleLenetra Outlaw decided to do some shopping at her local Penny Pinchers discount grocery store in West Point, Miss., one day in Aug. 2006. An otherwise pleasant shopping day took an unfortunate turn when Ms. Outlaw heard a sound that gripped her with fear and panic.She heard a dog bark.Ms. Outlaw then heard the terrifying sound of dog claws on Penny Pinchers'' floors as the possibly ferocious beast came charging down the aisle. Ms. Outlaw, who said she was extremely afraid of dogs, decided it was time for drastic evasive maneuvers.She ran down the aisle, made a turn, and sought refuge from her brutal foe. Not finding a safe place in the aisle, she ran into a freezer. Thinking that wasnt safe enough--after all, she probably saw the movie, Cujo--Ms. Outlaw leaped on top of the freezer. In her Quixotic quest to escape Armageddon, Ms. Outlaw exacerbated a previously existing hip injury, and decided to sue Penny Pinchers and Cindy Scott, the store manager who owned the attack dog.A Mississippi state court jury found for Ms. Outlaw and awarded her $130,000, finding Penny Pinchers 70 percent at fault and Ms. Scott 30 percent to blame.At this point, you may be wondering, What''s so interesting about this case?Remember at the beginning we told you it would help if you knew a little about the dog?Baby Weiner DogIt turns out this allegedly ferocious attack dog was nothing more than a four-month-old Dachshund puppy. That''s right. A little weiner dog weighing four pounds.It seems Ms. Scott brought the adorable puppy named Sophie to work every day. The pleasant little puppy had never attacked anyone before. Ms. Scott kept Sophie behind the counter--not to protect customers, but so that no one would step on the little thing. Rather than a 150-pound Rottweiler with a spiked collar, Ms. Outlaw jumped on top of a freezer in mortal fear of a tiny weiner dog puppy.Given this fact pattern, Penny Pincher and Ms. Scott decided an appeal was in order. The issue facing the Mississippi Court of Appeals in Penny Pinchers v. Outlaw: Did the presence of the four-month-old Dachshund puppy create an unreasonably dangerous condition at Penny Pinchers that day?The court noted that the Mississippi Supreme Court had held that dogs are not dangerous per se. The Magnolias State''s dog-loving supreme court held in Poy v. Grayson that to impose liability on a dog owner for personal injuries, a plaintiff must show the dog had a propensity for violence and that the owner knew it.The court in Penny Pinchers noted that the four-month-old, four-pound bundle of love, Sophie the Weiner Dog, had a clean record.Citing the Mississippi Supreme Courts 1969 decision in General Tire & Rubber Co. v. Darnell, the court went on to hold that a premises does not have to be completely safe from any hazardonly reasonable safeand that the plaintiffs own actions can be a factor."We acknowledge Outlaw''s extreme fear of dogs. However, we cannot say that it was reasonable for Penny Pinchers to anticipate that anyone, even someone with a great fear of dogs, would have such a reaction to Sophie''s presence in the store," Judge Thomas Griffis wrote for the court.Thus, we feel confident in saying, if you hurt yourself jumping on top of a freezer to escape a four-pound Dachshund puppy, don''t bother suing anyone because its probably your own fault.__________________________June 29, 2011A Defamer''s Guide to ''Dirtbag v. Dirtbag''What does it really take to slander or libel someone? The law of defamation can be complex, but a New York state court recently tried to sort out this weighty issue: What is a "dirtbag," and is the term defamatory?The issue arose after a man named William Schumacher penned comments that another man, John Acheson, was "the biggest dirtbag" he had ever met in his life. Acheson sued Schumacher before Westchester City Court in what, amusingly, could become a seminal case of black letter law. Apparently, no other U.S. court has ever issued a reported decision on the issue of whether it is defamatory to call someone a "dirtbag."Citing a New York precedent, the court in Acheson v. Schumacher said libel or defamation was "a writing or broadcast that tends to expose the plaintiff to public hatred, contempt, ridicule, or disgrace." The court went on to cite the five proving elements of the tort, including the truth or falsity of the statement and whether the complaining party actually sustained damages.Without offering any citation, the court defined "dirtbag" as "an informal term" meaning "a dirty, grimy, sleazy, or disreputable person." The court went on to explain various possible meanings for Mr. Schumacher''s allegedly defamatory statement. Did Schumacher mean that Acheson was the physically largest of the dirtbags he had known? Or perhaps just one of the most powerful? The court surmised also that Schumacher may have believed Acheson to be "just a tad worse" than the other dirtbags he had known.The point the court was making was that -- in any case -- these statements would all be opinions. Citing the case of Gilliam v. Richard M. Greenspan, P.C., the court held that statements of opinion are not defamatory. (In Gilliam, one lawyer penned a nastygram, saying unflattering things about another lawyer. The court held it was opinion and threw out the case.)But don''t take these court decisions as a license to spew any insult you please. In Lund v. Chicago and Northwest Transp. Co., a Minnesota appellate court held that certain epithets -- in that case, the unfriendly word "s---head" -- used alone might be only "unactionable rhetorical hyperbole," but combined with other defamatory words or statements, such words could "take on actionable characteristics."It also matters where and when insults are hurtled. In National Recruiters Inc. v. Cashman, the Minnesota Supreme Court found it slander when a plaintiff was called "a no-good loser; a no-good son of a bitch" in the context of an employment reference.Other courts are more hostile toward such lawsuits. When ESPN posted a photo of daredevil Evel Knievel and his wife with the caption, "Evel Knievel proves you''re never too old to be a pimp," the Knievels sued the network for defamation. They lost on the grounds that a reasonable person would not have taken the photo and caption to mean Evel was literally a pimp and Krystal his prostitute, despite their 29-year age difference and his rose-tinted glasses in the photo.And Florida courts have held that even such insults as "cockroach" and "mega-scumbag" do not constitute defamation, nor do references to a woman''s "poor feminine hygiene." Despite being "crude and indecent," such comments were considered permissible as "satirical hyperbole."The bottom line is that you can freely call someone a dirtbag or a mega-scumbag, but be careful the next time you write a letter of recommendation. If you can''t say something nice, at least don''t say anything that will get you sued.___________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: [email protected] more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/2011/06/defamers-guide-dirtbag-v-dirtbag#ixzz1Qfc82pzXJune 12, 2011The Law of Ben & Jerry''s and Natural BeansHave you ever wondered just what "all natural" means? There was once a professor who reminded his students that the bubonic plague was all natural. Various merchants--from sellers of cereal to purveyors of popcorn--claim their products are "all natural." Ben & Jerrys claimed its ice cream was all natural, but the Center for Science in the Public Interest didnt agree, so they got someone to sue Ben & Jerry''s.So, we can attempt to discover once and for all just what all natural means, the tale of Chubby Hubby, Chunky Monkey, and Cherry Garcia defending their honor gets to be this week''s Case of the Week.Activist ice creamIn the 1970s, childhood friends Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield took a correspondence course in ice cream making. Then they scraped up $12,000, opened an ice cream shop in an old Vermont gas station, and delivered dairy products in a station wagon. Ben & Jerry''s Homemade Inc. was born, and, as they say, the rest is history.Ben & Jerry''s expanded quickly. Not only was the company known for its tasty ice cream with imaginative names, Ben & Jerry''s became known as a leader in social and environmental activism. The growing company tried to promote world peace, and--from green dairy farms to recycled supplies--Ben & Jerry''s made environmental stewardship a focal point of its operations. In addition, Ben & Jerry''s donated 7.5 percent of the companys pre-tax profits to charity through the Ben & Jerry''s Foundation. In 2000, Ben and Jerry sold the company to Unilever.Although they are now very rich dudes, Messrs. Cohen and Greenfield and their ice cream operation still conjure up images of granola, Birkenstocks, peace signs, and...well...things that are all natural. Of course, the labels of Ben & Jerry''s ice cream read all natural, too. Some people didn''t think it was natural enough.Dutch chocolateAlthough Amsterdam may be more famous for Rembrandt, the Rijksmuseum, and reefers, some people believe the Netherlands is also famous for Dutch chocolate. But, does anyone really know what Dutch chocolate is? Hint: it''s a little more complicated than just being made near The Hague.Chocolate is produced when seeds from cocoa beans are fermented and dried and mixed with fat and powdered sugar. Cocoa powder can be made in two forms: unalkalized cocoa or Dutch-process alkalized cocoa. The unalkalized cocoa is made by merely pressing the beans. The process produces a light brown, very acidic powder.Dutch-process cocoa, on the other hand, is produced by cocoa nibs with a mild alkali solution to raise the pH and thus, lower the acidity. This process improves taste, color and solubility, but it also destroys many of the flavonols, which are believed to have health benefits. Ben & Jerry''s used the Dutch alkanization process.All Natural?The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) doesn''t think alkanized cocoa is all natural, so it contacted Unilever, demanding that the company remove the words all natural from both Ben & Jerry''s and Breyers ice cream, another brand the company owns. Ben & Jerrys agreed to remove the phrase, all natural, from any products containing alkanized cocoa. Breyers did not.CSPI organized a class action with the ice cream-enjoying Skye Astiana as lead plaintiff of a band of ice cream eaters who hate the allegedly unnatural Dutch chocolate, and sued Ben & Jerry''s in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California in Astiana v. Ben & Jerry''s Homemade Inc. They alleged violation of both federal and California law in the labeling of the ice cream as all natural even though its cocoa contained potassium carbonate from the alkanization process.Specifically, the CSPI plaintiffs argued Ben & Jerry''s committed fraud and engaged in false advertising in violation of California Business & Professions Code 17500. In addition, CPSI claimed Ben & Jerry''s violated regulations promulgated by the federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA).Ben & Jerry''s filed a motion to dismiss the case, making numerous arguments, including debating the definition of all natural.The ice cream makers argued that "all natural" was a term of art under FDA and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulations. Thus, Ben & Jerry''s argued, for the CSPI plaintiffs to have been deceived by the all natural packaging, they would have had to have possessed an intimate familiarity with the FDA''s natural policy as well as the USDA''s regulations about what constitutes a synthetic process.Ben & Jerry''s was taking the position that Ms. Astiana was merely an ice cream lover and not a federal regulatory expert.In addition, Ben & Jerry''s argued a prospective class plaintiff would have had to taken that extensive regulatory knowledge, then actually have seen the all natural phrase on the package, and then made her own analysis that the ice cream was either not alkanized or that the alkali used in the Dutch cocoa process was not synthetic under the USDA regulations.After all that, under Ben & Jerry''s argument, the potential plaintiff would have had to have relied on that regulatory analysis in deciding to enjoy that pint of Chubby Hubby. Ben & Jerry''s argued that when the reasonable consumer bought her Chunky Monkey, she was not assuming all natural meant alkanized with sodium carbonate and not potassium carbonate.The court wasn''t buying it--at least not for now.The court denied Ben & Jerry''s motion to dismiss, holding that the dispute was too fact-dependent to be thrown out at this point."Moreover, the fundamental dispute--what is a natural product?--will likely present some factual disputes. The only FDA guidance appears to be a distinction between natural and synthetic in the policy, but that definition in the Federal Register is qualified as meaning something that would not normally be expected to be in food. Surely, that characterization raises multiple linguistic and philosophical questions, not to mention factual questions," U.S. District Judge Phyllis Hamilton wrote for the court.So, the battle between Ben & Jerry''s and the enemies of Dutch chocolate will continue. What have we learned this week? Well, according to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, there really isn''t any definition of "all natural"...at least for the moment._______________________________June 5, 2011The Law of Bees and BudsWhat does it mean to operate a motor vehicle? It seems to be a simple question. Get a bunch of lawyers and judges involved, and it becomes anything but. Although alleged drunk driving cases are where this question is asked most often, this week''s "Case of the Week" asks it in a different setting.What about when that motor vehicle is attacked by a swarm of bees?Unhappy HiveOne May day in 2009, Michael Corpus called animal control for the city of McAllen, Tex. It seems he was having a bit of a problem with a beehive.City of McAllen Animal Control Officer Roberto Mata responded to the call, and upon arrival at the scene, Mr. Corpus asked Officer Mata to accompany him to the hive with the swarming army of displeased bees.Possibly remembering what happened to the fools who tried to go into a hotel room with Mike Tyson''s tiger, Officer Mata said something along the lines of: "I don''t think so; Homey don''t play that," and refused. Officer Mata insisted Mr. Corpus accompany him to the hive.So the two gentlemen entered Officer Mata''s animal control vehicle, equipped with animal protection equipment. Officer Mata donned protective gear and approached the hive of danger, but he instructed Mr. Corpus to remain safely in the animal control vessel as the engine remained running.Things would have been just fine and dandy had Officer Mata not done something that may have been somewhat unwise.Insects Attack!Not unlike a Saturday Morning Super Hero decked out in protective gear as he makes Saturday mornings safe for kiddie sales of sugary cereal and overpriced toys, Officer Mata approached the hive in his protective animal control gear. Then, the swashbuckling hero of animal protection began spraying the bees.Guess what happened next?Shockingly, the bees attacked. But, no worries. Officer Mata was protected by his animal control gear. The problem was what Officer Mata did next.To escape the mighty swarm, Officer Mata ran to the truck, opened the door, and hopped in.The only problem, of course, was that, when he opened the door to the animal control truck, he let in a bunch of very angry bees--who proceeded to have a field day biting the [expletive deleted] out of the unprotected corpus of Mr. Corpus.Mr. Corpus was not amused.What do unamused people do in this column? They sue.The Law of Bees and CarsMr. Corpus sued the city of McAllen, alleging Officer Mata''s negligent operation of his city-owned vehicle cased serious injuries to Mr. Corpus.Operating a motor vehicle? What about spraying the bee hive and opening the truck door so the bees could turn Mr. Corpus into a walking, talking pin cushion.Actually, Mr. Corpus had a smart lawyer.You see, government entities are usually only liable in civil suits if they waive what lawyers call sovereign immunity, the government''s immunity from legal actions. Governments waive sovereign immunity for certain activities. Basically, you can sue the government only if the government says you can sue the government.One of the exceptions to sovereign immunity in Texas is for operation of motor vehicles. If Mr. Corpus'' lawyer could show Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck, then he would have a case under the exception to sovereign immunity.So just what does it take to be operating a motor vehicle?If you asked a bunch of convicted drunk drivers, they would probably tell you Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck. That''s because courts have held that, to be guilty of drunk driving, all one must do is sit in the drivers seat with the key in the ignition.Bud or Bees?For instance, in People v. Wood, Andrew Wood had a very unfortunate night at McDonald''s. When he pulled up to the drive-up window in his van, he passed out--with his car running--and, giving new meaning to the phrase, "This Bud''s for you," he had a can of Budweiser between his legs. At least it wasn''t hot coffee. Oh yeah, he also had a cooler full of marijuana on the front seat.The legal story from the bad night at the Golden Arches wasn''t so bad for Mr. Wood at first. Both a trial court and an intermediate state appellate court threw out the evidence against him, holding he was not operating his van at the time of the arrest and search.However, the Michigan Supreme Court reversed both courts and held Mr. Wood was operating the motor vehicle even though his van wasn''t moving, and he had his foot on the brake. Noting that his van was running and in drive, the state''s high court held he was operating the vehicle because he had put the vehicle in motion, was still in control of it, and the vehicle still posed a danger to the public. In doing so, the court reversed two previous Michigan cases that held one could not be sleeping and operating a motor vehicle at the same time.Actual physical control of the vehicle is the standard used by many jurisdictions, and in Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Nevada, that control can be maintained while sleeping.Putting the key in the ignition will get you in some states, including Vermont. In the Vermont Supreme Court case, State v. Helton, one hapless, inebriated fellow was convicted of DUI for merely putting his keys in the ignition to roll up his car windows--after he had gone to retrieve his vodka from the car.Note to self: appoint a designated sober window operator.So what about Officer Mata, was he in control of the vehicle and thus operating it for purposes of Mr. Corpus bee attack case?Departing from the case law of other states, both the trial court and the Texas Thirteenth Court of Appeals said "no.""The animal control truck was not in operation; it was parked. Corpus was injured when the bees entered the cab of the truck where he happened to be sitting. Although we do not condone Mata opening the truck door and exposing a passenger not wearing protective gear to agitated bees, we nonetheless cannot conclude that Corpus''s injuries resulted from the operation or the use of the truck," Judge Nelda Rodriguez wrote for the court.So for this week, we''ve established that you are operating a vehicle in Michigan if you''re asleep at the wheel in the McDonald''s drive-through with weed on the seat and Budweiser between your legs, but that you''re not operating a running vehicle in Texas with a swarm of bees on the seat and between your legs.Either way, its not a Happy Meal._____________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: [email protected] more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/06/law-bees-and-buds#ixzz1OXOJfS6kMay 29, 2011The Law of Rambo and Air FreshenersOur column two weeks ago about the Fourth Amendment has generated some discussion about just what will negate yourFourth Amendment protections and allow the cops to haul your posterior end to jail. As a public service to help our readers remain free from bondage, we will, from time to time, present our Case of the Week: Fourth Amendment Follies edition.This weeks helpful hint: Don''t use too much air freshener.Druggies from CharlotteRobert Little was traveling through the pleasant North Carolina hamlet of Thomasville early one August morning in 2008. It might not have been any big deal, but it was 4:03 in the morning, and Mr. Little was driving an old Buick with a malfunctioning headlight.Bonus reader helpful hint! If you''re carrying contraband, don''t drive through a small Southern town at 4:03 in the morning in an old Buick with a busted headlight. Bad things will happen. At least wait until 5:00 when the first batch of doughnuts comes off the conveyor belt at the local Krispy Kreme.Because Mr. Little didn''t get the memo on suspicious vehicles lurking through the Bible Belt during the wee hours of the morning, he got to meet Officer Adam Kallfelz of the Thomasville Police Dept.Officer Kallfelz observed three things that made him decide it was time for back-up.First was Mr. Little''s nervous and agitated demeanor. Second, Mr. Little said he was traveling from Charlotte. Finally, Mr. Little had approximately 10 tree air fresheners hanging from the rear-view mirror.Before we get to those pesky air fresheners, please allow us to defend the good people of Charlotte, North Carolina. You''re a fine city with an economy built on good barbecue and Bank of America overdraft fees, and--unlike Office Kallfetz--we don''t think you''re a bunch of druggies. We don''t think people should be stopped by the cops just because they''re coming from Charlotte.But, back to those tree air fresheners.Rambo RaidA nervous dude driving from Charlotte with 10 air fresheners made Officer Kallfelz realize he needed a crime deterrent.It was time for Rambo.At 4:07 AM, Officer Kallfelz called Officer Christopher Leonard, asking him to bring his partner, Rambo.Not unlike Sylvester Stallone searching swamps for sadistic Viet Kong alumni, Rambo, a drug dog, went over that old Buick like a frat boy going through sofa cushions looking for that lost last joint.Rambo signaled for the presence of narcotics in the Buick''s door, and Mr. Little was arrested for being a felon in possession of a firearm.Mr. Little moved to suppress the evidence, arguing the search was illegal, but a trial court denied the motion, holding that the stop and the search were lawful. Mr. Little appealed.Air Freshener JurisprudenceIn his appeal to the North Carolina Court of Appeals, the Tar Heel State''s intermediate appellate court, Mr. Little argued in State v. Little that the search was improper because the cornucopia of air fresheners did not provide reasonable suspicion for extending the stop until Rambo arrived.Unfortunately for Mr. Little, North Carolina has a proud tradition of air freshener jurisprudence. They even go after Santa Claus if there''s air freshener involved.In State v. Hernandez, the North Carolina Court of Appeals held a stop was proper when it was based, at least in part, on Christmas tree air fresheners.In Hernandez, Trooper Jonathan Whitley of the North Carolina Highway Patrol stopped a vehicle when driver Jose Hernandez removed his seatbelt while still operating his vehicle. Not unlike with Mr. Little''s arrest, air fresheners would help lead to Mr. Hernandez''s undoing."I noticed there were several of these Christmas trees, air fresheners in the vehicle. I noticed a strong odor coming from the vehicle," Trooper Whitley testified in defending his actions.Christmas tree air fresheners as a basis for detaining a motorists? Well, the court upheld the stop, and the court in Little followed the court in Hernandez."Facts giving rise to a reasonable suspicion include nervousness, sweating, failing to make eye contact, conflicting statements, and strong odor of air freshener," Judge Martha Geer wrote for the court in Little.And, if you think North Carolina is the only state fighting the war on air freshener, you would be wrong.In Commonwealth v. Watts, the Massachusetts Appeals Court held reasonable suspicion could be based, in part, on the presence of fabric softener drier sheets.The federal courts have joined this attack on pleasant aromas as well. In United States v. West, the Tenth Circuit proclaimed, "The Tenth Circuit has consistently held that the scent of air freshener is properly considered as a factor in the probable cause analysis, and in the Eleventh Circuit held in United States v. Wright that evidence of a drug conspiracy existed based partially on the fact that two persons entered the Winn-Dixie together to purchase carpet freshener and fabric softener; materials known to be used to mask the odor of cocaine.Many other federal circuits, including the Third, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth, have upheld convictions based, in part, on the presence of fabric softener, and in United States v. Edmonds, the Third Circuit upheld a trial court''s refusal to believe a drug mule was a mere unsuspecting courier. Why? She brought along a box of Bounce fabric softener sheets.So, the lesson from this week''s Case of the Week: with a Mountain Fresh scent filling the air, your dorm hall monitor in college didn''t believe you then, and the cops don''t believe you now. If you have contraband and notice Rambo sniffing your car, ditch the fabric softener...Bounce can get you busted.____________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-rambo-and-air-fresheners#ixzz1Nvzi9iNpMay 22, 2011The Law of Airport TipsHave you ever been sitting in a hotel room, staring at a room service bill, trying to determine whether the service charge added to your bill is the tip? And let''s not even get started with deciphering the cryptic hieroglyphics known as the cable bill.But what if your employer hoisted a sign informing customers there would be a two-dollar charge for your services? Would that payment be your tip? Would posting that sign get somebody sued? Of course, it would. This is the Case of the Week.Air a la carteOur story begins in Sept. 2005, when American Airlines began charging a $2.00 fee for passengers to check a bag at curbside.Before this policy began, curbside check-in was free, but customers tipped the skycaps--usually a dollar per bag--for curbside service. Until American went and messed up things, most skycaps earned most of their earnings from tips.As the airline industry faced significant financial problems, airlines began charging for many services that had been free. This a la carte fee system affected everything from headphones to handbags.Want to watch the in-flight movie? No problem. That''s free. Want to hear it? Two dollars for headphones, please. Want to eat? Pay up.Pay2Pee, the world''s first aircraft pay toilet, can''t be far away.At the moment, we can add curbside check-in to our non-complimentary airline a la carte menu.American--and its subcontractor actually employing the skycaps--made out like Tijuana bandits. The charge was designed to defray the cost of curbside service in a dark and dreary economy, but it actually became a profitable business venture for all...except the skycaps themselves.Many passengers thought American''s $2.00 fee was the tip. Others felt $2.00 per bag was enough to pay for curbside service. The end result was the same: the skycaps lost a significant amount of their income as tips plummeted.Suing SkycapsTwo skycaps at Boston Logan International Airport sued American and the contractor, seeking class certification and arguing that American''s curbside fee violated the Massachusetts statute governing tips, Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 49, 152A (2008), constituted tortious interference with an advantageous relationship, unlawful conversion, and unjust enrichment under Massachusetts law, and that the skycaps were entitled to restitution under the legal theory of quantum meruit.The skycaps'' employer was dismissed due to an arbitration agreement, and American removed the case from a Massachusetts commonwealth court to federal court.The skycaps argued Massachusetts law prohibited American from charging the curbside baggage fee because the fee qualified as a service charge under the commonwealth law because it was a fee that a consumer would reasonably expect to be given to the skycap.American countered that the skycaps suit was preempted by the federal Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. When a federal law preempts a state law on an issue, the federal statute has sole jurisdiction, and the state statute is preempted and nullified for purposes of that dispute.The District Court held for American on several grounds, but held for the skycaps on the preemption argument. Thus, the claims under the Massachusetts tips law and for tortious interference were tried to a jury.Big TippersIt turned out the jury was a bunch of big tippers. The jury found for the skycaps in April 2008 and awarded damages in the amount of $2.00 to each skycap for every bag handled between Sept. 2005 and the verdict.Thus, the jury awarded the nine prevailing plaintiff skycaps approximately $333,000 in damages plus interest and attorney fees. One plaintiff skycap from the St. Louis airport did not get to share in the bounty because--as a citizen of Missouri--he was not covered by the Massachusetts tip law.But, our story is not over. Cheap tippers can rejoice. American appealed, and the First U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals handed down a decision bound to make Parisian tourists do a happy dance.The First Circuit reversed the district court and ruled for American in DiFiore v. American Airlines, Inc., holding that the Massachusetts tip statute was, in fact, preempted by the federal Airline Deregulation Act.Although the appellate court conceded there was conflicting case law, it relied on three U.S. Supreme Court cases, Morales v. Trans World Airlines, Inc., American Airlines, Inc. v. Wolens, and Rowe v. New Hampshire Motor Transport Assn, in holding that the federal law preempted the Massachusetts tip statute vis--vis the skycaps tips.The court held the commonwealth''s law was preempted when applied to Ameircan because it was related to a price, route, or service, noting that related to and service were statutorily broad terms.The First Circuit rejected the skycaps'' argument that the tip law''s connection to airline price, route, or service was so tenuous, remote, or peripheral as to not trigger preemption under Morales or Rowe."This, to borrow an apt airplane image, is walking into a rotating propeller: the advertising and service arrangements are just what Congress did not want states regulating, whether at high cost or at low. When the Supreme Court invoked the rubric ("tenuous, remote, or peripheral"), it used as examples limitations on gambling, prostitution, or smoking in public places--state regulation comparatively remote to the transportation function," the court said.So, next time you go to the airport, please remember that--because a federal court has ruled that curbside check-in is not like betting on ponies, retaining the services of a hooker, or smoking a joint at baggage claim--these guys aren''t protected by the Massachusetts tip statute.Even if you pay an airline curbside baggage fee, please, folks, tip your skycap.________________________May 14, 2011The Fourth Amendment and the Law of Bongs and BaggiesThe Fourth Amendment provides some of our greatest protections from government. It keeps colonial constables out of our tea, J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI out of our mothers underwear drawers, and seizure-hungry sheriffs out of our Chevys.Yet, as with anything, the Fourth Amendment is not absolute. The Fourth Amendment prohibits only unreasonable searches. Thus, if police have probable cause for a search, its not unreasonable, and the Fourth Amendment won''t stop it. In fact, the Fourth Amendment has a specific clause allowing searches with probable cause.A recent Massachusetts case gets to be our Case of the Week because it addresses the novel legal question: Does the presence of a bong and Baggies constitute probable cause for a search for marijuana?Speeding and SeizingWhen Shawn Smith decided to do some urban drag racing with friends, he probably should have left his bong at home. For readers who may be unfamiliar with the household appliance known as the bong, it is a water pipe--used by some to smoke marijuana.The speeding Mr. Smith was attempting to outduel a fellow motorist when police clocked him traveling 67 miles per hour in a 40 mile per hour zone.When police stopped the Smithmoblie, they noticed a bong and an open box of plastic sandwich bags in the car. The police testified that, based on their experience, a bong and Baggies usually meant one thing...and it usually happens a lot in Cheech and Chong movies. Yes, police thought they were dealing with that plague on humanity: marijuana.Having spotting the offending bong and Baggies, law enforcement swung into action.Police ordered Mr. Smith from the car, and frisked him. They asked him if there were any marijuana in the car, and he said there was not. However, Mr. Smith admitted he had some herbal enjoyment in his pocket. Police seized it, arrested Mr. Smith, and impounded his speedy car. Shockingly, they found more marijuana.However, in a development that will be significant legally later in our story, police did not detect any marijuana smoke or residue in the bong.Evidence Up in Smoke?Sure, police get to do an inventory when they seize a car. In this week''s case, police were arresting Mr. Smith for his weed, so they got to go through his car and inventory everything. However, when police misbehave, there is a judicial remedy known as suppression of the evidence. For those who never have time to watch Law and Order, that means the evidence is thrown out because the cops got it illegally.In this case, because the police failed to give Mr. Smith his Miranda warnings before giving him the Spanish Inquisition, Mr. Smith moved to suppress evidence of the search.However, Massachusetts prosecutors argued the bong and Baggies sitting in the car in plain sight gave the police all the probable cause they needed to search the carMiranda or not. In essence, the Commonwealth argued, it was the probable cause supplied by the bong and Baggiesnot the Mirandaless utterances of Mr. Smith that gave police the pot.Both a trial court and the Massachusetts Appeals Court, the commonwealths intermediate appellate court, rejected prosecutors'' arguments and threw out the evidence--and thus, the case. Citing Massachusetts case law, the court held that bongs and Baggies--and nothing more--do not give the police probably case for a search.Bong and Baggies LawThe Appeals Court distinguished Mr. Smith''s case from two previous Massachusetts Appeals Court decisions where bongs did lead to probable cause for a search: Commonwealth v. Dolby from 2000, and Commonwealth v. Correia in 2006.It is true the facts in all three cases were somewhat similar: cops stop car, cops see bong, cops arrest driver. However, Smith differed from Dolby and Correia in one, key respect. Unlike in Dolby and Correia, in Smith, there was neither marijuana smoke nor residue present in the bong.The Appeals Court said that distinction was critical. In Dolby and Correia, the evidence was not suppressed, but it was because there was residue in the bong--not because police spotted an innocent bong just hanging out, minding its own business, with no nefarious residue or smoke.Baggies get the same constitutional protections.Citing its decision in Commonwealth v. Garcia, the court held, the observation of two lawful items--the bong and the box of sandwich bags--did not supply probably cause. The court articulated its rationale in Garcia:"The trooper''s experience, coupled with his observation of an apparently empty baggie, is not enough to provide probable cause to conduct a warrantless search of the automobile. Benign objects such as spoons, mirrors, and straws are often used in the narcotic trade. To allow police officers, experienced in narcotics investigations, to conduct a warrantless search whenever they observe one of the above items, and nothing more, would permit random searches, which are condemned by the Fourth Amendment and the Declaration of Rights," the court said.So, Mr. Smith got off: the evidence was suppressed, and the charges were dropped. The moral of this week''s Case of the Week: if you''re going to go drag racing with your bong in the back seat, at least make sure it is clean._________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-bongs-and-baggies-fourth-amendment-searches-probable-cause-miranda-marijuana#ixzz1MKivXiVWMay 8, 2011The Law of Cow Bones and BungeesWhen you buy a product or service, how much information should the seller disclose to you? This week''s Case of the Week examines that issue in a case involving breast implants, bungee cords, a surgeon''s eyesight, and the jurisprudence of cow bone implants...not necessarily in that order.Manmade ChassisDenise Dalien decided she wanted to augment the chassis God gave her, so she consulted plastic surgeon Stanley Jackson of Puyallup, Wash. Dr. Jackson performed breast augmentation on Ms. Dalien in 2000, using saline implants.After a diet and exercise regimen caused her to lose weight, Ms. Dalien noticed some indentation and rippling on what was once her soft and supple upper left bosom.No problem. Dr. Jackson went in again, removed the saline implants, and replaced them with gel implants.Turns out there was a problem. Ms. Dalien was not happy with her new gel bosoms, so under the surgical theory of more is more, Dr. Jackson performed additional revision procedures on Ms. Dalien during 2005 and 2006.Blinding BungeeJust before all this happened, and--importantly for our story--unbeknownst to Ms. Dalien, Dr. Jackson was having issues with a bungee cord. Dr. Jackson went into mortal combat with the killer cord in July 1999.The bungee cord won.Dr. Jackson received surgery on his eye, and took over a month off from his practice. In July 2006, Dr. Jackson reported additional changes in his vision. He retired in October 2006 after unsuccessful surgery.Citing her allegedly unsuccessful surgeries, Ms. Dalien sued the good doctor twice. In one suit, Ms. Dalien argued negligent medical malpractice in the botched boob job.In her second civil action, Ms. Dalien sued under Washington States Consumer Protection Act (CPA). Ms. Dalien argued, among other things, that Dr. Jackson violated the law by failing to disclose his eye injury.Cow Bone LawDr. Jackson argued that the nondisclosure of his eye condition did not occur in trade or commerce and that any alleged professional malpractice or negligence was exempt from the CPA.Ms. Dalien countered that the nondisclosure of the eye condition was, in fact, done in trade or commerce because Dr. Jackson solicited and retained patients by failing to disclose this condition.In siding with Dr. Jackson, Washington State''s Court of Appeals cited the Evergreen State''s jurisprudence on cow bone disclosure and the case of Michel v. Mosquera-Lacy.In Michel, Mystie Michel sought treatment from Lucy Mosquera-Lacy, a periodontist employed by Bright Now! Dental, Inc., and the doctor said Ms. Michel needed a bone graft.When completing her pre-procedure paperwork, Ms. Michel was given the choice of human bone, cow bone, or synthetic bone for her graft. Stating she could not fathom the thought of having animal parts in her body, Ms. Michel declined the opportunity to get authentic cow bone.Well, unfortunately for Ms. Michel, supplies were running low in the dental office that day.When Dr. Mosquera-Lacy ran out of human bone, she finished the job with cow bone.Although the dentist claimed she merely finished up with cow bone--and that cow constituted no more than 10 percent of the graft--Ms. Michel said she now had a McImplant with the doctor having implanted a cow bone in her mouth.Whatever damages or urges to graze on her front lawn Ms. Michel may have experienced, her case wasn''t actionable under the Consumer Protection Act, the Washington Supreme Court held, because the use of cow bone was not an entrepreneurial activity in trade or commerce."Michael failed to show that Dr. Mosquera-Lacy''s use of cow bone is entrepreneurial. It does not relate to billing or obtaining and retaining patients. It simply relates to Dr. Mosquera-Lacy''s judgment and treatment of a patient. There is no evidence that cow bone was used to increase profits or the number of patients. When the supply of human bone ran out during the procedure, Dr. Mosquera-Lacy used her judgment and skills as a periodontist to finish the procedure. This is not actionable under the CPA," the court said.Bovine Bones and BungeesFollowing the Washington Supreme Court''s holding in Michel, the Washington Court of Appeals held in Dalien v. Jackson that Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure of his eye condition was also an activity that fell outside the scope of Washington''s Consumer Protection Act. Thus, the court declined to certify her class action, and it affirmed a trial court''s dismissal of her case."As in Michel, Dalien has failed to show that Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure of his eye injury is entrepreneurial. Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure does not relate to Dr. Jackson''s billing or obtaining and retaining patients. Dalien has presented no evidence that Dr. Jackson represented that he had better vision than his competitors or somehow relied on his vision to promote his business," Judge Russell Hartman wrote for the court.However, the court didn''t say Ms. Dalien didn''t have a case--just that she didnt have a case under the CPA. Referencing her other suit, the court said, "To the extent that Dr. Jackson''s eye injury may have affected his ability to examine, diagnose, treat, or care for his patients, that question is actionable under the negligence theory, which Dalien is pursuing in her original lawsuit."The lesson of this week''s Case of the Week? If you want to sue under Washington''s Consumer Protection Act, make sure they advertise their excellent vision allows them to see your head before they implant a cow bone in it.____________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-cow-bones-and-bungees#ixzz1Ll8lzZ00May 1, 2011The Law of Bait Car JournalismDavid Broder, Edward R. Murrow, William F. Buckley Jr., Walter Cronkite, and now Bait Car?As the old Sesame Street song said, it would appear that one of these things just doesn''t belong here. Well, that''s not what the producers of the television show, Bait Car, say. They argue their show is real journalism, and--in an attempt to avoid producing evidence in a California court proceeding--they say their photographers are journalists. In recognition of this creative legal argument, their case gets to be our Case of the Week.What is a Journalist?The proliferation of new media sources has created a novel question: Just what is a journalist? Must one possess government-issued press credentials, sending shivers down the spines of First Amendment advocates? How about a requirement that you earn your living from journalism? Perhaps there should be a requirement that at least your Aunt Betsy actually read what you write?This question has taken on real legal significance as the U.S. Congress and many states have tried to implement so-called reporters'' shield laws. These laws attempt to protect reporters and their confidential sources by shielding confidential information from disclosure to courts and third parties.Although there has been substantial progress, a federal shield law has not yet passed. However, 40 states and the District of Columbia have shield laws, with many states enacting them after what some argued were Bush administration abuses, prosecutorial attacks on the press, and the prosecution of New York Times reporter Judith Miller.Some Republican lawmakers cited national security concerns with reporters'' shield legislation, and others had a more fundamental issue: How do you go about deciding which writers get to be journalists in a New Media world vs. Old Media world?Many hipsters sipping lattes at Starbucks like to bash so-called Old Media. As they iPad away their afternoons, bowing before the altar of New Media, they mock institutions such as The Wall Street Journal as the old media of their grandparents, and--bless their little black turtlenecks and Birkenstocks--they weren''t fooled by Rupert Murdoch''s purchase of Myspace. Silly, Rupert, New Media is for hip kids.But, the beautiful world of blogging Brown alumni opining on global warming and Maya Angelous contributions to literature while their conservative brethren blog on banks and hedge funds may be in for a shock to its modern sensibilities. There may be unwanted guests at this post-modern, online clambake, and it may be a sign of things to come.Bait Car as New MediaThe folks at truTV, that network of cop shows that used to be Court TV, have come up with a new show called, Bait Car. In Bait Car, the producers work with local police to place an unlocked car with keys in the ignition out on the street. Its the bait for would-be car thieves. Get it, bait, car?Many unsuspecting citizens, including Joseph Bullard, took the bait.Or did he?In the case of People v. Bullard in the Superior Court of California, San Francisco County, Mr. Bullard argued that he was merely being a good citizen, moving the Bait Car out of its illegal parking spot.He also argued selective prosecution. Mr. Bullard, a gentleman who enjoys cross-dressing, argued it was no coincidence that the unholy trinity of producers, police, and prosecutors arranged for the Bait Car to be placed outside Divas, a well-known, somewhat risque San Francisco transgendered club. Police countered that they just picked an area known for car theft.To prove Mr. Bullard''s Good Samaritan claim, his legal counsel wanted to see the tapes of the filming from KKI Productions, the producers of the San Francisco episodes of Bait Car. Not unlike Judge John Sirica sending an order to the Nixon White House, Judge Gerardo Sandoval ordered KKI to turn over the tapes.Not so fast, said KKI. Arguing that Bait Car was journalism and that the intrepid Bait Car photographers were, in fact, journalists and so under California''s reporters shield law, KKI refused.Judge Sandoval wasn''t buying it. He rejected KKI''s reporters shield argument, and demanded the tapes.Funny thing. You may have laughed at Mr. Bullard''s "I was only helping by moving the car" argument, but prosecutors dropped the charges against Mr. Bullard.Future of Journalism?Bait Car''s producers were working with prosecutors, turning over their tapes to the district attorney''s office, and that cooperation with cops was fatal to their legal argument, according to Judge Sandoval and legal journalism experts."You can''t have it both ways. You can''t cooperate with one side and not the other," said Lucy Dalglish, Executive Director of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press."You can make a very strong argument that the cooperation with one side is a waiver of the privilege," Ms. Dalglish added.People v. Bullard does not decide the law on the contentious issue of who gets to be a reporter in the eyes of the law--although it does put Californians on notice that, if youre in cahoots with the cops, you probably don''t get to be one, at least for reporters shield purposes.The case also illustrates that the cozy little blogging world at Starbucks and beyond is also in the midst of a culture shift. The latter day hipsters may have make room on the Starbucks sofa for Bait Car journalists, Dog the Bounty Hunter, Big Brian the Fortune Seller, and the zany, fun-loving staffs of Ma''s Roadhouse, Lizard Lick Towing, and Hardcore Pawn.Yes, the Fourth Estate is becoming a very big tent in every respect imaginable...and in some not so imaginable.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-bait-car-journalism#ixzz1LCFs9nEyApril 24, 2011The Law of Gwen Stefani AvatarsAt the time of this week''s legal tale, Gwen Stefani was a big, giant rock star, and Activision Publishing''s Band Hero videogame series was extremely popular. Combine the two - the theory went - and you would have what one of those MBA-types might call, synergy.Activision and Ms. Stefani thought so...until they ended up in court.This week''s Case of the Week illustrates the legal principle of the right of publicity. It also puts us on notice with the following legal poetry: Make Gwen Stefani a dude, and you''re gonna get sued.California Dreamin''In the 1990s, Gwen Stefani and Activision were both living the Southern California dream. Ms. Stefani and her Orange County band, No Doubt, achieved critical and commercial success, including Grammy nominations and huge recording contracts, while hitting the top of the charts with their 1995 single, Don''t Speak.Meanwhile, the friendly folks at Activision were building a videogame empire in Santa Monica with hit games such as MechWarrior 2: 31st Century Combat and Civilization: Call to Power. They also made some money off a game series based on the adventures of skateboarder Tony Hawk.Entering the 21st Century, one of Activision''s biggest games was its Guitar Hero series, which basically allows players to engage in computer-assisted air guitar. Band Hero was a similar, spin-off production.One of Band Hero''s features allowed players to create avatars based on real life rockers.Thinking it would be just nifty to have No Doubt avatars in the game - or at least thinking that it would be just nifty to have some of Activision''s cash -- No Doubt executed its Professional Services and Character Licensing Agreement with Activision, allowing the gamemaker to create avatars -- or computerized characters -- based on the band, and use them in Band Hero.Gwen is not a dudeMuch to their horror, the members of No Doubt learned about a special feature of Band Hero shortly before the product''s launch -- it was a special feature No Doubt may have worried pubescent punksters might manipulate.In their Agreement, Activision and No Doubt agreed Activision would license only a limited number of No Doubt songs for use in the game. However, that provision failed to consider another potential use of Band Hero.When players reached a certain level of the game, Band Hero allowed them to unlock their avatars, changing their song selection and personal characteristics.For instance, Activision licensed only a few No Doubt songs, but if Little Johnny were proficient enough in Band Hero to get his avatar -- say, perhaps, a lasciviously alluring Ms. Stefani -- to reach Level Nine of Band Hero, he could unlock her and free her from the bondage of her current condition, in every way, including gender.No Doubt was most displeased to discover that, once your Gwen Stafani avatar were unlocked, not only could Avatar Gwen be singing Janet Jackson, she could also be singing Tito Jackson.You see, once unlocked, an avatar''s voice could be changed from male to female.Not surprisingly, Ms. Stefani and her bandmates were not excited about the prospect of having their voices replaced with the manly sounds of Boy George.Ska vs. SuitsCould Activision really use the twisted avatars without No Doubt''s permission?No Doubt didn''t think so, and the band sued Activision in California state court. In No Doubt v. Activision Publg, Inc., the band sued for injunctive relief and damages, arguing Activision had engaged in the unauthorized exploitation of No Doubt''s name and likeness.The band sued on several grounds, including Activision''s alleged violation of No Doubt''s right of publicity.The right of publicity gives an individual control over the commercial use of her name or likeness. About half the states have a statutory right of publicity and others protect the right of publicity as part of their right of privacy laws.There has been a movement to extend the right of publicity beyond death. Not surprisingly, this movement is led by the heirs of some very famous dead people, including the heirs of Marilyn Monroe.California is one of those states with a codified right to publicity, contained in section 3344 of the California Civil Code.However, Activision countered that No Doubt''s right of publicity claim was barred as a matter of law because Activision''s actions on the avatars constituted constitutionally protected activity under the First Amendment.A Los Angeles Superior Court judge denied Activision''s motion to strike No Doubt''s complaint, and Activision appealed to California''s Second District Court of Appeal.Citing Comedy III Prods., Inc. v. Gary Saderup, Inc., the appellate court applied the transformative use test, a method to determine whether a use of a likeness was transformed from something more than a mere impersonation.The appellate court sided with No Doubt and the trial court. The court ruled that a transgendered avatar did not qualify as a transformative use. Thus, the appellate court held, the First Amendment did not excuse Activision''s alleged violation of its right to publicity."Nothing in the creative elements of the Band Hero elevates the depictions of No Doubt to something more than conventional, more or less fungible, images of its members that No Doubt should have the right to control and exploit. Thus, the trial court did not err in denying Activision''s motion to strike the right of publicity claim based on Activision''s assertion of a First Amendment defense," Judge Thomas Willhite Jr., wrote for the court,The court compared and contrasted Ms. Stefani''s avatar with the image in another case involving a Sega videogame and the former lead singer of Dee-Light, Kirby v. Sega of Am., in holding Avatar Stefani was not a transformative use. The First Amendment may be powerful, but -- at least in this Case of the Week -- it provides no constitutional protection for a Gwen Stefani avatar in a Boy George voice singing, Do You Really Want to Hurt Me?_________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-gwen-stefani-avatars-band-hero-No-Doubt-v-Activision-Publ-Inc#ixzz1KUS9gVwHApril 17, 2011The Law of Urinal TrademarksTrademarks and the legal disputes involving them may be the most entertaining area of intellectual property law, and a recent Pennsylvania federal court case illustrates just how entertaining trademark fights can be. You might think this fight over the name, "Pint," was a beer dispute. You would be wrong.This week''s Case of the Week examines what happens when two urinal manufactures get into a legal dispute over the names of their products.Pint of Yellow LiquidThe urinal and its bathroom cousin, the toilet, use a lot of water. As people have become more concerned about the environment, manufactures have joined the party, developing so-called green products, and urinal makers are no exception. After all, no self-respecting urinal manufacturer wants to be known as a truck stop eco-terrorist.Among the leaders in the urinal market are Zurn Industries and Sloan Valve Co. Both Zurn and Sloan wanted to help save the planet by making eco-friendly urinals.Zurn developed a urinal Mother Nature would love and named it, The Pint. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office awarded Zurn the United States Trademark Registration No. 3,389,517 for The Pint, part of Zurn''s EcoVantage line of environmentally friendly "fractional flush" urinals. They''re called fractional flush because they use a fraction of the water regular urinals use when you flush them.Not to be outdone, the nature-loving folks at Sloan came out with their own environmentally sound urinal, the Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System.Not unlike a fraternity pledge spotting someone swiping his pint of Guinness from the bar, lawyers for Zurn swung into action.Urinating ContestAfter noticing a Sloan press release for the Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System on the website, greenlodgingnews.com, Zurn''s lawyers sent Sloan a cease and desist letter, arguing Sloan''s name infringed on Zurn''s registered trademark for The Pint. Zurn demanded that Sloan stop marketing its allegedly infringing urinal with "pint" in its name.In an apparent attempt to maintain peace and harmony in the urinal world, Sloan changed the name of its urinal from the "Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System" to the "Sloan Pint Urinal System."It was a nice try, but Zurn was unsatisfied. Simply deleting the numeral, "1," from the name wasnt enough. Not unlike Carrie Nation on a bar raid, Zurn wanted the Pint the h*ll out of there.Sloan refused, and Zurn''s trademark lawyers did what it takes to become the Case of the Week. They sued.In its case, Zurco, Inc. v. Sloan Valve Co., filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, Zurn argued Sloan''s use of its name violated the federal Trademark Act of 1946, known commonly as the Lanham Act. Specifically, Zurn argued that Sloan''s name caused a likelihood of confusion among potential customers.Sloan countered that -- despite Zurn''s federal trademark registration --The Pint was not a legally protectable trademark for a urinal because the mark was generic, a trademark legal term meaning the name is a common, general term with no secondary meaning.Sloan argued that pint was merely an identification of a type of urinal -- one that uses one pint of water when flushed. Thus, Sloan argued, urinal purchasers would associate the term, pint, with the flush volume of the urinal, not the maker of the urinal, Zurn.In attempting to decide the dispute between the fighting flushers, the federal court applied the so-called primary significance test, used in many cases, including A.J. Canfield Co. v. Honickman. Under the primary significance test, the court determines whether the primary significance of a term in the minds of the consuming public is the product or the producer.The court illustrated the difference by citing E.T. Browne Drug Co. v. Cococare Products, Inc., where the court made the distinction that cola was generic because it described a product, but Pepsi-Cola is not generic because it describes the producer.Zurn disputed the generic label by noting that, in the toilet and urinal industry, flush volumes are described -- not in pints -- but with the terms, gallons per flush (GPF) and liters per flush (LPF). In fact, Zurn claimed the use of gallon and liter by those other wasteful water-hogs in the toilet and urinal industry was precisely why it chose the unique term, pint.However, Sloan countered that pint had become an industry standard, noting that American Standard has used pint and 1 point since 2008, Mansfield Plumbing Products has used 1-pint for its Brevity line of urinals, and Caroma USA had used one pint for its Cube Ultra line of urinals for two years.Unfortunately for Sloan, the court noted that none of those urinal craftsmen had used the term before Zurn introduced the Pint in 2007. In addition, Zurn argued it had been diligent in sending cease and desist letters to the allegedly infringing urinal producers, a requirement for protection under trademark law.To Be ContinuedIn denying motions for summary judgment on most issues, the court held that there were genuine issues of material fact as to whether The Pint was generic. As a result, the case will move forward, and more evidence about urinals and what people call them can enter the hallowed halls of American jurisprudence.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-urinal-trademarks#ixzz1K9cmh600April 10, 2011The Law of Chicken HeadsEmotional injuries and related damages may be one of the most contentious areas of the law, especially when -- as in thisweek''s Case of the Week -- that emotional injury is based on an employer''s forcing a worker to wear a chicken head mask in order to get medical benefits. Yes, this week, we go to Massachusetts to bring you the law of chicken head damages.Poultry ProblemsKaren Cappello worked full-time for Cricket Productions, where she processed orders. Because she was a full-time employee, she asked her boss, Victor Grillo Jr., for medical coverage.Mr. Grillo was very happy to give Ms. Cappello the medical coverage she desired, but it seems there was a catch.Mr. Grillo said Ms. Cappello could have the medical insurance only if she wore a chicken head mask."No head, no payment," Mr. Grillo wrote in an e-mail.We''re not making this up. We couldn''t come up with stuff this good.Even with major medical and hospitalization coverage for her young daughter on the line, Ms. Cappello declined to don the chicken head, which was part of a complete chicken costume kept in the office. You see, according to court papers, the employees at Cricket Productions considered themselves a fun-loving group that often socialized after hours.Apparently, none of the production place''s playful pranksters thought there was anything odd about making a session in the chicken head a prerequisite to health coverage.Ms. Cappello did.Saying she became too depressed to work as a result of the alleged harassment, Ms. Cappello sought medical attention and claimed she was unable to work.Of course, this is the Case of the Week, so you know what happens next.Colonel Sanders or Jack Daniels?Ms. Cappello decided to file a claim for her alleged injuries, and an administrative legal action ensued. Cricket carried no workers compensation coverage, but an administrative law judge held that, because Cricket was doing the business of DTR Advertising, Inc., DTR''s insurer, The Hartford Insurance Co., was liable for Ms. Cappello''s claim.Based on the opinion of her psychiatrist, Mark Cutler, Ms. Cappello argued Mr. Grillo''s alleged chicken head harassment was the predominant contributing cause of her adjustment disorder and major depressive disorder. The administrative law judge agreed and held for Ms. Cappello, but The Hartford appealed, arguing the chicken head incident was not the predominant contributing cause of Ms. Cappello''s alleged injuries.Hartford argued there could be other potential causes for the alleged injuries, and -- on appeal to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Industrial Accidents in the case of Cappello v. DTR Advertising, Inc. -- the judges noted that Ms. Cappello had received previous psychiatric treatment for issues related to a divorce and an alcohol-dependent husband.Ms. Cappello rejected the notion that marital warfare or her husband''s close, personal relationship with Jack Daniels and Johnnie Walker caused her injuries.It was all about that chicken head.Foul fowl?Because of her preoccupation with the perceived harassment at work and her disbelief that she was being asked to do what her employer asked her to do, which she perceived as very humiliating, she has been unable to return to any work for which she is reasonably trained by virtue of her education and job experience, Ms. Cappello''s psychiatrist told the administrative law judges.In a legal ruling sure to shock the San Diego Chicken, Mardi Gras revelers, and others who actually enjoy wearing chicken head masks, the judges sided with Ms. Cappello.Rejecting the insurer''s argument that there were other causes for Ms. Cappellos psychiatric issues, the judges ruled Ms. Cappello had shown those problems were not the cause of her present injuries. Although the judges conceded she had past psychiatric problems, they noted she had not experienced her present symptoms until the chicken head incident.The judges held that Dr. Cutler''s medical opinion satisfied the Massachusetts standard for predominant contributing cause of injuries established in the Massachusetts Appeals Court decision, May''s Case, and the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court decision, Robinson''s Case.In addition, citing Bouras v. Salem Five Cents Savings Bank, the judges held that, because Dr. Cutler''s opinion satisfied the predominant contributing cause standard, the chicken head incident was the only legal cause of her injuries."Because the doctor''s opinion effectively ruled out the previous stressors in the employee''s life as causes of her emotional disability, his opinion can be understood to implicate the events at Cricket Productions as the only cause," the judges wrote.The Massachusetts case of the chicken head was remanded to the lower judge on additional claims Ms. Cappello made, but she was victorious on this day...so was her lawyer.For their efforts on behalf of their client and for furthering the jurisprudence of chicken heads in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the judges awarded Ms. Cappello''s lawyer $1,488.30 in legal fees.__________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-chicken-heads#ixzz1J7TcDYNfApril 1, 2011The Law of April Fools'' JokesFor our April Fools'' Day edition of the Case of the Week, we visit the California Court of Appeal, which supplies us with a case touching on constitutional law, contracts, defamation, and, of course, the law of April Fools'' jokes. Not surprisingly, our case involves Sasha Baron Cohen, known popularly as Borat and Ali G.A 2004 episode of Mr. Cohen''s British television show got his network into a bit of trouble, and it had to pay the alleged target of his jokes $90,000. When the infuriated supposed subject came back for more, it ended up in American court, raising the question: could a reasonable viewer take the show seriously, resulting in a judgment for defamation?The Art of AmendingOn a 1987 youth trip to Israel, Sasha Baron Cohen began a friendship with a woman known only as "Jane Doe" in court proceedings. The friends lost touch over the years, but Ms. Doe followed Mr. Cohen''s increasingly successful career as a comedian, and, apparently, Mr. Cohen never forgot Ms. Doe''s real name.On the Aug. 15, 2004, episode of Mr. Cohen''s television show, Da Ali G Show, Mr. Cohen interviewed the American author, Gore Vidal. Among the topics of conversation were the United States Constitution and the practice of amending it.Mr. Cohen asked Mr. Vidal if it were not sometimes better to get rid of something rather than amending it. As an example, Mr. Cohen referred to Ms. Doe. Using her real name and referring to her with a term also used to describe a female dog, he said Ms. Doe was always trying to amend herself by such means as highlighting her hair, adorning herself with tattoos, and shaving her private regions.Mr. Cohen said Ms. Doe''s amending was for naught because he dumped her after he impregnated her. (Ms. Doe denied her relationship with Mr. Cohen was ever romantic or sexual in nature.)Given what Mr. Cohen claimed were Ms. Doe''s unsuccessful attempts at amending herself, he reasoned that amending anything -- including the Constitution of the United States -- was ill-advised.With no apologies to Vidal Sassoon, the people of the Eastern Hemisphere, or George Washington, in his role as Ali G, Mr. Cohen went on to suggest that Mr. Vidal was an internationally famous hairstylist, that euthanasia was a means of exterminating the elderly in Asia, and that Denzel Washington resided at Mount Vernon.Ms. Doe was not amused.Costly ComedyDa Ali G Show was produced by Britain''s Channel Four Television Corp. and distributed in the United States by HBO. After complaints from Ms. Doe, HBO settled with her in 2004 for $40,000. As part of the settlement, HBO agreed to edit the episode so Ms. Doe''s name would be removed in any future broadcasts.Well, Ms. Doe''s fame -- or infamy, depending on ones perspective -- continued. When HBO presented the episode on Comcast, it left Ms. Doe''s name in the airing of the show, resulting in another settlement with Ms. Doe in 2006 with the same terms as the 2004 settlement, except this time Ms. Doe received an additional $50,000 payday.Nevertheless, viewers of Da Ali G Show had not heard the last of Ms. Doe.When a friend of Ms. Doe''s saw the unedited version -- that would be the one with Ms. Doe''s name -- on YouTube after the second settlement, he contacted her, and they discovered a viewer in Estonia had uploaded the clip from Finnish television, which had received the unedited version from Channel Four.No more settlements. Ms. Doe decided to take her battle to court.The Law of April Fools''Ms. Doe sued HBO and Mr. Cohen in California state court, and later added Channel Four as a defendant. She sued on multiple grounds, including libel, slander, breach of contract, invasion of privacy, and negligent infliction of emotional distress.Channel Four moved for summary judgment -- a legal ruling where one side wins the case before it even gets to trial -- arguing, among other things, that no reasonable person could have understood Mr. Cohen''s statements as factual.The trial court sided with Channel Four."No reasonable person could consider the statements made by Ali G on the program to be factual. To the contrary, it is obvious that the Ali G character is absurd and all his statements are gibberish and intended as comedy. The actor, Sacha Baron Cohen, never strays from the Ali G character, who is dressed in a ridiculous outfit and speaks in an exaggerated manner of a rap artist. Ali G''s statements are similarly absurd," the trial court said.Ms. Doe appealed, but she fared no better with the Californi''s Second District Court of Appeal in Doe v. Channel Four Television Corp. Citing cases involving comedian Robin Williams and an April Fools'' joke, the appellate court agreed that no reasonable person could have taken Mr. Cohen seriously. Thus, the court held, there was no defamation.In the case involving Robin Williams, Polygram Records, Inc. v. Superior Court, California''s Third District Court of Appeal held there was no defamation when Mr. Williams did a skit where a wine distributor complained that there was white wine and red wine, but no black wine.The court noted Mr. Williams said the so-called black wine was tough enough to be advertised by Mean Joe Green, was black in color, tasted like urine, and went with anything it damn well pleased. The court added that no reasonable person could have taken Mr. Williams seriously and that to hold the skit defamatory would run afoul of the First Amendment.Likewise, in San Francisco Bay Guardian, Inc. v. Superior Court, California''s First District Court of Appeal held there was no defamation when, in its April Fools'' Day edition, the San Francisco Bay Guardian newspaper ran a fictitious letter from a landlord stating that he found his tenants who had undergone electroshock therapy where much more cooperative because no reasonable person would take the fake letter seriously.Today''s legal lesson is thateven if it involves an electroshocked tenant with shaved privates drinking black wineits tough to win a defamation action against a comedian.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/law-april-fools-jokes#ixzz1ISyc57fbMarch 27, 2011The Law of Cantaloupes and Inflatable SharksHave you ever been really impressed by marketing displays constructed at your local store, where industrious employees create displays of commerce only slightly less impressive than the Taj Mahal?Well, Joyce Henderson may have felt that way before she broke her hip falling before a marketing temple of stacked cantaloupes at her local supermarket.Adding insult to injury, Ms. Henderson lost again in this week''s Case of the Week as the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma grappled with the weighty issue of whether cantaloupes are the legal equivalent of inflatable sharks for premises liability purposes.Cantaloupes of DoomThe story of Henderson v. Harps Food Stores, Inc., began on a fine June day in 2009 when Ms. Henderson visited the Harps Food Store in Fort Gibson, Okla. Harps employees had created a display of cantaloupes, which was actually a giant octagon of wholesome, fruity goodness.Harps displayed the cantaloupes in large cardboard containers resting on a wooden pallet. The cardboard containers were roughly square in shape with the corners slightly recessed, forming the muskmelon octagon.Ms. Henderson admitted spotting the pallet beneath the pile, and even considered the pesky pallets potential as a pitfall. Nevertheless, she plowed ahead.While examining one of the succulently sweet cantaloupes, Ms. Henderson''s foot caught on the pallet, and she hurt her hip hitting Harps'' hard floor.The stage was now set for Ms. Henderson and Harps to debate the jurisprudence of cantaloupes vis-a-vis inflatable sharks.Ms. Henderson sued Harps in Oklahoma state court in a tort action, alleging Harps was negligent in its dangerous display of the killer cantaloupes and in its negligent failure to warn customers of its alleged fruity booby trap.Harps removed the case to federal court and filed a motion for summary judgment, arguing it was not liable because the exposed cantaloupe pallet was an open and obvious condition.Generally, under Oklahoma premises liability law, which applied even though the case was in federal court, businesses are not liable for damages sustained from these so-called open and obvious conditions. However, there is a possible exception in the law for conditions or defects visible but unseen by a plaintiff.Ms. Henderson and Harps battled over the case law. For instance, both parties cited the Oklahoma Supreme Court case of Phelps v. Hotel Mgmt., Inc., where an unsuspecting patron hit her head on a decorative glass bowl that protruded into the seating area of a hotel lobby.Sure, the thing was open and obvious in the literal sense, but the court in Phelps held a reasonably prudent person might not have noticed the risk of injury from the protrusion of funky art into the seating area and -- for the condition to be open and obvious as a matter of law -- the potential for injury must also be noticeable.The court in Henderson rejected Ms. Henderson''s reliance on Phelps and another court decision, Zagal v. Truckstops Corp. of Am., a case where things went horribly awry in the aisle of a truck stop. The court held those cases did not apply to Ms. Henderson''s case of the killer cantaloupes because -- not only did Ms. Henderson see the open and obvious collection of cantaloupes -- she knew it posed possible danger.However, all hope was not lost for Ms. Henderson. It was time for her lawyers to launch a legal shark attack.But could an inflatable shark really save Ms. Henderson''s case?Shark TaleMs. Henderson''s attorneys cited the Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals case of Hansen v. Academy, Ltd., where Kimberly Hansen, an unsuspecting customer, was apparently in awe of a large inflatable shark that was part of a boat display on the sidewalk in front of an Academy sporting goods store.So mesmerized by the inflatable shark was Ms. Hansen that she proceeded to walk straight into the tongue of the boat, causing her to trip and break both her arms. Ms. Hansen sued Academy, but a trial court ruled for the sporting goods store, holding that the boat tongue was an open and obvious condition.But, remember...Jaws had a sequel.Ms. Hansen appealed, and the intermediate appellate court ruled for her. Noting an Academy employee testified the purpose of the inflatable shark was to get people''s attention, the appellate court reversed the trial court''s grant of summary judgment to Academy, holding that, although the boat tongue was visible, the plastic, air-filled fish of terror changed the legal outcome."The evidence certainly raised a question of fact as to whether Academy intended for its customers to devote their attention to the merchandise on display rather than to the sidewalk," the appellate court held in Hansen. Unfortunately for Ms. Henderson, U.S. District Judge James Payne wasn''t buying the shark argument in her case.Noting that arrows on the cantaloupe boxes actually pointed to exposed pallet on cantaloupe display, Judge Payne held the inflatable shark case didn''t apply."Because the cantaloupe display actually drew attention to the alleged hazardous condition, the Hansen case is distinguishable and does not provide an exception to the open and obvious rule," the judge wrote.The lesson of our Case of the Week? Apparently, at least in Oklahoma, a cornucopia of cantaloupes provides no exception to the open and obvious rule...but, an inflatable shark does._______________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/law-cantaloupes-and-inflatable-sharks#ixzz1HonZsGj9March 13, 2011The Sixth Amendment and another Texas Chicken Ranchby David HorriganIn the film adaptation of the Broadway musical, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, Burt Reynolds, playing a Texas sheriff, falls in love with Dolly Parton, portraying the good-natured, warm-hearted proprietor of a local brothel. That theatrical house of ill-repute was based on a real life bordello known as the La Grange Chicken Ranch.Although many local residents supported the Chicken Ranch -- and the entertainment and tax dollars it brought to Greater La Grange -- its closing involved law enforcement at the highest levels of Texas government.For those whove always wanted yet another sequel, we have one for you. It doesn''t have Ms. Parton, Mr. Reynolds...or even Dom DeLuise. What is does have is an intriguing question of constitutional law, which is why it gets to be our Case of the Week.Texas cathouse jurisprudence now considers: Does memory loss render a witness absent for purposes of the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution?Before we get to any of that legal stuff in the case of Woodall v. Texas, let''s take a look at the story of the latest little whorehouse in Texas.Naughty HaremPhyllis Anne Woodall may or may not have a lot in common with Dolly Parton''s Best Little Whorehouse in Texas character, Miss Mona Stangley, but Texas prosecutors alleged they were in the same profession.Ms. Woodall was the co-owner and operator of the Naked Harem, an El Paso, Tex., establishment some would refer to euphemistically as a "gentlemen''s club." Ms. Woodall and her business partner, Jeannie Coutta, ran a strip joint empire, El Paso Cosmopolitan, which not only operated the Naked Harem, but also its sibling club, the El Paso Cosmopolitan Topless Show Bar.Sadly for the ladies and their clients, those Texas prosecutors thought they were having a little too much fun.After repeated incidents of alleged prostitution at the Naked Harem, authorities arrested the ladies, charging Ms. Woodall with aggravated promotion of prostitution and engaging in organized criminal activity.At trial, prosecutors called dancers who testified prostitution was plentiful at the club, while Naked Harem loyalists testifying for Ms. Woodall cited Naked Harem policy forbidding dancers from having sex with its gentile clientele. Ms. Woodall then called a dancer, Lucia Pinedo, to testify.It was a bad move.Forget Me NotMs. Pinedo testified she sustained memory loss after an automobile accident and that she could not remember her prior testimony before a grand jury -- nor could she remember even being part of the Naked Harem. However, when Ms. Pinedo didn''t show up for a subsequent day of the trial, prosecutors -- over Ms. Woodall''s objections -- read her grand jury testimony for the jury.Before the grand jury, Ms. Pinedo had testified she had sex with patrons many times in the club''s private rooms, and -- in an unfortunate turn of events for Ms. Woodall -- Ms. Pinedo testified that, although she lied about her age to Naked Harem staffers, she was only 15-years-old when she began dancing at the club. To make matters worse, Ms. Pinedo contradicted the testimony of one of Ms. Woodall''s managers who said Ms. Pinedo showed a birth certificate as part of her identification upon being hired.Instead, in a moment worthy of X-rated versions of High School Musical or Glee, Ms. Pinedo testified her identification to get her job as an exotic entertainer was not her birth certificate, but was, in fact, her high school ID card.As they did with the La Grange Chicken Ranch, the good people of Texas may turn the other cheek when it was just a bunch of adults having consenting, albeit illegal, fun...prostitution by 15-year-olds is a very different story.After prosecutors made numerous references to Ms. Pinedo''s impressionable youth during closing arguments, the jury sentenced Ms. Woodall to 16 years in prison.Ms. Woodall appealed, arguing, among other things, that introducing Ms. Pinedo''s grand jury testimony was a violation of Ms. Woodall''s rights under the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution because Ms. Pindeo''s memory loss prevented Ms. Woodall from being able to cross-examine her.Constitutional ConfrontationA Texas intermediate appellate court reversed the trial court and sided with Ms. Woodall, holding that allowing prosecutors to read Ms. Pinedo''s grand jury testimony to jurors despite her memory loss violated Ms. Woodall''s Sixth Amendment Rights because the State used out-of-court testimonial statements [the grand jury testimony] about which the declarant [Ms. Pinedo] could not be cross-examined due to memory loss.The state argued also that, because Ms. Woodall refused the trial judge''s offer to issue a so-called writ of attachment forcing Ms. Pinedo to return to continue her testimony, Ms. Woodall was precluded from arguing Ms. Pinedo was absent for Confrontation Clause purposes.However, Ms. Woodall argued that Ms. Pinedo''s memory loss made recalling her futile, and the intermediate appellate court agreed."She did not remember giving the grand jury statement, nor could she remember working at the Naked Harem. A writ of attachment would not have changed Pinedo from an absent witness into a witness available for trial and examination. Her undisputed testimony about the car accident and resulting memory loss established that she was unavailable as a witness regarding the relevant subject matter," the intermediate appellate court held.Yet, in another legal twist, on Mar. 2, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the states highest court for criminal matters, reversed the intermediate appellate court on both issues.First, citing three U.S. Supreme Court decisions, California v. Green, Delaware v. Fensterer, and United States v. Owens, the Texas high court rejected the argument that a Confrontation Clause violation could be based on witness memory loss.Second, Ms. Pinedo''s memory loss notwithstanding, the court held Ms. Woodall''s failure to take the trial judge up on the offer to haul Ms. Pinedo back into court was fatal to her Confrontation Clause argument. The court said Ms. Woodard induced the alleged error of which she now complains, and she may not argue on appeal that her confrontation rights were violated.In the movie, Burt and Dolly went off happily into the sunset. It doesn''t look as though thats happening here._________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/sixth-amendment-and-another-texas-chicken-ranch#ixzz1HaDgOkKeMarch 6, 2011Labor, Lassie, and the LawIts been a tough week for the First Amendment and labor unions, but perhaps not for puppies.In this space, we attempt to look at the lighter side of the law, but there''s just nothing funny about a Marine making the ultimate sacrifice for his country or alleged followers of Jesus thinking the Messiah wants them desecrating other people''s religious services. However, Americas courts never let us down when we need comic relief, and free speech cases are no exceptionThis week, California''s Second District Court of Appeal ruled on a particularly perplexing constitutional quandary. It''s a question not yet addressed in the current labor unrest in Wisconsin:Does labor union speech enjoy greater constitutional protection than speech about puppies?Well give you the court''s answer in Best Friends Animal Socy v. Macherich Westside Pavilion Prop., LLC, in a moment, but let''s start off by saying that -- not unlike fallen heroes and violated funerals -- theres nothing funny about animal abuse or unfair labor practices. Nevertheless, what we''ve got here is an appellate court of law weighing the constitutional rights of terriers versus Teamsters.Puppies and PicketersThe Best Friends Animal Society does good work. Not only does the Utah-based organization have adoption programs for dogs and cats, it has programs for parrots and pigs as well. In addition, it operates an animal sanctuary, and its Pup My Ride program transports dogs from overpopulated areas to places where they are more likely to find homes.Best Friends also operates the Puppies Aren''t Products campaign with the stated goals of fighting against so-called puppy mills and irresponsible breeding.One of the weapons in Puppies Arent Products arsenal is the staging of protests at shopping malls where the evil puppy mills alleged middle men -- the pet shops -- attempt to sell their canine cargo.Although Puppies Arent Products bills its mission as a fight against the puppy mills, unlike more militant animal rights groups, Puppies Arent Products stresses the peaceful nature of its protests...a Gandhi for golden retrievers, if you will.Peaceful or not, one shopping center didn''t want to give the puppy protesters free rein over its establishment. When Puppies Arent Products targeted the Barkworks Pups & Stuff store at Los Angeles Westside Pavilion, the owners of the mall swung into action.Not unlike abortion protesters at a Democratic convention or anti-war protesters at a Republican convention, the puppy protesters were confined to undesirable areas -- in this case, mall space far away from Barkworks. Incidentally, Barkworks denies its dogs come from puppy mills, stating it takes great pride in having built a reputation of bringing healthy, happy puppies to loving families and homes.Look for the Union Label?Westside Pavilion had rules about when people could protest in its common areas. The rules applied to so-called noncommercial expressive activity, and covered various forms of expression, such as political and religious speech, soliciting for signatures on petitions, and the dissemination of noncommercial leaflets and fliers.The rules were what constitutional lawyers call content neutral, meaning the rules didnt vary depending on what a speaker was saying. There was just one catch.Labor unions got special treatment.The mall had special rules for qualified labor activity, which was defined, in part, as activity authorized by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) or applicable state labor laws.Non-labor expressive activity -- such as the puppy protest -- was limited to certain areas of the mall and was subject to certain blackout days, days when no protests were allowed, such as the busy business days of Valentines Day, Halloween, and the Christmas shopping season.In contrast, labor expressive activity had no blackout dates, and the workers'' expression could take place near the targeted, allegedly union-busting establishment.The litigating Lassie lawyers saw this distinction as the way to get the puppy protesters within pawsteps of the alleged villains at Barkworks.Collies in CourtBest Friends sued Westside Pavilion''s owners in California state court, arguing the mall''s restrictions violated the free speech provisions of article I, section 2 of the California Constitution. Specifically, Best Friends argued, among other things, that it was unconstitutional for the mall to give labor union protesters preferential treatment over the Puppies Arent Products protesters.Westside Pavilion countered that the restrictions passed constitutional muster and that the mall was forced to give labor union protesters special treatment in order to comply with state and federal labor law.The mall won the first round when California Superior Court Judge Linda Lefkowitz ruled against the puppy protesters, holding that, under the 1997 California appellate decision, Union of Needletrades, Indus. & Textile. Emp. v. Superior Court, the shopping mall was within its rights to limit the activities of the puppy protesters and that the NLRA and state law required the mall to make special accommodations for labor protesters.But, this dogfight wasnt over.Best Friends appealed and found a more fur-friendly tribunal in California''s Second District Court of Appeal. In a 3-0 decision on Mar. 2, the appellate court overturned Judge Lefkowitz, and ruled in favor of the puppy protesters.The appellate court rejected the holding of the case on which Judge Lefkowitz relied and instead followed two other California appellate decisions, H-CHH Associates. v. Citizens for Representative Government and Snatchko v. Westfield LLC, in holding the mall could not restrict the puppy protesters in the manner it sought, and it rejected the mall''s preferential treatment of labor protesters.The appellate court said the mall suggests that the law compels it to discriminate. But federal and state laws do not require shopping malls to give labor speech more access to common areas than political and other types of free speech.Celebrating its victory and the apparent end of Puppies Arent Products banishment to the dark corners of the mall where one wouldn''t expect to find Jennifer Grey, Best Friends issued a statement entitled, Nobody Puts Baby in a Corner.______________________________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner:http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/labor-lassie-and-law
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COUNTDOWN TO 666 - TvFoutreach
How to count the # of the Beast
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Oba Dogon SSS -  The 420-411 Mission: To be an source of information about the social, emotional, medical, economic, environmental and industrial benefits of utilizing cannabis and to provide a forum where people can share their views on cannabis,.   The 420-411 provides local, national, international cannabis news pluse information about industry trends, jobs, and culture.The hope is that cannabis policies will be based on science and truth instead of misinformation, anecdotes, and anti-cannabis propaganda. Now, let’s end cannabis prohibition and benefit from, “The International Cannabis Industry”, together. _____________________________________________________________________     California''s Cannabis Industry Needs a MiracleBy: Chaz Walker     Leafly, reported that temporary licenses issued to 6,924 legal growers are expiring right now.  Only 500 annual or provisional cannabis licenses have approved by the California Department of Food and Agriculture.  The licenses are required to legally grow and sell cannabis in California.     The Leafly report suggested that at the current rate that the California Department of Food and Agriculture  is approving licenses only 1000-1500 of the 6,924 legal growers can legally operate.  Jackie McGowan, at K Street Consulting, licensing expert said, “This is a crisis”.      The supply will drop sharply if policies are changed to permit legal growers to operate.  Leafly cited Cody Bass , a city council member and dispensary operator in South Lake Tahoe, CA, “If something doesn’t happen, it seems our supply is essentially going to go away,”        An official from the CDFA, said the system is back-logged with about 3,300 annual applications to review, but the agency wants the industry to succeed. The imapct on diverrsity in an industry where equity and inclusions are isses is a concern people of color.            The timing could not be worst for small artisan farms and other growers who specilize in outdoor cannabis crops.  April is traditionally consisdered pre-planting time in the weed world.  It is when preparations are made and equipment and supplies are secured to begin  planting in mid May.  "It is difficult ot effectively plan if you not sure you will be able to legally conduct business", said M.L Smith who owns on the few black women owned artisan farms.        1,743 temp licenses have expired this year, but by the end of april another 4,000 tempary licenses will exspire.  as these license expire they remove hundreds of acres of cannabis from the supply chain.  1,745 expired licenses equals about 428 acres of weed that will not be grown this season.       Ultimatley is the medical patients and adult/recreational users who will suffer most,by being denied access to safe affordable medicine.  The licnesing snafu could result in thousands of cannibis customers going to underground blackmarket for marijuana.________________________________________________________________________Governor Turns to President Trump For Money To Fight  War On DrugsBy< Ch     California is getting serious about protecting its tax revenues from the sale of cannabis.  As recreational cannabis use became legal in 2018 the black-market grew while regulations, high taxes, mis-calculations slowed the growth the legal industry according to many consumers and cannabis company owners.  In 2018 the California collected approximately $345 million in excise and cultivation taxes on the sale of legal marijuana.  Jerry Brown former governor of California forecast that the state could $643 million in taxes from cannabis sales.     The state is declaring war on all un-licensed pot farms. Governor Gavin Newsom is asking the Trump administration for funds to deploy the National Guard troops to combat illegal growers.  According to a report by NBC News, Gov. Gavin Newsom wants the Trump administration to help pay for an additional 150 soldiers and airmen from the California National Guard for the expanded counterdrug operations.  NBC News reported that the state feels the legal cannabis market is threatened by the underground black-market also known as the OG market.       In February 2019 Governor Newsom announced that he would, “ give a boost the National Guard’s statewide Counterdrug Task Force by redeploying up north to go after illegal cannabis farms, many of which are run by cartels. ” He said the illegal crops “are devastating our pristine forests, and are increasingly becoming fire hazards themselves.”  According the NBC News Report.       Karen J, 29 years old, a (medical user) in Berkley, CA said that “I am all for legal cannabis, the prices are hella fucking high, I don’t’ like that.  But I want my weed and edibles tested, so I pay for safety.”     Stew C, 33 years old, Oakland, CA, “ It is an expensive place to live in the town.  I need to save money where I can. So at sesh, ( un-licensed cannabis flea market, I can get a an eighth of flowers of 25 bucks instead of $67 at the dispensery.”       The war on drugs destroyed communities color throughout California in 1980''s and 1990''s.  In the 2000''s the drug war continued to rip the heart of these communities by inposing sentences on people that kept them imprisoned for decades. The lastest round of the drug war has African American and Lationo community leaders concered about the impact it will have on folks of color.     In 2017, 660,000 people were arrested for cannabis law violations. 91% of those people were arrested for possession alone (not manufacturing or trafficking) and 47% of those people were Black or Latino.  The American Civil Liberties Union report The War on Marijuana In Black and White (2013) concluded: "[O]n average, a Black person is 3.73 times more likely to be arrested for marijuana possession than a white person, even though Blacks and whites use marijuana at similar rates.  The equity and inclusion movenent within the legal cannabis industry is an attempt to repair the damage left in the wake of state and federal drug wars.  Does the governor of California  support equity and inclusion? I do not know.   Cannabis Dispensaries and Delivery ServicesOakland, CaliforniaNamePhoneWebsiteHoursHarborside(888) 994-2726https://www.shopharborside.com/M-Sun 10AM-8PMThe Peoples Dispensary 510.957.5153https://www.mytpd.com/oakland/M-Sn  3PM-8:30PMPurple Heart Patient Center(510) 625-7877www.purpleheartpc.orgM-F 8-8  Sat/Sun 9-8Cannabis Buyers Club(510) 849-4201http://www.mybpg.com/M-Sun 9AM-9PMBlunts and Moore(510) 347-3420https://www.bluntsandmoore.com/M-Sun 10AM-9PMMagnolia Oakland(510) 628-2119https://www.magnoliaoakland.org/M-Sun 9AM-9PMBlum Oakland Dispensary (510) 338-3632https://www.letsblum.com/M-Sn 10AM-10PMPhytologie(510) 454-9779phytologieoakland.com/M-Sun 9AM-PMOakland Community Partners(510) 835-2151N/AM-Sun 10AM-8PMCannabis on Fire(510) 550-3850https://cannabisonfire.com/W-Sun 11AM-6PMWeed Now(510) 244-8836https://www.getweednow.co/M-Sun 9AM-2AMTresti(510) 788-7584https://www.trestl.com/M-Sat 11Am-9PM_______________________________________________________________________   Thailand''s Move to Access International Cannabis Markets By:  Chaz Walker     Thailand, which is legendary to old school tokers for a true classic, and one of my favorite strains of marijuana, "Thai-Stick", is the first East Asian nation to approve the use of medical cannabis.  The New York Times reported that, on December 26th, 2018 by a vote of 166 to 0, with 13 abstentions, Parliament approved both the medical use of cannabis and cannabis research.  The vote to amend the Narcotic Act of 1979, was a huge signal that cannabis policy in Southeast Asian nations may be shifting.    Chairman of the drafting committee, Somchai Sawangkam, said "This is a New Year''s gift from the National Legislative Assembly to government and Thai people."     To become the law of the land, the legislation must be approved by King Maha Vajiralongkorn.  He is the nation''s monarch.  The King''s support will enable patients battling Parkingon''s disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, cancer pain, and experiencing chemotherapy side effects to legally grow, possess and use cannabis.  Maha Vajiralongkorn has been Thailand''s official monarch for two years following the death of his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 2016.     To be protected, patients need a prescription from Medical doctors or traditional healers.  The law authorizes doctors to prescribe cannabis.  Then patients must obtain cannabis ID cards from the government.  Purveyors, producers and researchers will need licenses to work with cannabis in Thailand legally.       This shift in cannabis policy is major.  Thailand and several other nations in this part of the world have had some of the strictest laws prohibiting cannabis use and possession on earth.  Dealing marijuana can result in the death penalty if convicted in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.  Possession of 10 kilograms or less of cannabis in Thailand, for recreational use  carries a penalty of up to five years in prison if convicted.  Unfortunately, the United States stance on cannabis influences Thai drug policy.  Since 1930, when cannabis policies in the United States changed, Thailand''s laws have become more severe.  The current policies are a result of a 1979 cannabis law.     Forbes magazine reported that prior to the ban, cannabis was used for medical purposes, as herb in food.  and the fibers in the plant were used to make fabric that became clothing.  In the same Forbes article, Dr. Janelle Kim, Founder & Chief Formulator of JBK Wellness Labs wrote, "Beginning thousands of years ago, the healing properties of cannabis were used to help balance a variety of conditions-from calming the mind and body,l, to balancing digestive disorders, easing pain and fatigue, among others."  Marijuana is one of the 50 Fundamental Herbs of Chinese Medicine and its use dates back 4000 years.      The legislation approved by the Thai Parliament also protects Thai owned companies'' rights to develop the nation''s cannabis industry.  According to a Bloomberg article by Natnicha Chuweiuch, published December 18, 2018, Thailand is considering exporting cannabis/marijuana.  Chuweiuch wrote, "With its good growing climate and as a hub for shipping and medicine, Thailand is viewed as a low-cost place to produce marijuana and then export it."     Patents filed by foreign companies may have also motivated the Thai Parliament to act.  However, leaders had concerns about Thai companies being pushed out of the emerging global cannabis industry.  Bloomberg reportedthat therefore, the government seeks to first award the rights to produce, extract and research the plant to Thai companies.       Other countries in the region that are re-examining cannabis policies include South Korea, and New Zealand, which permit medical cannabis use.  The Malaysian government is considering changing its laws to permit medical use.  This is a clear sign that views on the medical properties of cannabis are changing all over the world.  In the 21st century, more and more policy decisions are based on hard science and truth instead of misinformation and anti-cannabis propaganda._________________________________________________________________________Older Folks, Easing Racial Tension...Puff, Puff, Pass...ChillBy L. Green                                                      Shit got real in Oakland in the Spring of 2018on the racial front in Oakland and ther Greater Bay Area. I am happy to say, I am hella pleased with the way the whole entire Bay Area took a stand to demand respect for everyone regardless of race, gender; age or religion or what ever.  We are all humans and we are all entitled to respect as such. One several occasions, this spring, when racism showed up, the Bay said hell no, not here, not now.     It began with a local cannabis communty Facebook page censoring a heated and brutally honest conversation about race.  Then there was BBQ Becky.  Then before the BBQ Becky had settles there was the "Permit Patty" incident.        Each time the   Bay Area Cannabis Community and Industry was on point.  We all stood on the side of respect and common decency.  We sactioned our own, demanding better of them when they came up short.  Even if it meant loosing a few dollars because of our community principles.  As racial tension was brewing all over America, and tempers flaring, a group of cannabis loving senier citizens were, smoking chilling and having grand time. Race, gender, economic status, none that mattered.  They share their cannabis and socialize like it is the thing to do.  You know something they are right. It is the thing to do.       I learned about the group in the late spring 2018.  I was invited to a monthly meeting that is held at EVB in the Uptown section of Oakland.  They number about  24 depending on the weather.  As I entered the meeting area I was greeted by the smell of some super potent herb.  I quickly learned that these OGs were serious about cannabis and very well informed.  Some folks just loved good weed and others owned cannabis or worked for cannabis businesses.  Many people retired from professions that we don''t generally associate with cannabis.  I spoke to a few nurses, an attorney, a retired fireman and a guy with two degrees from Harvard University.  I learned a lot from an old school grower about sativa vs indica and which is better for pain mangement. Hella cool.________________________________________________________________________Oakland Weed for Warriors Project Saving Lives By: Chaz Walker      In 2019 most people in America agree that cannabis is medicine and that lives are being saved by this sacred plant.  Our veterans often come back from the battle fields with both visible and invisible wounds, that cause them so much pain, some choose to take their lives. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD is taking its toll on those who fought to defend the freedoms that all of us enjoy.          In 2013, the Veterans Administrations released a study examining the impact of suicides among veterans from 1999-2010.  The study revealed that one United States veteran commits suicide every 65 minutes.  That is 22 veterans per day, or 8,030 per year, or 80,300 per decade.         There is help for veterans in Oakland, and we must get the word out.   The Weed for Warriors Project is a national organization bringing vets together.  There are thirteen chapters.  I interviewed Brian the president of the Oakland Chapter at an event organized to feed the home on Thanksgiving Day.  I learned great deal.  Chaz: Brian, what does the Weed for Warriors Project do?  Brian: “The Weed for Warriors Project in Oakland, CA holds monthly meetings to bring veterans together and helps them get off prescription pills and use cannabis, a much safer and more effective medication that is helping to save veterans lives all over the country.”  Chaz: How does cannabis impact the lives of veterans with PTSD, (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)?    Brian: “Prescription pills causes veterans to isolate and isolation is the number one cause of veteran’s suicide.   Cannabis can relieve some anxiety and encourages them to socialize with other vets who can relate to their situation.  There is huge cannabis community in Oakland. Veterans are able integrate into that community a feel a part of it. Cannabis is the only thing keeping them calm and helping them sleep, eat good and live more healthy lives. Prescription pills are doing the exact opposite. “   Chaz: What can the public do to support the organization?      Brian: “Everyone can help by calling, sending emails and letters to the Governor, Gavin Newsom, encouraging him to sign Senate Bill 829 which will allow cannabis companies to donate medicine to organizations like ours, (Weed for Warriors Project), and compassion programs tax free. Compassion programs give away weed for free to people who cannot afford to buy it.  As the law stands now the state requires compassion programs to pay millions in taxes on something they are giving away. “         In California there are Weed fo Warriors Project chapters in Oakland, Sacramento, Fresno, San Jose, Orange County, San Diego, and the Inland Empire region.  Florida has Weed for Warriors Project Chapters in Miami, Lake City, and Tampa.  There is also a chapter in Las Vegas, Nevada and one in Wisconsin. Contacts for each chapter can be found on the website.          Please let the veterans in your life know that there is support for them.  For more information about the Weed for Warriors Project, vsisit the website,  https://www.wfwproject.org/participate/chapters/.   
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Microbiologist| Leishmaniasis| Toxoplasmosis| AIDS |
Prof. Sarman Singh is a self-made person, who hails from a very small village of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He always thought of doing some welfare work for the country, which benefits not only his community but all the poor and downtrodden. After obtaining MBBS degree from KGMC, Lucknow and MD from PGIMER, Chandigarh, in 1991, he joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi as Assistant Professor. The Department he was assigned, had no research and development work and very few basic diagnostic services at that time. However, with his hard work, vision and seer perseverance his specialised division has now developed into a full fledged molecular biology centre of excellence which is very well equipped with most of the modern diagnostic and research tools such Whole Genome Sequencer, 6 laser flow cytometer, Molecular Biology work-station, MB-Bact, MGIT-960, Epicenter, various types of research and fluorescence microscopes, PCR, Real-time PCR, Mini-Mag, , NASBA, gel driers and DNA/RNA extractors, CO2 incubator, various types of centrifuges, biosafety cabinets, ELISA processors, electro-chemiluminescence, VIDAS etc.. The division is catering from very routine to most sophisticated molecular diagnostic services not only to the Institute hospital patients but also to patients of other hospitals in and outside Delhi. The laboratory has received several research grants from Department of Biotechnology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Science and Technology, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, NIH (USA), European Commission, Australia Council, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO etc. Dr. Singh is voracious writer, dedicated researcher, loved teacher by his students, an able administrator and a visionary. This is evident from his high citation index of 6500, i10 index of 141 and h-index of 40. He is an internationally acclaimed medical scientist with outstanding research and academic achievements for his pioneering work in the field of infectious diseases. His work has made high impact on the society both directly and indirectly and saved thousands of lives from diseases and poverty. His contribution to the society has been in two ways: direct and immediate and indirect but long lasting. The immediate impact has been through his inventions and innovations in the field of two major killer infectious diseases- the kala-azar and tuberculosis. Though both diseases affect poor, but kala-azar mainly affects the poorest and down trodden (Singh et al, 2000). Thousands of poor in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh used to die due to kala-azar because the diagnostic methods were very costly for them to afford. The rapid test developed by his team which is highly cost-effective, the number of deaths due to kala-azar has come down. Though Government of India has taken several steps to tackle this disease, but the rapid test kit developed by him played pivotal role. His new inventions including the early diagnosis of tuberculosis and a mosquito proof cooler are on the way of commercialization which will make a dramatic change in the control of Tuberculosis and mosquito borne diseases. Indirect impact of his work has made a significant effect in youths and students across the country. Thousands of students get highly motivated after reading his biography (www.drsarmansingh.com). These youngsters generate confidence that with hard work, perseverance and honesty and scientists even poor students can also excel and contribute in the national building. The main focus of Prof. Sarman Singh's research has been on developing more sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic methods for infectious diseases, particularly those that are difficult to diagnose and treat. Towards this goal, he has made several ground breaking discoveries in the field of pathophysiology of visceral Leishmaniasis or kala-azar. He was the first to develop and patenting a rapid and highly cost-effective diagnostic test for this disease. A novel recombinant antigen (Ld-KE16) was prepared from an Indian strain of L. donovani (Singh & Sivakumar 2003; Sivakumar et al, 2006) ((PCT/IN2003/000400) and the commercial rights of the test were transferred to the M/s Span Diagnostic Pvt Ltd through the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India. The company has made rapid diagnostic test (RDT) kits in various test formats, which were dedicated to the nation by the Honourable Minister of Science & technology, Government of India Shri Kapil Sibal on February 6, 2006 in a glittering ceremony at the Press Club of India. These RDTs have made the invasive and hazardous methods like bone marrow and splenic aspiration dispensable at a very affordable price (Singh 2006). It is a matter of pride that the diagnosis of kala-azar can now be made at a cost of less than Rs. 50 per patient in India using these trailblazing "Made in India" kits. These test kits are exceptionally accurate with 100% specificity and 98% sensitivity. The disease kala-azar mainly affects the poor and down-trodden section of our society (Singh et al, 2000). Till rapid tests were made available, thousands of poor in the states of Bihar, W Bengal and Uttar Pradesh were dying due to this disease because of non-availability of sensitive, cost-effective and point-of-care diagnostic methods. It may be mentioned that with the availability of this revolutionary test, the number of kala-azar deaths has come down significantly - thanks to the Government of India for their active surveillance, and free treatment combined with the RDT kit developed by Dr. Singh that played a pivotal role in the national kala-azar elimination program. This cutting edge technology is also saving of millions of dollars of the Indian Government every year on foreign exchange. This is the first ever-indigenous invention by a medical scientist, which is become an integral part of any national disease elimination programme. This invention received high appreciation and applauds from the WHO (WR-India, as chair of the award selection committee) in the BMJ Research and Innovation excellence award distribution ceremony while announcing the award to Dr. Sarman Singh. Beside the above, this work has been recognised by the prominent science agencies of India, notably the Department of Biotechnology (Product, process and Commercialisation award); Indian Council of Medical Research (Dr. BK Aikat Award); Medical Council of India (Dr. BC Roy Award); Government of Uttar Pradesh (Vigyan Ratna Award); Indian Medical Association (Med-Achiever Award); Delhi Medical Association (Chikitsa Ratna Award); Indian Society of Parasitology (Dr. BP Pandey Oration Award); Indian Association of Tropical Parasitology (Outstanding Researcher in Parasitology); Indus Foundation (Innovation Excellence Award); Society for Immunology and Immunopathology (Life Time achievement Award) and many more. The issue of reservoirs of visceral leishmaniasis in India has remained dogmatic. The dictum has been that only post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) patients serve as reservoirs and there are no animal reservoirs in India, in contrast to the well-known animal reservoirs world-wide. In a spearheading study Dr. Singh working on the premise that in several areas where there are no PKDL cases (Dey et al, 2007), the outbreaks or sporadic cases of VL do occur (Singh et a, 2011). Furthermore, using novel PCR primers (PCT/IN2004/000395) his team also found that VL and PKDL strains are genetically different and both strains have differences in the anti-leishmanial drug susceptibility pattern (Mishra et al 2011). Therefore, in a radical approach, his team investigated thousands of animals in endemic areas as well as in non-endemic areas and found that goats are very potent animal reservoirs of VL in India (Singh et al 2013). These findings are bound to make drastic deviation in the kala-azar elimination programme of India. The whole genome sequence (WGS) of several isolates of Leishmania donovani from VL patients has been sequenced, but it is a matter of pride that Dr. Sarman Singh became the first in the world to carry out the WGS of the PKDL strain of Leishmania. The sequence alignment data showed significant differences in the genome of PKDL strain as compared to VL strains (Gupta et al, 2015). The WGS also revealed a revolutionary finding that a major portion of a saprophytic bacterial (Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1) genome gets integrated into the genome of PKDL strain. On the basis of this discovery new biological phenomenon has been postulated, thereby this integration could be the triggering factor to manifest the two strains differently (the viscerotropic form becoming dermotropic). This landmark discovery also proved his old hypothesis, that Leishmania donovani undergoes in-vivo hybridization to manifest as PKDL. These findings will go a long way in the eradication of old dogma about PKDL. India has distinction of having maximum cases of HIV, TB and Leishmaniasis. In an in-depth invited review in International Journal of Infectious Diseases Dr. Singh discusses the current scenario of HIV-leishmania co-infection and factors that contributed to help quell this duo, in contrast to the other co-endemic countries (Singh, 2014). However, the Leishmania and TB both are co-endemic in several parts of eastern India. It is also known that approximately 20% VL patients will have concomitant or subsequent Tuberculosis but there is no effective vaccine for these infections. Considering this as a major research challenge, for the first time his team prepared a self-cleaving chimeric DNA vaccine which can be used against both TB and visceral leishmaniasis (Dey et al, 2008). This cutting edge innovation has been patented globally (PCT/IN2009/000093). The department of Biotechnology who funded and licensed this this work, observed this invention as of high commercial value. The reputed journal Vaccine invited him to publish this innovative research to publish in their special issue (Dey & Singh, 2009) and again another reputed journal (Parasites and Vectors) invited him to write a systemic review on Leishmania vaccines (Srivastava et al 2015). Miltefosine is a new drug approved for the treatment of VL in 2004 only but within few years of its introduction, the efficacy has gone down. To understand the mechanism of resistance, in an avant-garde study his team has discovered novel mutations in the genes of Leishmania; which impart resistance to miltefosine. These mutations can now be used as molecular markers to diagnose and predict miltefosine resistance in circulating strains at an initial stage (Srivastava et al, 2016). Tuberculosis is the main killer infectious diseases in India. On the top of that multi-drug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) forms have emerged forcing WHO to announce MDR-TB as health emergency. Dr. Singh for the first time reported high incidence of XDR-TB in Indian AIDS patients (Singh et al 2007). Though this publication created lot of discussion in Government, but finally it was accepted as realty and based on these findings Government of India implemented programmatic management of DR-TB (PMTD). Unfortunately early and accurate diagnosis of TB has remained a major challenge for researchers and programme managers. In last 20 years several serological test kits were dumped in the Indian market for the diagnosis of PTB and EPTB. But these kits gave highly inaccurate results, leading to unnecessary treatment to hundreds of thousands of patients, and leaving several thousands TB patients untreated. Dr. Singh played crucial role in getting these serological kits banned for import, manufacture and use in India (The Independent, UK; Times of India; The Hindu; Deccan Herald; Spectrum; etc.) and live discussion on the all India Radio. The Editorial published in the IJMR (Singh & Katoch, 2011) played the key role in this decision taken by the Government of India in May 2012. However, the ban on serology has created a complete gap in the TB diagnostic field. Dr. Singh worked untiringly to find out novel molecular tools and biomarkers for the diagnosis and differentiation of drug susceptible and drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. His laboratory has recently made a revolutionary discovery in this field. After screening hundreds of proteins of MTB, his team identified 5 novel proteins/antigens which are over-expressed only during the in-vivo drug resistance development. The genes were cloned and proteins expressed, purified and used on various categories of patients showing the sensitivity and specificity of these proteins between 98.2% -100% and 89.1 - 98.2%, respectively (Singh et al, 2015, Singh et al, 2016*). Using these novel proteins development of a point-of-care (POC) rapid test is underway. This innovation will be a game changer in the area of TB diagnostics not only for India but globally. The Foundation for Newer Innovative Diagnostics (FIND) has shown interest in this innovation and very soon this innovation will make India proud of innovative research. He has also used his epidemiological skills acquired during his training at University of Michigan (USA) and has done various field studies. He has formed a network of scientists working on Tuberculosis in India. In a spearheading study his team screened 628 isolates of MTB collected from various parts of the country, genotyped these and did drug susceptibility testing to uncover how the socio-geographical factors influence the prevalence of various genotypes of MTB. This was unique and first study of its kind. The Beijing genotype of MTB which is most prevalent in NER-India is having highest vulnerability for drug resistance while EAI genotype (found mainly in South India) having least preponderance for drug resistance (Singh et al, 2015). In this study he for the first time successfully documented the impact of population migration on the prevalence of various mycobacterial genotypes in different. This study was judged as the best study of 2015-16 carried out at the AIIMS and Dr. Singh was awarded First Prize in Research Excellence by the hon'ble Minister of Health and Family welfare, Government of India, Sri JP Nadda. The study has got wide coverage in the print media and Department of Biotechnology (NER-BPMC) has announced a special call for proposals to deal with this menace. Dr. Singh has also done pioneering work in the field of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) often neglected by clinicians and medical microbiologists as contaminants. In AIDS era these NTM have gained much importance but the conventional methods of identification are neither reproducible nor very specific. His team has developed novel sets of multiplex-PCR primers for the diagnosis and differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. avium, M. kansasii and other NTM, directly from the clinical samples in a single tube (PCT/IN2004/000396). These PCR primers and the process have been found highly sensitive and specific and are being routinely used at AIIMS and many other laboratory settings throughout the country (Singh et al, 2006, Gopinath et al, 2009, Kumar et al 2014a). The PLoS Neglected Tropical Disease published Dr. Singh's "Personal Opinion: on this subject, which is highly cited. This has made a paradigm shift in the understanding of NTM disease in India. Using the same gene targets, a new technology known as loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has also been developed by him with a commercial partner (Kumar et al, 2014b). The technology is being evaluated across the country and soon may be taken up by the Government of India. Currently molecular tools have become essential to understand the pathophysiology and drug targets. Dr. Singh has moved with the time. His laboratory is equipped with all modern tools including 6 laser flow cytometer and New Generation Sequencer (NGS), beside all routine diagnostic tools and services. His laboratory caters diagnostic (routine and specialised) tests with precision and accuracy. For his quality services his laboratory is recognised as training centre for whole Asia region for new TB diagnostics by the Stop-TB division of WHO (Geneva) and also by the central TB division of Government of India. Prof. Singh is the sole authority in the field of Toxoplasmosis in India for both medical and veterinary fraternity. His Toxoplasma reference laboratory is the only centre in entire India which is maintaining and distributing the Toxoplasma gondii strains to other researchers for the last 26 years continuously. Because of his spearheading teachings through webinars, print media and on other platforms including the FOGSI, ISP, IATP, IAMM, etc he has been able to convince the majority of Gynaecologists, Obstetricians, Paediatricians and Medical /veterinary microbiologists of India, that bad obstetric history (BOH) is a misnomer and that Toxoplasma causes multiple abortions is only a myth (Singh 2003; Singh & Pandit 2004; Singh et al, 2014). He is now the last word for Gynaecologists and Obstetricians of India regarding the diagnosis and management of congenital/antenatal toxoplasmosis. He has saved several unwarranted terminations of precious pregnancies suspected to have intrauterine toxoplasmosis on the basis of inaccurate test methods. His work has been cited in several reputed reference and text books-notably, the Infectious Diseases of fetus and neonates (Remington & Klein), Practical Obstetric Problem (Ian Donald); Toxoplasmosis : A comprehensive Clinical Guide (David et al), International Encylopedia of Public Health (Academic Press); Practical Guide to high-risk Pregnancy and delivery (Arias); Internal Medicine: an Illustrated Radiological Guide (Tubaikh) to name a few. It is worth mentioning that for his work on Toxoplasmosis he has been honoured by the Indian Academy of Tropical Parasitology as well as by the Indian Society of Parasitology. Beside TORCH infections his original work on mother-to-child transmission of Hepatitis E virus has been cited in almost all text books of paediatrics and Obstetrics, for examples – Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases (Bennett et al); Infectious Diseases of fetus and neonates (Remington & Klein); Practical Obstetric Problem (Ian Donald); Viral Infections of Humans (Kaslow et al) and Avery's Neonatology. He was the first to document first case of HIV-Leishmania co-infection in India (Singh et al 2000a) and also high incidence rates of hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus infections in Kala-azar patients of Bihar who were receiving multiple injections of sodium antimony gluconate (Singh et al, 2000b). He for the first time documented that circumcised patients had lower incidence of Hepatitis C and HIV virus infections in India. These findings were noticed by WHO and its Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN) division organised a special meeting with Government of India (in 2001) and highlighted the need for safe injection practices in India. Dr. Singh was special invitee in this meeting to present his findings. This advisory issued by the WHO to India based on his findings changed the scenario of injection practices in India. As a physician also he has contributed immensely in the Clinical Practice. For the first time from India, he reported mucosal involvement by Leishmania donovani in an AIDS patient and Prof. Singh coined a new clinical condition- post-kala-azar mucosal leishmaniasis (PKML) and published in the Lancet (Singh, 2004). This clinical term is now being used by other authors also (Singh 2014). He has treated rare clinical conditions like genitourinary enterobiasis (Singh et al, 1989), Scalp Phthiriasis (Singh et al, 1990), Hookworm granuloma of Gastric Os (Singh 1999), Toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent surgeon, and many more. He has successfully carried out clinical trials of herbal immunomodulators in AIDS patients. He is running a pre- and post-test counselling clinic for HIV/AIDS and TORCH infections for the last 20 years and supervises more than 5 lakh investigations each year. Indeed Dr. Singh has several firsts to his credit, whether it pertains to new discoveries, novel innovations, finding new pathogens, clinical conditions or disease manifestations. His keen interest in new discoveries and scientific dissemination started from his early residency days at PGIMER, Chandigarh. Dr. Singh was the first to report fungal contamination (Trichosporon beigelli) of UGI endoscopes instead of routine decontamination procedures (Singh et al 1989). This work has been cited in almost all text books of Gastroenterology. He also reported new species of Trichuris (vulpis) in Onges tribes of Nicobar (Singh et al 1993) and new genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in India. In addition to research, teaching and patient care he is helping various Government organizations like UPSC, DBT, ICMR, ICAR in the academic and administrative processes, and on being on their task forces. Dr. Singh has been member of Peer Team of NAC and Inspector of the MCI. Dr. Singh has also been on the research advisory committees/examiner of more than 25 central and state universities. He is also member of scientific advisory committees of JIMPER, Pondicherry; RMRC, Jodhpur and National JALMA Institute for Tuberculosis. He is grant reviewer for DST, DBT, DHR, ICMR, CSIR, BIRAC/IKP, BCIL of India. His research is also recognised outside India and he is grant reviewer for Medical Research Council, Government of South Africa; Ministry of Science and Technology, Life Sciences Division. Government of Israel and Ministry of Health (General Director for Scientific Research and Health Innovation), Italy. He is also abstract reviewer for World AIDS conference (IAS, Geneva) consecutively for 9th year and also for CROI (USA) and ICASA (South Africa) for last 3 years. He is one of the upper 10% peer reviewers for the publications from topmost publishers like Elsevier (including Lancet), NPG, Bentham, Springer, ASM, JAMA, BMA and others. Overall he is manuscript reviewer for 41 reputed journals while refusing review requests from hundreds of online journals. Out of 15 PhD and 5 MD students supervised by him as Chief Guide, all are pursuing their career successfully – 7 in the USA, 2 in South Korea, 2 in the UK, 1 in Germany and 8 in India. Of the 15 PhDs all have received accolades in the form of best poster or best oral presentations in various national and international conferences and most of them have received travel awards from DST, DBT, ICMR, BMGF or from conference organisers. One student was selected by HIV trust fund (Geneva) to work at NIH for 6 months. ***
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Sycamore School | School Management System
What a fantastic first day at NCEA 2019! Chicago, Illinois is well-known worldwide as the home of the Cubs, the Bears, the Bulls, the Blackhawks, the White Sox and, of course, The Bean. For the next few days, though, this bustling city is also home of the 2019 National Catholic Education Association (NCEA) Convention & Expo! Our Sycamore team loves attending NCEA's annual event, which is the largest gathering of Catholic school educators in the world. Today, from our home-away-from-home (also known as Booth #1019 in the Expo Hall), we have enjoyed seeing and connecting with so many familiar faces and friends, and meeting new friends, too. Seeing so many educators from so many different places is a strong reminder of just how important their work is to the nearly 2 million students they serve in their schools. The first day of NCEA 2019 offered so many opportunities for fellowship, learning, and networking. The Opening Eucharistic Liturgy, delivered by Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, Archbishop of Chicago, served to focus hearts and minds on the mission of Catholic school educators. This year's keynote address during the opening ceremonies and general session featured Ann Garrido, whose topic was "Embracing Grace in the 21st Century Church." Her talk focused on the small 'graces' that sustain Catholic educators during challenging times. Ann has worked in the field of Catholic education for over 25 years, taught students of every grade level, has been a long-time faculty member at the Aquinas Institute of Theology, recently completed a visiting professorship at the University of Notre Dame, and is the author of eight books. In between exploring all the cool products and services in the expo hall, the first day of NCEA 2019 also included nearly 90 professional development sessions. Yes, you read that right—nearly 90 sessions in six (6) tracks, providing knowledge and insight into some powerful topics. It's inspiring to see how impactful and diverse this year's sessions are! Here's a small sampling of what was offered today: Administrator's Toolbox Track Developing Teacher Leaders Within Our Catholic Schools Rural Poverty and Urban Poverty: What They Teach Us National Standards and Benchmarks Inclusive Communities Track Panel Discussion: A Conversation On Racism Bilingual Education Models for Catholic Schools International Students in Catholic Schools Show Me the Data: Inclusion in Catholic Schools Innovation Track Metaverse: Augmented Reality for Classrooms and School Marketing Everyone Can Create: Ignite Creativity with iPad PBL and STEAM: The Dynamic Duo Missionary Discipleship Track Forming Disciples for a Digital Age Building Bridges Through Service The Principal: Manager, Magician, and Minister Teaching & Learning Track Enhancing the Student Experience Using AR/VR Meet the Millennial Parents What Young People Want You to Know (But Don't Tell You) Teaching About Religion in a Polarized Age Teaching Classic Novels for Social Justice Strategic Leadership Track Catholic School Governance: Understanding Authority, Roles, and Responsibilities Teacher's Legal Toolbox Wrapping up day one was the awards dinner. During this celebratory event, Debra Meyer-Myrum, principal of Holy Trinity Catholic School in Pierz, Minnesota, was honored as the recipient of the 2019 Lead, Learn, Proclaim Award from the National Catholic Education Association for dedication and commitment to excellence in Catholic education. This annual award honors those whose ministry is Catholic school education and who have demonstrated a strong Catholic educational philosophy as well as exceptional efforts, dedication, and achievements. Debra was chosen from more than 150, 000 teachers and administrators, as well as diocesan leaders and organizations dedicated to the nation's Catholic schools. As you can see in the photos below, it was a great first day for Sycamore Education at NCEA 2019! Sycamore's Vickie Lamb doing a live webinar at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Vickie Lamb explaining our Google Integration at NCEA 2019 The Sycamore Team on Day One of NCEA 2019 Notre Dame Academy Visited Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Kami Findall with a teacher from St. Roberts Kami Findall shows off Sycamore's features to a few teachers First Day of NCEA 2019 A bird's-eye-view of Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Jim Knoepfel with the Holy Father! Want to see more from Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019? Connect with us on social: Facebook Instagram Twitter
school, education, sycamore, system, gradebook, grade, book, classroom, amazon, technology, online, google, management, learning, student, echo, microsoft, 2019, devices, data
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Mission US | THIRTEEN
Developed for use in middle and high school classrooms, Mission US engages students in the study of transformational moments in American history. Each mission consists of an interactive game and a set of curriculum materials that are aligned to national standards and feature document-based activities. The game immerses players in rich, historical settings and then empowers them to make choices that illuminate how ordinary people experienced the past. The Educator's Guide provides a wealth of resources and activities for both teachers and students, including primary source documents that show the broader social, political, and economic context of events and perspectives featured in the game. Since some of the topics Mission US explores are difficult, it is recommended that teachers/parents preview the game content to make sure it is appropriate for their students/children. LEARNING OBJECTIVESThe most recent National Assessment of Educational Progress showed that only 17% of eighth graders perform at or above the proficient level in American history. Mission US aims to get students to care about history by seeing it through the eyes of peers from the past. The goals of Mission US are to help students:• Learn how Americans struggled to realize the ideals of liberty and equality• Understand the role of ordinary men and women, including young people, in history• Develop historical empathy • Build understanding and critical perception to think like an historian.RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTWNET collaborates with a multidisciplinary team to create Mission US. Much planning, research, review, and testing with diverse groups of teachers and students goes into the development and creation of each mission and its companion educational materials. Reflecting the latest academic scholarship and incorporating primary source documents, the history content for each mission is developed by a team of historians at the American Social History Project/Center for Media & Learning (ASHP), a research center at the City University of New York Graduate Center. Scholars with expertise in each era serve as advisors. Throughout the development process, researchers from the Center for Children and Technology/Education Development Center conduct focus group testing with students and teachers that helps the game development team address misconceptions about the content each mission explores. The game developer is Electric Funstuff, a company with extensive educational technology experience.SERIOUS GAMINGWinner of the Games for Change Award for Most Significant Impact, Mission US is part of a growing body of "serious games" that immerse users in historical and contemporary problems in ways that encourage perspective-taking, discussion, and weighing of multiple kinds of evidence. Research has shown that, by assuming the roles of peers from the past, students develop a more personal, memorable, and meaningful connection with complex historical content and context. MISSIONS“For Crown or Colony?” puts players in the shoes of Nat Wheeler, a printer’s apprentice in 1770 Boston. They encounter both Patriots and Loyalists, and when rising tensions result in the Boston Massacre, they must choose where their loyalties lie.  A brand-new version of this game is now available! Learn more.In “Flight to Freedom, ” players take on the role of Lucy, a 14-year-old girl enslaved in Kentucky who escapes to Ohio. As Lucy joins a community of abolitionists, players discover that life in the “free” North is dangerous and difficult. In 1850, the Fugitive Slave Act threatens all African Americans in the North and brings new urgency to the anti-slavery movement.In “A Cheyenne Odyssey, ” players become Little Fox, a Northern Cheyenne boy whose life is changed by the encroachment of white settlers, railroads, and U.S. military expeditions.  As buffalo diminish and the U.S. expands westward, players experience the Cheyenne's persistence through conflict and national transformation.In “City of Immigrants, ” players navigate New York’s Lower East Side as Lena, a young Jewish immigrant from Russia. Trying to save money to bring her parents to America, she works long hours in a factory for little money and gets caught up in the growing labor movement. In “Up from the Dust, ” players take on the roles of twins Frank and Ginny Dunn, whose family wheat farm is devastated by the Great Depression and Dust Bowl. As they experience the hardships of the 1930s, players learn about Americans’ strategies for survival – as individuals, communities, and a nation. “Up from the Dust” is available online and as free iPad and Windows 10 apps.IMPACTMultiple research studies have found using Mission US leads to measurable gains in students' historical knowledge and skills, and yielded positive feedback from teachers. Most recently, a major summative study by Education Development Center (EDC) found that students who studied the Great Depression and Dust Bowl using Mission US significantly outperformed those who studied these topics using typical materials on standardized measures of U.S. history knowledge and skill. The Mission US group showed a 14.9% knowledge gain from pretest to posttest; the other group’s gain was less than 1%. See Research and Evaluation for summaries of past Mission US studies. PRAISE FOR MISSION USWith well over two million registered users across the fifty states and beyond,  Mission US continues to earn honors and praise from educators, parents, students, and critics. See Awards and Reviews for a list of selected accolades, reviews, and testimonials.For more information, visit the Help page.  Get updates about Mission US on Facebook and Twitter.  To share your feedback or for assistance, email us via the contact form on this site. 
history, colonial, wnet, thirteen, students, boston, colony, crown, teachers, role, american, states, united, education, videogames, mission, games, online, playing
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In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi is a theological and acclaimed Open Access journal that serves as the official journal of the Reformed Theological Society (Gereformeerde Teologiese Vereniging). It has a broad coverage that promotes multidisciplinary, religious and biblical aspects of studies in the international theological arena, aiming to further Reformational Theology on a scientific basis. It encourages research that challenges traditional discourses within and between the fields of biblical, religious, social and human sciences as well as the constructive engagement with the natural sciences where applicable. The editorial board welcomes discussion articles related to the promotion and furtherance of reformational theology. All contributions are refereed anonymously by at least three other scholars who are recognised as specialists in the particular field of study and the comments of the referees are held in high esteem. English, Afrikaans and Dutch are the general languages of publication and articles in German will also be considered.
humanity
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Oakland News Now Today | SF Bay Area Blog - Oakland News Now Today - Breaking Oakland News, East Bay News, SF Bay Area Blog, NFL, Sports, Culture, World
Oakland News Now Today - Oakland News, East Bay News, SF Bay Area, USA, World, Tech, NFL, Sports, Culture
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Arab Federation for Engineering Industries
The Federation is an association of employers from Arab countries who are operating in the sector of engineering industries that aims at contributing to defending the interests of member companies within the framework of society public interest in all forums. The Arab Federation for Engineering Industries (AFEI) was founded under the umbrella of the Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU) with resolution no.703 in the 25 session held on 24/6/1975. The founders assembly meeting was held in Baghdad on 27-29 December 1975 where the first Board of Directors (BOD) was elected. Founders of AFEI are employers from the following Arab countries: Algeria, Egypt, Kuwait, Iraq. From 1975 to June 2009, the number of countries represented in AFEI grew to 14 countries, namely: Sudan, Egypt, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, & Tunisia.
development, economic, association, engineering, federation, arab, manufacturing, employers, jobs, world, definition, economics, promoting, young, organization, countries, industry, businessmen, afei, engineers
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The Justice Roundtable | The Progressive Voice for Justice Reform
Roy L. Austin, Jr. Roy Austin is a partner with the law firm of Harris, Wiltshire & Grannis LLP. He began his career with the Criminal Section of the Civil Rights Division investigating and prosecuting hate crime and police brutality cases. In 2000, he joined Keker & Van Nest LLP, working on complex civil and white-collar criminal cases, including a successful pro-bono lawsuit aimed at preventing racial profiling by the Calif. Highway Patrol. He joined the U.S. Attorney's Office for D.C. and prosecuted domestic violence, adult and child sexual assault, human trafficking, homicide and fraud and public corruption cases. He later became Senior AUSA and Coordinator of the D.C. Human Trafficking Task Force. In January 2010, Mr. Austin was appointed Deputy Asst Attorney General, Civil Rights Division, DOJ and supervised the Criminal Section, and the Special Litigation Section's law enforcement portfolio. In March 2014, he joined the White House Domestic Policy Council as Deputy Asst to the President for the Office of Urban Affairs, Justice and Opportunity. Here, he worked with the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing, on issues of reentry, and was a member of Obama's My Brother's Keeper Task Force. Rachel Barkow Rachel Barkow is the Vice Dean and Segal Family Professor of Regulatory Law and Policy at NYU School of Law. She also serves as the Faculty Director of the Center on the Administration of Criminal Law at NYU. In June of 2013, the Senate confirmed her as a Member of the United States Sentencing Commission. Since 2010, she has also been a member of the Manhattan District Attorney's Office Conviction Integrity Policy Advisory Panel. Professor Barkow teaches courses in criminal law, administrative law, and constitutional law. In 2013, she was the recipient of the NYU Distinguished Teaching Award. The Law School awarded her its Podell Distinguished Teaching Award in 2007. After graduating from Northwestern University (B.A.'93), Barkow attended Harvard Law School ('96) where she won the Sears Prize. She served as a law clerk to Judge Laurence H. Silberman on the D.C. Circuit and Justice Antonin Scalia on the U.S. Supreme Court. Barkow was an associate at Kellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd & Evans in Washington, D.C. Brittany Barnett Brittany K. Barnett is an attorney and social justice advocate. As the daughter of a formerly incarcerated mother, Brittany knows first hand the impact of mass incarceration is far reaching, devastating families and entire communities. She is co-founder of the Buried Alive Project, an organization that works to end life without parole sentencing handed down under federal drug laws through transformative litigation, legislation, and humanization. While working several years as a corporate attorney, Brittany was committed to pro bono representation of clients in federal prison. Her dedication to this life changing work paid off tremendously – resulting in executive clemency from President Obama for seven of her clients, as well as freedom for several additional clients through the federal court system. She is a member of the legal team that represented Alice Johnson, who was granted clemency from President Trump after serving over 21 years of a life without parole sentence. Brittany is also founder of Girls Embracing Mothers (GEM). GEM partners with women's prisons in Texas and works to lessen the impact of maternal separation by strengthening the mother-daughter relationship and equipping girls with the tools to make positive life choices. Norman Brown Norman Brown is a lifestyle coach who helps recipients of Presidential commutations returning from federal prison to acclimate to society by helping to decrease their risk of recidivism. He bridges the gap that so frequently leaves re-entry citizens vulnerable to psychological setbacks, by helping them find the resources needed to function and grow. His experience goes beyond textbook, involving training and practicality. Norman himself was rewarded clemency from President Obama after serving 24 ½ years for a non-violent crime. He had the honor of having lunch with President Obama in 2015, after being rewarded clemency. Norman has received specialized training in public speaking, lifestyle coaching, and mentoring youths as well as adults. He plays a major role in working with youth for The Dept of Rehabilitation Services, and consults with the executive staff of DYRS in effective innovative approaches with training. He has spoken at the White House and testified for the Federal and DC Government on matters around Mass Incarceration. As Deputy Project Director for Project New Opportunity, Norman manages a staff of consultants who are working with clients preparing to reenter society and start their lives over in being productive citizens. Rhozier "Roach" Brown While serving a life sentence for murder at Lorton Reformatory, Roach Brown conceived and founded THE INNER VOICES, a national traveling prison theatrical troupe, wrote and directed several award winning plays, a television documentary and specials. The Inner Voices performed outside the gates of Lorton over 1, 500 times without escape or incident. Roach designed a drug exhibit at the Smithsonian Museum for the White House, was invited by Members of Congress to testify on national legislation, designed a drug prevention program for the Embassy of Ghana and designed and implemented correctional programs. He has won acclaim at New York, Sundance, Cannes and International Film Festivals and developed prison therapeutic theater troupes. Because of his work with the Inner Voices, President Gerald Ford commuted his life sentence, on Christmas day 1975. A community activist extraordinaire, Roach Brown's aggressive legislative organizing includes increased voter awareness and registration for returning citizens, support of ban the box campaigns and fair hiring practices, and repeal of federal mandatory minimum sentences. He is the host of WPFW-FM's popular Cross Roads' radio show. MiAngel C. Cody MiAngel Cody picks locks to human cages. As a federal criminal defense lawyer, Ms. Cody won presidential clemency and freedom for six prisoners serving life sentences for drug crimes. Ms. Cody has defended hundreds of people in federal court, achieving a range of courtroom victories, from jury acquittals to successful federal appeals to significantly reduced sentences. As Founder and Lead Counsel for The Decarceration Collective law office, Attorney Cody has seen incarcerated fathers and mothers kiss children goodbye. She's watched judges lament that mandatory sentencing laws left them hamstrung with no discretion. She's seen people leave prison with nothing to insure their future success. She's witnessed a system dehumanize humans and, in doing so, become dehumanized itself. Ultimately, she has stood with people as they were sent into cages. And she's received desperate calls when those same people returned from prison with nothing. In 2018, Ms. Cody received a Soros Justice Advocacy Fellowship. In 2014, she received the Federal Bar Association's Federal Lawyer of the Year Award. Her work has been featured in the New York Times, MSNBC, Chicago Tribune, Amazon's Audible Series and CNN. Van Jones Van Jones is the President and Co-Founder of #Cut50, CNN political commentator and host of The Messy Truth and the Van Jones Show. He is founder of The Dream Corps, Rebuild The Dream, Green For All, the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights and Color of Change. Jones is a Yale-educated attorney and author of two New York Times best-selling books, The Green Collar Economy (2008) and Rebuild the Dream (2012). The second book chronicles his journey as an environmental and human rights activist to becoming a White House policy advisor. He was the main advocate for the Green Jobs Act, the first piece of federal legislation to codify the term "green jobs." In 2009, Jones worked as the green jobs advisor to President Obama. In this role, he helped to lead the inter-agency process that oversaw the multi-billion dollar investment in skills training and jobs development within the environmental and green energy sectors. Jones has been honored with numerous awards and spotlighted on several lists of high achievers, including: the World Economic Forum's "Young Global Leader" designation; Rolling Stone's 2012 "12 Leaders Who Get Things Done"; TIME's 2009 "100 Most Influential People in The World"; and the Root's 2014 "The Root 100." Jason Hernandez In 2011 Jason Hernandez, who was serving a sentence of life without parole for a nonviolent drug crime, constructed his own clemency petition along with a letter asking President Obama to commute his sentence. On December 19, 2013, President Obama responded by commuting his sentence to twenty years. Jason was released in 2015, after 17 years in prison, and continued working on clemency petitions. In the process, he assisted six prisoners serving life receive a commutation through the Clemency Initiative. He continues to file petitions for prisoners in the state and federal system and is a recent recipient of a Soros Justice Fellowship wherein he will advocate for clemency to be used on a broader scale and create a toolkit that will allow prisoners, families of prisoners and students to initiate their own clemency campaigns. Mark Holden Mark Holden serves as senior vice president, general counsel and corporate secretary of Koch Industries, Inc. He is also president and COO of the Legal Division of Koch Companies Public Sector, LLC, which provides legal, government and public affairs services to Koch Industries, Inc. and its affiliates. In addition, he also serves as Chairman of the Board of Freedom Partners Chamber of Commerce, Inc. and serves on the Board of Directors of Americans For Prosperity. Mr. Holden began his career with Koch Industries in 1995 as a litigation attorney, and was vice president and general counsel for litigation and compliance. He has worked with the various Koch companies on a variety of litigation, regulatory, compliance, and commercial issues. Mr. Holden earned a bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Massachusetts. He earned his law degree from the Columbus School of Law at the Catholic University of America, where he was an associate editor of the Catholic University Law Review. Andrea James Andrea James J.D is the Founder and Executive Director of the National Council For Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls, Founder of Families for Justice as Healing, author of Upper Bunkies Unite: And Other Thoughts On the Politics of Mass Incarceration, a 2015 Soros Justice Fellow, and recipient of the 2016 Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights award. As a former criminal defense attorney and a formerly incarcerated woman she shares her personal and professional experiences to raise awareness of the affect of incarceration of women on themselves, their children and communities. Her work is focused on ending incarceration of women and girls and contributing to the shift from a criminal legal system to community led human justice. Alice Marie Johnson Alice Marie Johnson, a first time offender, served 21 years of a life sentence without parole for a drug offense. To date she is the only person with a drug sentence commuted by President Trump. Alice was #1 on CAN DO Clemency's list of the "Top 25 Women most Deserving of Clemency." She was one of six people featured in the ACLUs ad campaign to end mass incarceration. Coordinated by the National Council of Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls and the Real Women Real Voices Symposium, while imprisoned Alice was able to use skype to address audiences at Ivy League Universities such as Yale and NYU, as well as Google. She was one of the call-in guests on Cross Roads' National Clemency and Criminal Justice Reform RadioThon, and the Justice Roundtable brought her daughters to Washington, DC to join the White House's March 31 Life After Clemency convening and bring attention to their mother's case. Alice was a model prisoner with an exemplary prison record who is also an ordained minister. While imprisoned she wrote and produced numerous original plays and skits. Mic featured Alice in a video op ed in October 2017 that caught the attention of Kim Kardashian, who successfully advocated for her release at the White House. Alice has often referred to Kim as her "war angel." Paul J. Larkin, Jr. Paul J. Larkin, Jr., is the Rumpel Senior Legal Research Fellow at the Heritage Foundation. He received his law degree from Stanford Law School. He has held numerous positions in the federal and state governments, as well as in the private sector. Among them are Assistant to the Solicitor General at the U.S. Department of Justice and Counsel to the Senate Judiciary under the chairmanship of Senator Orrin Hatch. He has written a variety of articles on clemency, such as Revitalizing the Clemency Process, 39 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 833 (2016); Essay: A Proposal to Restructure the Clemency Process—The Vice President as Head of a White House Clemency Office, 40 Harv. J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 237 (2017); and "A Day Late and a Dollar Short": President Obama's Clemency Initiative 2014, 16 Geo. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 147 (2018). Mark Osler Mark Osler is the Robert and Marion Short Professor of Law at the University of St. Thomas (MN). He also holds the Ruthie Mattox Preaching Chair at First Covenant Church, Minneapolis. Osler's writing on clemency, sentencing and narcotics policy has appeared in the New York Times, the Washington Post,  and in law journals at Harvard, Stanford, the University of Chicago, Northwestern, Georgetown, Ohio State, UNC, William and Mary, and Rutgers. A former federal prosecutor, he played a role in striking down a mandatory 100-to-1 ratio between crack and powder cocaine in the federal sentencing guidelines by winning the case of Spears v. United States in the U.S. Supreme Court. Osler's 2009 book Jesus on Death Row (Abingdon Press) critiqued the American death penalty through the lens of Jesus' trial. His second book, Prosecuting Jesus (Westminster/John Knox, 2016) is a memoir of performing the Trial of Jesus in 11 states. Most recently, he is the author of Contemporary Criminal Law (West, 2018), a casebook. The character of Professor Joe Fisher in the Samuel Goldwyn film American Violet was based on Osler, and he has been the subject of profiles by Rolling Stone,  The American Prospect, and CBS News. Amy Ralston Povah For the past eighteen years, Amy Ralston Povah has been an accomplished filmmaker, writer, speaker, and activist. After receiving clemency from President Clinton, she advocated for other women seeking "justice through clemency" and started the CAN-DO Foundation (Clemency for All Non-violent Drug Offenders). Amy has organized five White House vigils for the prisoners profiled on the CAN-DO website; spoken on panels at Yale University, Pepperdine University, Vanderbilt University, Washington State University, New York University, Columbus School of Law, and on Capitol Hill. She wrote about the lack of women who received clemency from President Obama for the Federal Sentencing Reporter and authored Op Eds published in the New York Times, Fusion, San Francisco Chronicle, The Hill and 5 HuffPost articles. Amy submitted the numerous cases profiled by the "Mercy Lottery: Review of the Obama Administration's Clemency Initiative released by NYU Law School. CAN-DO profiled and assisted 20 men and 44 of the 105 women who received clemency under President Obama's clemency initiative. The CAN-DO media page. works to garner exposure for the prisoners on the CANDO website. Kemba Smith Growing up as an only child in Richmond, VA, Kemba Smith graduated high school and entered Hampton University. What happened to Kemba in her new campus environment was a nightmare, and led to a 24.5-year sentence in a federal prison. In Dec. 2000, after serving 6.5 years, President Clinton commuted her sentence to time served. Kemba shares her traumatic real life experience in her book, "Poster Child: The Kemba Smith Story." Featured on CNN, Nightline, Court TV, The Early Morning Show, Donahue, Judge Hatchett, and a host of other television programs, Kemba's story has also been written about in national publications including The Washington Post, NY Times, Glamour, People, JET, Emerge, Diverse Issues in Higher Education, and Essence magazines. Kemba is a graduate of Virginia Union University and was a past recipient of a Soros Justice Fellowship. In December 2014, Kemba was appointed a member of the Virginia Criminal Sentencing Commission by Governor Terry McAuliff. She has spoken at the White House and testified before Congress and the United Nations, and is a popular speaker at colleges, universities, high schools, juvenile facilities, churches and national conferences around the nation. Nkechi Taifa Nkechi Taifa is Advocacy Director for Criminal Justice at the Open Society Foundations and Open Society Policy Center and convener of the Justice Roundtable, a Washington-based coalition advancing federal justice reforms. Taifa was founding Director of the Equal Justice Program at Howard University Law School and adjunct professor at both Howard Law and American University Wash. College of Law. She was legislative counsel for the ACLU, serving as principal spokesperson for its Washington Office on criminal justice and civil rights issues. Taifa also served as public policy counsel for the Women's Legal Defense Fund and as staff attorney for the National Prison Project. As a private practitioner she represented indigent adults and juveniles. Over the course of her career she has spoken across the country on justice reform and human rights issues and has testified before the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, the Council of the District of Columbia and the American Bar Association Justice Kennedy Commission. She has served on the boards of numerous public interest organizations, as consultant to various groups and projects, and as an appointed commissioner and chair of the DC Commission on Human Rights. Taifa received her JD from George Washington University Law School. Ebony Underwood Founder and CEO of We Got Us Now, Ebony Underwood is a social entrepreneur, filmmaker and Soros Justice fellow leading a powerful movement built by, led by and for children of incarcerated parents in an effort to create greater awareness about the issue of parental incarceration and the rippling effects of mass incarceration. Ebony's interest in this advocacy work is personal and pivotal. As a daughter of an incarcerated parent, Ebony was traumatized and emotionally devastated by her father's harsh mandatory minimum sentence of life without parole. For 25 years she suffered with the shame and despair she felt. In 2014, she found her voice and began to speak publicly, sharing her story through film, television and social media advocacy. Ebony is a leading voice on the issue of children impacted by parental incarceration, speaking nationally at Yale, Columbia, American and NYU Law Schools, and John Jay School of Criminal Justice, Sing Sing State Correctional Facility, and Google. She has published op-ed articles in Huffington Post, Vibe and Mic, and spear-headed the Google-initiated #LoveLetters campaign to demonstrate the unbreakable bond between a child and their incarcerated parent on Mothers and Fathers Day.
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Sycamore School | School Management System
What a fantastic first day at NCEA 2019! Chicago, Illinois is well-known worldwide as the home of the Cubs, the Bears, the Bulls, the Blackhawks, the White Sox and, of course, The Bean. For the next few days, though, this bustling city is also home of the 2019 National Catholic Education Association (NCEA) Convention & Expo! Our Sycamore team loves attending NCEA's annual event, which is the largest gathering of Catholic school educators in the world. Today, from our home-away-from-home (also known as Booth #1019 in the Expo Hall), we have enjoyed seeing and connecting with so many familiar faces and friends, and meeting new friends, too. Seeing so many educators from so many different places is a strong reminder of just how important their work is to the nearly 2 million students they serve in their schools. The first day of NCEA 2019 offered so many opportunities for fellowship, learning, and networking. The Opening Eucharistic Liturgy, delivered by Cardinal Blase J. Cupich, Archbishop of Chicago, served to focus hearts and minds on the mission of Catholic school educators. This year's keynote address during the opening ceremonies and general session featured Ann Garrido, whose topic was "Embracing Grace in the 21st Century Church." Her talk focused on the small 'graces' that sustain Catholic educators during challenging times. Ann has worked in the field of Catholic education for over 25 years, taught students of every grade level, has been a long-time faculty member at the Aquinas Institute of Theology, recently completed a visiting professorship at the University of Notre Dame, and is the author of eight books. In between exploring all the cool products and services in the expo hall, the first day of NCEA 2019 also included nearly 90 professional development sessions. Yes, you read that right—nearly 90 sessions in six (6) tracks, providing knowledge and insight into some powerful topics. It's inspiring to see how impactful and diverse this year's sessions are! Here's a small sampling of what was offered today: Administrator's Toolbox Track Developing Teacher Leaders Within Our Catholic Schools Rural Poverty and Urban Poverty: What They Teach Us National Standards and Benchmarks Inclusive Communities Track Panel Discussion: A Conversation On Racism Bilingual Education Models for Catholic Schools International Students in Catholic Schools Show Me the Data: Inclusion in Catholic Schools Innovation Track Metaverse: Augmented Reality for Classrooms and School Marketing Everyone Can Create: Ignite Creativity with iPad PBL and STEAM: The Dynamic Duo Missionary Discipleship Track Forming Disciples for a Digital Age Building Bridges Through Service The Principal: Manager, Magician, and Minister Teaching & Learning Track Enhancing the Student Experience Using AR/VR Meet the Millennial Parents What Young People Want You to Know (But Don't Tell You) Teaching About Religion in a Polarized Age Teaching Classic Novels for Social Justice Strategic Leadership Track Catholic School Governance: Understanding Authority, Roles, and Responsibilities Teacher's Legal Toolbox Wrapping up day one was the awards dinner. During this celebratory event, Debra Meyer-Myrum, principal of Holy Trinity Catholic School in Pierz, Minnesota, was honored as the recipient of the 2019 Lead, Learn, Proclaim Award from the National Catholic Education Association for dedication and commitment to excellence in Catholic education. This annual award honors those whose ministry is Catholic school education and who have demonstrated a strong Catholic educational philosophy as well as exceptional efforts, dedication, and achievements. Debra was chosen from more than 150, 000 teachers and administrators, as well as diocesan leaders and organizations dedicated to the nation's Catholic schools. As you can see in the photos below, it was a great first day for Sycamore Education at NCEA 2019! Sycamore's Vickie Lamb doing a live webinar at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Vickie Lamb explaining our Google Integration at NCEA 2019 The Sycamore Team on Day One of NCEA 2019 Notre Dame Academy Visited Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Kami Findall with a teacher from St. Roberts Kami Findall shows off Sycamore's features to a few teachers First Day of NCEA 2019 A bird's-eye-view of Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019 Sycamore's Jim Knoepfel with the Holy Father! Want to see more from Sycamore's booth at NCEA 2019? Connect with us on social: Facebook Instagram Twitter
school, education, sycamore, system, gradebook, grade, book, classroom, amazon, technology, online, google, management, learning, student, echo, microsoft, 2019, devices, data
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International Science Council | Home
The global voice of science.
science, research, open, development, data, policy, sciences, earth, economics, sustainable, health, goals, change, urban, studies, population, poverty, resilience, integrity, psychology
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Welcome to the Grand Central District. Life in one Central location! - GCDA
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PR Observer |
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NSB Nationaal Socialistische Beweging Mussert - NSB bezetting40-45!
Nederlandse historie m.b.t. Civiele en Militaire Collaboratie Tweede Wereldoorlog Geschiedkundige studie Collectie militaria-auctionNationaal Socialistische Beweging NSB WA SS Jeugdstorm NSVO Staatspolitie Landwacht Landstorm " Hij gaf in gods vertrouwen alles voor ''t vaderland " Nationaal Socialistische Beweging Vlaanderen N.S.B.V. verzameling verzamelaarinkoop en verkoop van NSB jeugdstorm SS Nederlandse vrijwilligers legioen Pet uniform jas pet helm Mussert Geelkerken Zondervan Rauter Feldmeyer Gerardus Mooyman Mooijman Ernst Voorhoeve collaboratie Nederland Peter Ton Hendrik Koot Jacob Janse Arbeidsdienst NAD ADM NSKK Verdinaso Persoonsbewijs Germaansche Landdienst Germanische jugend Weersport kampen Hitler Jugend Nederland Volk en Vaderland VoVa Fotonieuws Echo Zwartesoldaat Stormmeeuw Stormvlag Storm SS5th SS Panzer Division Wiking Germania regiment Höhere SS- und Polizeiführer Nordwest SS DUTCH FRONT NEWSPAPER!! STORM SS Dutch volunteers of the SS-Regiment Westland Dutch Legion Card AXIS FOREIGN LEGION MILITARIA NSNAP NSDAP occupation of the Netherlands Visor Cap SS-Freiwilligen Legion Niederlande Wolfshook visor-cap badge SSBrigade dutch ss uniform Dutch made shield Dutch SS belt germaansche Germanische buckle Dutch SS volunteer helmet real Nazi SS Helmet Dutch Volunteer Germanic Helmet SS decals dutch Dutch volunteer SS-Hauptscharführer algemene allgemeine ss poster affiche landwacht landstorm staatspolitie schalkhaarpolite collaboration museum NSB Legioenstandaard van het 1e Bataljon van het Vrijwilligerslegioen Nederland Standaard van Generaal H.A.Seyffardt, commandant van het Vrijwilligerslegioen Nederland SS-Freiwilligen Legion Niederlande nederlands Digitaal museum NSB Waffen SS Kraagspiegels met wolfsangel recruiting poster for the Netherlands Dutch Recruitment Collaborate collaboration Poster Dutch SS-BL Supporter’s NSB SS Party members SS DUTCH collaborating SPORTS BADGE Waffen-SS Dutch Volunteer Sleeve Shield Dutch National Socialist Dr. Seyss Inquart, Reichskommissar Holland, Anton Mussert, Mouwband Lijfwacht – ‘Lijfwacht Mussert Lijfwacht van den Leider Befehlsstelle ausweis NSNAP originele kraagspiegel met pijlenbundel gevat in een hand (“fasces”), wat de standaard van Mussert aanduidde Mouwband Lijfwacht Hou en Trou De lijfwachten droegen een zwart uniform, met op de linker onderarm een mouwband de tekst ‘Hou en Trou’. Deze tekst werd nog tot twee keer toe gewijzigd, eerst in ‘Lijfwacht van de Leider’ en later in Lijfwacht Mussert Het 10-jarenteeken oorkonde Internering meidagen 1940 Interneringspenning Penning Lotsverbondenheid 10-14 mei 1940 – Gedenkpenning der N.S.B. Leistungsrune – Germaanse sportinsigne W.A. sportmedaille Distinctieven der W.A. De uniform van de W.A. Leader N.S.B Henk Feldmeijer Hagespraak DUTCH NSB YOUTH BADGE DUTCH NSB OFFICER''S W.A. Strijdersteken" model, Strijders ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932 – 1935 SLEEVE INSIGNIA DUTCH NSB OFFICER''S SLEEVE INSIGNIA Dutch NSB WA Tunic De Zwarte Soldaat Sleeve Patch extremely rare Dutch WWII period youth organisation War II mouw armbanden German Germany Nazi dagger badge pin visor cap tunic waffenrock NSB kraagspiegels schouderstukken epauletten distinctieven runentekens rune P.O.-vendels Keurvendels der W.A.insignia Nazi Eagle Swastika Armschildje SS Cufftitle ss tabs SS shoulder boards SS Vendel Peter TonStickpins Cloth collection WSS 12 SS Hitlerjugend Badge of Honour of Vendel Hendrik Kootthe Jeugdstorm Leader’s Bodyguard Lijfwacht v. d. Leider hou en trou Vendel Hans PelzerW.A. Old Fighters Medal W.A. Sports Badge Combat Sacrifice Badge of Vendel Jacob JanseBEGRAFENIS VAN W.A. WACHTMEESTER JANSE Vendel Overste Mussert Vendel Paul KrugerHonour Plaque Mussert Cross - Ribbon bar Jeugdstorm Sports Badge N.S.B. Almanak 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 Vendel Hendrik Bannink GEDENKTEEKEN VOOR WA-MAN H.BANNINK Hoofdkwartier der W.A. Commandant der W.A. Mr. A.J. Zondervan Begunstigers der W.A. Begunstigd lid der W.A.Females Males Dutch Labour Service Combat Sacrifice Badge of Honour NSB Draaginsignes der W.A.Five Years Service Badge NSB Ten Years Service Badge The honour badge Foto onder: Stropdasspeld Label maker producent Cornelis Begeer Juwelier – Utrecht Draagtekens der Beweging ‘Strijd en Offer” speld Strijd en Offer plaquette Eretekenen strijdersteeken ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932 – 1935 Oorkonde behorende Draagbewijs W.A. Strijdersteken of Loyalty Badge for the Dutch NSKK Plaque for Next-of-Kin of Fallen N.S.B. Members Mussert Geelkerken W.A.-mannen Vijfmanschap konstabel Wacht onder een wachtmeester Schaar Vaandrig Groep kompaan Vendel hopman Ban banleider Heerban heerbanleider Brigade brigadeleider niederländische Propaganda Postkarte W.A. Uniformpet Weermannen W.A. Kwartiermuts Manschappen W.A. Uniformpet Lager Kader midden Kader Weerman Konstabel Wachtmeester Opperwachtmeerster Vaandrig Kompaan Opperkompaan Hopman Opperhopman Onderbanleider Commandant Afd. XVI Intendance W.A. Mouwembleem W.A. Adjudanten nestel Schouderbedekking W.A. Muziekkorps Dienstonderscheidingsteken W.A. Muziekcorps Dienstonderscheidingsteken Motor W.A. Dienstonderscheidingsteken Bereden W.A. Dienstonderscheidingsteken Luchtvaartafdeling WA LUWA Dienstonderscheidingsteken Artsen W.A. NSB Sportembleem NSB Uniformjas penning medaille speldje pin embleem schouderstukken Kwartiermuts DE NATIONAAL-SOCIALISTISCHE ARBEIDERSPARTIJ (NSNAP)-KRUYT NSNAP-Van Rappard Netherlands: (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland = NSB) Brown painted and silvered black bakelite, unmarked, illustrating a downward-pointing sword and a broom, with various insignias at the base, inscribed "GOUDSBERG" above "VRIJHEID EN RECHT" at the upper left, dated "1940" at the far left and marked "NSB" at the far right, inscribed "ONGERECHTIGHEID" at the bottom, 27.5 mm x 41.5 mm, vertical pinback, scratches evident on the reverse, scattered brown paint and silvering wear, residue present in the recessed areas, very fine. Dutch National Youth Storm (Nationale Jeugdstorm = NJS) Membership Stickpin Dutch 1935 Nijmegen NSDAP Party Day 1940 National Socialist Movement NSB Goudsberg Meeting Badge A 1935 NSDAP Nijmegen Partijdag badge (28.7.35); In die stamped bronze gilt, horizontal pin; unmarked; measuring 39 mm x 26 mm; very fine condition Silver gilt with black, white, blue and orange enamels, unmarked, 18.8 mm, on a 24.2 mm severed pin, blue enamels missing inside the "R" on "STORM", small chip in the orange outer ring, contact marks, near very fine. Footnote: The National Youth Storm (Nationale Jeugdstorm = NJS) was a Dutch youth movement which existed from 1934 to 1945, organized along the lines of the German Hitler Youth and the Nazi equivalent of the Boy Scouts. The organization was formally separate from, but in practice had very close ties with the Dutch National Socialist Movement (NSB). The leader (Head Stormer) of the NSB was Cornelis van Geelkerken. On May 1, 1934, Geelkerken was dismissed as a civil servant, as NSB membership was considered incompatible with employment in government. On the same day, he founded the Youth Storm. Less than two years later, on February 1, 1936, the association was ruled "illegal" by the Supreme Court and subsequently abolished. It was re-established under a "democratic" structure and given a small name change (Association National Youth Storm, VNJ). However, very shortly after the German invasion, the old name was adopted again. Almost all members of the Youth Storm were children of NSB members. Prior to the occupation, the Youth Storm had about 2, 000 members, a number which increased during the Second World War to more than 12, 000. A c.1938 Dutch National-Socialist Women''s Federation Enameled Badge Badge in gilded bronze, 28.5mm, in extremely fine condition, scarce A Scarce Dutch Jeugdstorm Sports Badge; Girls Version A Scarce Dutch Jeugdstorm Sports Badge; Boys Version Large size badge for boys, in stamped bronze, 38.5x55.6mm, numbered 1113; in extremely fine condition and very scarce A Rare Dutch Breast Badge of the “Nederlandse Arbeidsdienst (N.A.D.)” A 1939 Dutch NSB Commemorative Hagespraak Meeting Badge A Dutch NSB Storm Troopers Medal 1932-1935 A 1942 Dutch W.A. Spring March Badge A Dutch Made German Army Funeral Sash & Liberation Flag A Second War Dutch NSB Award A Second War Dutch NSB Award A Dutch 1941 NSB Kerstmarch Medal A Second War Dutch Jeugdstorm Officer’s Side Cap Insignia A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch A Dutch “De Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS)” Cap Badge A South Holland-Utrecht March Badge Netherlands: Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the South Holland coat-of-arms with a ribbon banner inscribed "ZUID-HOLLAND" above, the City of Utrecht coat-of-arms with a ribbon banner inscribed "UTRECHT" below, a large "WA" at the left and "MARSCH" at the lower right, 35 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered surface wear evident on the reverse, near extremely fine. Aide cap badge, in silvered metal, die stamped, 43mm x 56mm, with two prongs on reverse, in extremely fine condition; this type of badge was worn on cap by the members of the "Nationale Jeugdstorm". Very scarce badge. Footnote: The Dutch "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging" (National Socialist Movement) was founded by Anton Mussert in December of 1931; one of the sections mirrored German HJ, hence, Mussert established a youth branch, called "Nationale Jeugdstorm, " in May 1934. A Dutch Netherlandish Militia Black Brigade Label "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland". Fine quality BeVo embroidery in red, white, blue, orange, yellow and black threading, 70 mm x 73 mm, curling along the bottom edge, extremely fine. A large badge, embroidered in silvery and gilded wires, on blue wool cloth backing, 60mm x 85mm (2 ¼ x 3 ½ inches), salty, in worn condition. Rare. A 1941 Dutch Mussert Cross A Netherlands German County Force Badge A Rare Dutch Youth Movement (Nationale Jugenstorm) Officer''s Belt Buckle, Rare A Second War Dutch NSB Medal A die-struck bronze Dutch NSB Medal, measuring 40mm in diameter; this medal was instituted by Mussert to be given to members of the NSB who had been interned by the Dutch authorities prior to the German Invasion; medal was also awarded to Germans who had made contributions towards the better relationship between the NSB and the NSDAP. A fine example with with crisp details, in excellent conduit In die stamped silvered zinc, two piece construction, measuring 47.5 mm, worn, otherwise near very fine. The Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS) was a Dutch youth organization established in 1930s and active during the Second World War. This movement was inspired by the German Hitler Youth, and played a similar political/social role, but on a much smaller scale. Footnote: From the collection of approximately 900 German buckles accumulated by John R. Angolia, who start collecting buckles, belts and brocades from 1944 until around 1990; most of the buckles were obtained from the American and German veterans; most of these buckles present a core of Angolia’s book “Belt Buckles & Brocades of the Third Reich”, published in 2001. Zinc, semi-hollow struck, measuring 40mm, with replacement pin assembly, worn condition A 1941 Dutch Mussert Cross - In gilded bronze, enameled, 37.3x41.4mm, only minor enamel contact, near very fine.A Dutch 1941 NSB Kerstmarch Medal - Medal in zinc, 40mm, with original ribbon as worn, in very fine condition, rare. A Second War Dutch NSB Award - In zinc alloy, 42.5 mm, maker marked BLOENBOLLEN MARSCH on reverse and dated 1943, original ribbon, near very fine condition, very scarce. A Second War Dutch NSB Award - In zinc alloy, 42.5 mm, maker marked BLOENBOLLEN MARSCH on reverse and dated 1943, original ribbon, very fine condition, very scarce Both items were brought back to Canada after the Second World War by a Canadian veteran and as such as sold as a single group; Funeral Sash (locally Dutch-made, fabricated from light red nylon, featuring two hand cut black cloth swastikas sewn upon a white nylon circle at either end, inscribed in screen-printed black ink "In Treuer Kameradschaft Stabsbatterie A. R. 227" above the swastika at one end and "Unserem Kameraden Ernest PORPS" above the swastika at the other end, 153 mm x 2, 170 mm, exhibiting edge wear and creasing); and Netherlands Flag (flag itself composed of four horizontal panels, the outer red and blue panels in a thin, airy cotton, the central panel composed of two white cotton panels, hoist sleeve sewn on the left side, its underlying base in white cotton with the airy blue cotton sewn to it as a covering, four blue cloth ties sewn to the hoist sleeve, stitching in white thread throughout, 855 mm x 1, 980 mm, exhibiting holes in the red and blue panels, along with soiling evident on the white central panel. Very fine A 1942 Dutch W.A. Spring March Badge - In zinc, 28.7mm(width) x 39.3, mm(height), in very fine condition. Given to participants of the 25 KM march held on July 12, 1942, in Assen; scarce badge A Dutch N.S.N.A.P. March of 1938 Medal - Bronze medal, 35mm, maker marked on reverse, in very fine condition, scarce. A WWII Dutch Landwacht Armband A Second War Dutch NSB EM Sleeve Insignia A Dutch “De Nationale Jeugdstorm (NJS)” Arm Badge A 1940 National Socialist Movement NSB Goudsberg Meeting Badge A 1943 Occupied Holland Amsterdam to Weesp March Badge An Amsterdam-Weesp March Badge 1943 Netherlands: Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the City of Amsterdam''s coat-of-arms, surrounded by the inscription "MARSCH AMSTERDAM-WEESP / 20-3-''43", 30.2 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered silvering wear, light contact, near extremely fine. Netherlands. Silvered zinc, unmarked, illustrating the City of Amsterdam''s coat-of-arms, surrounded by the inscription "MARSCH AMSTERDAM-WEESP / 20-3-''43", 30.2 mm, horizontal pinback, scattered silvering wear, light contact, near extremely fine. Netherlands: (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland = NSB) Brown painted and silvered black bakelite, unmarked, illustrating a downward-pointing sword and a broom, with various insignias at the base, inscribed "GOUDSBERG" above "VRIJHEID EN RECHT" at the upper left, dated "1940" at the far left and marked "NSB" at the far right, inscribed "ONGERECHTIGHEID" at the bottom Arm badge in machine embroidered blue, white orange and black threads, 70mm (2 ¾ inches) in diameter, in very fine condition; this type of badge was worn on sleeve by the Dutch Stormers (Storm Troopers). Very scarce badge. Footnote: The Dutch "Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging" (National Socialist Movement) was founded by Anton Mussert in December of 1931; one of the sections mirrored German HJ, hence, Mussert established a youth branch, called "Nationale Jeugdstorm" in May 1934. Similar to German counterpart, this branch was further divided into male and female sections, based on the age of the participants. Male section (aged 14-17) was the designated as Stormers (Storm Troopers A Dutch NSB Storm Troopers Medal 1932-1935 - "Nationaal-Socialistische Bewweging in Nederland". Bronze, obverse illustrating the "wolf hook" insignia of the Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA) inside an open ended wreath of oak leaves, reverse inscribed "ALLES VOOR HET VADERLAND 1932-1935" (All for the Fatherland), 36 mm, lightly soiled original ribbon with pinback, light contact, near extremely fine. Footnote: Between 1931 and 1935, the National Socialist Movement party had its own paramilitary organization, the black uniformed Weerbaarheidsafdeling (WA), similar to the Sturmabteilung of the Nazi Party. The WA or Storm Troopers was formed in 1932, but disbanded in 1935 under a government decree prohibiting all Para military, political militias. The WA was reactivated after the start of the occupation in 1940. In November 1942, the tenth anniversary of its formation, the founder, Anton Mussert, instituted a “Strjdersteken der WA” literally “Fighters Badge”, but “Old Fighters” or “Veterans” Medal is closer to the sense of the original. Anyone who had served in the WA or in the militias of the NSNAP or “Dinaso”, now absorbed into the WA, was eligible, as were members of the “Mussert – Garde”. The first awards were made in January 1943. A Wartime Signed Daybook Page of NSB Leader Anton Mussert Offered is 1 of 15 pages from a wartime period daybook containing a signature collection. Each page contains a newspaper clipping image as well as a period signature. This particular pages contains the picture and signature of leader of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB), Anton Mussert. The page itself measures 14.8x19.9 cm newspaper clipping measuring 5.5x7.3cm; The picture is a newspaper cut-out. The page carries Mussert’s signature in black ink, as well as his position, written in Dutch. Below this there is another newspaper cut-out of a headline, stating: NSB. New forces in the Netherlands. ; Thierack’s signature is strong and in black ink. Anton Adriaan Mussert (1894–1946) was one of the founders and the leader of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB). During the war he worked with the Nazis to suppress Dutch resistance to the occupation. A Mint NSB Medal of German Citizens Interned by the Dutch Government in its Original Case of Issue This is a medal of the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB); in cast bronze; measuring 40.09 mm in diameter; mint condition. In original case of issue; constructed of paper carton with a cotton base; top of the lid embossed in black with “10-14.May.1940”; measuring 48 mm x 48 mm; mint condition This medal was given by the NSB members and German citizens supporting the National Socialist cause in the Netherlands, who were interned by the Dutch Government during the German invasion from May 10 - May 14, 1940. The medal features a NSB Wolfsengel and a swastika to emphasize the bond between the NSB and the Third Reich A 1936 Allgemeine SS NCO Dienstmütze; SS-RZM Tagged This is a textbook example of an extremely well preserved Allgemeine SS Visor Cap/Dienstmütze of the Type 1936. It is a traditionally early saddle-shaped cap, constructed of fine pre-war quality black gabardine wool, featuring its traditional high peak and low “crushed” sides. The crown is ordained with fine white cotton piping, as well as on the top and bottom edges of the cap band. The fabric spanning around the crown is tight, and without signs of mothing, and without significant signs of wear or age. The cap band is equally crafted of fine black gabardine wool and is decorated with a beautifully detailed silvered tombac eagle insignia on the peak of the cap, with approximately 90% of the original silvering intact. Directly below the white piping, in the centre of the cap, is a second pattern SS (1914-1945) visor skull in cupal. The visor is crafted of glossy black lacquered Vulkanfiber, with a raised molded ridge running along the outer brim. The underside of the visor is lightly textured in a chequered pattern, is painted in a rusty brown colour, and features a stamp in black ink with the SS runes surrounded by the letters “RZM” (Reichszeugmeisterei) on the right side. The two-piece black leather chin strap rests directly on the visor, featuring adjustment buckles on either side of the cap, with an additional central loop below the skull. It is slotted and wrapped around black finished magnetic metal buttons on either side of the cap. On the interior, this cap features a 45 mm wide butterscotch colour sweatband that is perforated along the front edge with five tiny rows of forty ventilation holes per row. It is sewn together at the back of the cap and then attached to the interior of the via light brown cotton twill. The sidewalls of the cap are lined in rusty-brown colored cotton/rayon blended fabric, featuring a SS-RZM (Schutzstaffel-Reichszeugmeisterei) oilcloth tag. Although it is not marked by the manufacturer, it is marked “Tuchmütze für SS” (Cloth Cap for SS), “Hersteller” (Manufacturer), “Gesetz vom 20.12.1934 / Uniformteile müssen sichtbar das Schutzzeichen der RZM der NSDAP tragen - Bekanntmachung vom 16.1.1935” (Law from 20.12.1934 / Uniforms must be visible with the protection mark of the RZM of the NSDAP - Order of 16.1.1935), and is numbered “121967” in black ink. The dome is lined in matching rust-coloured synthetic moisture-resistant fabric, sporting a diamond-shaped celluloid moisture shield, stamped on the lining in gold-coloured ink with large SS runes inside a circle, as well as “56” for sizing. The crown of the cap measures approximately 248 mm x 234 mm, with a 185 mm interior diameter. Overall, this cap has stood the test of time, and is exceptionally preserved, with only minor signs of gentle wear, in near mint condition. A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Membership Stick Pin A Dutch NSB/NSKK Volunteer’s Eastern Front Honour Badge A Scarce BeVo EM/NCO''s "Nederland" Cufftitle This cufftitle appears unissued, unworn, measures approximately 42cm (or 16 ¾ inches), a textbook BeVo style example, in near mint condition A National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch A textbook example of a NSB (Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland/National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands” Black shirts sleeve patch; fine quality BeVo style embroidery in red, orange, and black threading; measuring 73 mm x 60 mm; better than extremely fine condition. A Dutch NSB Officer’s Tunic Sleeve Patch A NSB National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands Black Shirts Sleeve Patch An example of a Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB) black shirts sleeve patch; in fine BeVo style machine embroidery in red, white, orange, gold, and blue embroidery; measuring 75 mm x 63mm; and unissued example, but with a manufacturing error in the embroidery on the left side of the shield; in near extremely fine condition. A 1935 Dutch NSB Regional Celebration Badge A 1935 NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) regional celebration badge; in bronze; horizontal pinback; unmarked; measuring 41 mm x 28 mm; very fine condition A NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) Officer’s tunic sleeve patch; constructed of red and black wool with a Wolfsangel in the centre constructed of golden-yellow machine embroidery, and with a matching twisted piping on all three edges of the patch; the reverse with a cotton liner with three button-clasps; measuring 95 mm x 83 mm; better than extremely fine condition A Dutch NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) NSKK Volunteer''s Eastern Honour Badge; in copper wash zink; missing vertical pinback; measuring 51.64 mm x 47.30 mm; in ground A Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland (NSB) membership stick pin; in gilded bronze and blue enamels; unmarked; 42 mm knurled pin; measuring 18 mm in diameter; near extremely fine condition An Iron Cross 1939 Second Class by Arbeitsgemeinschaft of Hanau An “Eisernes Kreuz 1939 2. Klasse”; white metal cross pattée of multi-piece construction with a blackened iron core (magnetic) within a white metal ribbed border; on loop for suspension - clearly marked “25” for “Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Graveur Gold und Silverschiede Innungen, Hanau”; with its period original ribbon - sewn together at the ends; the obverse with a raised central mobile swastika with A Second War Dutch NSB Mussert Cross A textbook example of a Dutch NSB (National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands/Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging in Nederland) Mussert Cross; in fire gilded bronze, and white, black, and pebbled red enamels; a Maltese Cross with crossed swords in-between the arms, and an enameled medallion in the centre depicting a gilded mobile swastika and a wolfsangel, with oak leaves on the bottom; the reverse with a similar enameled medallion, inscribed “Mussert 1941” in the centre, circumscribed with “Hou En Trou” and with oak leaves; on a loop for suspension, and with its period-original ribbon, and medal ribbon bar with swords; measuring 37.86 mm x 37.92 mm; better than very fine condition
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Philomathia Foundation | Promoting Human Values and Science through Education and Research
The second phase of the interdisciplinary Philomathia Social Sciences Research Programme, a collaboration between the Philomathia Foundation and the University, has been launched to enable further pioneering work in addressing some of the major issues facing humanity today. SUMMARY OF PHASE 1 (2013-2018) Faculty of History (2013/14) Historicising the Measurement of Inequality PI - Dr Pedro Ramos Pinto In my current work I am interested in understanding how contemporary inequalities are shaped by the past, bringing a more long-term view to explain how and why societies distribute resources, opportunities and capabilities. As part of this, I direct a research network on the topic of Inequality and History, which was started by an AHRC grant. Most recently I worked with Dr Poornima Paidipaty on the history of the measurement of inequality, supported by a grant from the Philomathia Trust. During 2018-2019 I will be a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the International Inequalities Institute at the London School of Economics. I am also interested in the history and political economy of welfare. One aspect of this concerns the creation, evolution and implications of authoritarian welfare regimes in Southern Europe and Latin America. This has evolved from earlier work which explored the interaction between the Portuguese Dictatorship and its citizens to explain the emergence of social movements of the urban poor during the Carnation Revolution (1974-1976), a theme which is explored in my book Lisbon Rising (2013).In addition, I continue to have an interest on the study of social movements and protest, both in historical and in contemporary perspective. Fellow- Dr Poornima Paidipaty I hold a PhD in Anthropology from Columbia University as well as an MA from Jawaharlal Nehru University and a BA from Yale University. My academic work focuses on the intersections of decolonization, governance, and modern social science. As part of the Philomathia funded project, 'The Measure of Inequality', I am currently researching the history and legacy of statistics and planning in postcolonial India. Alongside this work, I am completing a book,  Tribal Nation, which explores the history of anthropology in the Indian subcontinent and charts the relationship between military science, political culture, and citizenship in India's tribal borderlands. Prior to coming to Cambridge, I was a member of the Society of Fellows at the University of Chicago. In addition to the generous sponsorship through Philomathia, my work has been supported by the Isaac Newton Trust, the British Academy, the Wenner-Gren Foundation, the School for Advanced Research, and the American Institute for Indian Studies. The widening gap between India's rich and poor is captured by the National Sample Survey (NSS), an organization founded in 1950, which gathers data from roughly 14, 000 Indian villages and localities to provide a snapshot of how the population at large is faring. The NSS and its pioneering role in the measurement of poverty and inequality are some of the important subjects to explore how different modern societies have gauged social and economic disparity. As a nation, India is undergoing a profound transformation, but rapid growth has come hand in hand with rising inequality as well as growing disparity between rural and urban areas. NSS data remains one of the best resources for understanding and tracking these changes. As more of this information circulates in the public domain, it becomes all the more crucial to appreciate how such data is produced. Paidipaty's work on the history of the NSS offers a fascinating glimpse into one of the most significant and early mid-century precursors to contemporary developments in big data. Summary of project In July 2017, we held an international research conference at Cambridge University entitled Measuring Matters, which brought together leading scholars in economics, international history, sociology, anthropology and gender studies to examine the history and politics of measuring inequality. In addition to generous funds from the Philomathia Foundation, we were able to raise more than £7, 000 for this event from CRASSH, the Economic History Society and the History Faculty's Ellen McArthur Trust. Our keynote speakers were Alice O'Conner (UCSB) and Sanjay Reddy (New School University). On the final evening of our conference we held a public event that featured Sanjay Reddy in conversation with Ha-Joon Chang (Cambridge) and Omar Khan (Runnymede Trust). The History of Political Economy has accepted our proposal to collect and publish the conference papers as a special issue of their journal. 9 essays from this event have been submitted for peer review (including an article by Dr. Paidipaty). The issue is scheduled for publication in May 2020. It will include an introductory essay by Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty, as well as an afterword by Dr. Sanjay Reddy. Dr. Ramos Pinto and Dr. Paidipaty are finalizing plans for a book on the history of inequality, tentatively titled Inequality: A Global History. This work will incorporate many of the insights gleaned from the Measuring Inequality conferences and MPhil course at Cambridge. We are in conversation with both CUP and Princeton about publishing this work, and expect to deliver the finished manuscript by December 2021. Department of Sociology (2013/14) (In)fertility, Education and Reproductive Health PIs – Prof Jacqueline Scott and Prof Sarah Franklin Professor Jacqueline Scott trained at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor where she received her PhD in 1987. She has held a variety of survey related positions before joining the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences (now HSPS) in 1994. Jackie was the Director of the Detroit Area Study, from 1989-1990; and Director of the ESRC Centre on Micro-Social Change, at the University of Essex from 1990-1994, where she was responsible for the initial design and implementation of the British Household Panel Study (now Understanding Society). Jackie was a Guest Professor, Zentrum für Umfragen, Methoden und Analysen (ZUMA). Mannheim, Germany (1993, 2005). From 2004-2010 she was the Director of the ESRC Research Priority Network on Gender Inequalities in Production and Reproduction. This was the largest research multi-disciplinary network of its kind in the UK. Jackie co-ordinated projects across eight British universities that investigated different aspects of the way women and men's roles and lifestyles have changed. The common goal of the Network was to understand why gender inequalities remains one of the most pressing social issues of our time and to identify ways that greater equality may be achieved. Professor Sarah Franklin moved from the London School of Economics to take up the Chair of Sociology at Cambridge in October 2011. In 2012 she received awards from the Wellcome Trust, ESRC, and British Academy to establish the Reproductive Sociology Research Group (ReproSoc) which has since gone on to become one of the leading research centres in the rapidly expanding field of reproductive studies. Fellow – Dr Nitzan Peri-Rotem I hold an undergraduate degree in Sociology and Communication (2005) and a Master's degree in Demography and Anthropology (2009) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In 2015, I completed a DPhil in Sociology at Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Before moving to the UK, I gained experience working as Head of Branch for Social Statistical Analyses at the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics. In 2014, I was appointed as Philomathia Research Associate at the University of Cambridge until June 2017, when I took the position of a Lecturer in Social Policy at the University of Exeter. I continue to collaborate with Professor Franklin and the Reproductive Sociology Research Group in Cambridge on various projects, including the new interdisciplinary research project 'Changing (In)Fertilities', which is funded by the Wellcome Trust and is aimed at exploring how assisted reproductive technologies are changing the ways in which fertility and infertility are perceived and practiced. Summary of project The research project '(In)Fertility, Education and Reproductive Health' explored recent trends in reproductive behaviour in the UK and the rest of Europe amid global demographic, societal and technological developments of the past decades. In particular, the increase in women's education, has been one of the major driving forces of changing fertility patterns, including the ongoing rise in age at first birth. These trends have important implications for population ageing in Europe, as well as for individuals' ability to fulfil their own fertility aspirations. As part of this project, we analysed data from the British Household Panel Survey and the UK Household Longitudinal Study to examine changes in union formation and fertility patterns among men and women in Britain from 1991 to 2012. We found that marriage rates are declining more steeply among individuals with secondary or lower level of education compared to highly educated people, and that childbearing outside a stable union continues to be disproportionately higher among low educated women in Britain. These patterns both reflect and preserve social inequalities, since children growing up in non-intact families tend to have poorer life prospects compared to those living in more stable settings. The findings from this study were presented by Dr Peri-Rotem in several international academic conferences, including the European Sociological Association, Vienna Institute of Demography and the British Society for Population Studies. Apart from the research work on education and fertility, in May 2016, we hosted an international forum in Cambridge on 'Changing Fertility: Social, Demographic and Ethical Consequences of Assisted Reproductive Technologies'. This forum has brought together academic scholars, health professionals and members of non-governmental organizations to discuss the consequences of ART use on fertility patterns in post-industrialized societies. The forum has also formed the basis for a position paper, describing the spread of IVF use across Europe and its potential implications for fertility and public health, as well as recommended policies to address infertility. This paper was presented by Dr Peri-Rotem at the 3rd Annual Philomathia Symposium, as part of an organized session on 'Reproduction in an Era of Bio-Tech Revolution' which was chaired by Professor Sarah Franklin. Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) (2014/15) The consequences of the politics of austerity in the EU PI - Helen Thompson I am a Professor of Political Economy. I have been at Cambridge since 1994 and am at present Deputy Head of the School of the Humanities and Social Sciences. I'm a regular panellist on Talking Politics. My present work is focused on the historical origins of the post-2008 economic and political world and the crises it is generating for western countries. More particularly my recent work covers the political economy of oil, Brexit and the euro zone crisis. Fellow – Juan Munoz-Portillo In 2013, I received my PhD in Politics and International Relations from Dublin City University. Prior to moving to Cambridge I was a Post-doctoral Fellow at Dublin City University. Between 2014 and 2017 I worked with Prof Andrew Gamble, Dr Helen Thompson and Dr Pieter van Houten on the project "The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union". This project consisted of two parts. The first stage documented and analysed the specific ways in which states in the EU have implemented fiscal austerity programs. The second stage analysed various social and political consequences of the politics of austerity. My research interests lie in comparative political economy and international political economy, in particular, but not solely, electoral systems and the behaviour of legislators, the influence of political institutions on public spending, and politics and sovereign debt. After leaving the University of Cambridge in September 2017, I returned to Costa Rica, where I worked during one year as an adjunct staff member of the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. During that time I also worked as a consultant for the Latin American Faculty of the Social Sciences (FLACSO) and the Latin American Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. I have been recently appointed, in January 2019, lecturer of International Politics at the School of Political Science of the University of Costa Rica. I expect to continue my research on fiscal austerity policies in the European Union. I also aim to apply my understanding of fiscal austerity policies developed during the course of the Philomathia project to the Latin American context, using the methodology myself and my principal supervisor in Cambridge applied. Summary of project The project 'The consequences of the politics of austerity in the European Union' officially terminated on 30 September 2017. During this time two papers were prepared and two international conferences were attended. At the time of writing, Pieter van Houten, one of the principal investigators, is engaged in leading collaborative papers arising from the project. We expect to get them published in the near future. In our Report of activities 2015 – 2016 we reported that we decided to adopt a narrative approach for our analysis of austerity policies in EU member states. A narrative method consists of the study of official records and sometimes news, based on theoretically defined criteria, seeking to identify policy decisions that are motivated by the intentions of authorities to reduce deficits and public debt, and not by other confounding factors. In other words, it is a way of isolating the effect of fiscal consolidation decisions from other variables that might simultaneously be having an influence on changes in public revenues and expenditures. They presented this paper at the 7th Annual Conference of the European Political Science Association, held in Milan on 22–24 June 2017. Juan and Pieter, with the support of the Philomathia Programme, organised the panel 'Comparative Approaches to the Study of Causes and Consequences of Fiscal Austerity Policies in the European Union' that was presented at the Council of European Studies' 24th International Conference of Europeanists, held in Glasgow on 12-14 July 2017. Prof Klaus Armingeon of the University of Bern and Prof Stefano Sacchi of the University of Milan, presented the paper 'Austerity. Where and Why Politics Still Matters' at this panel. Dr Michael Breen (Dublin City University) gave the paper 'Daily Judgement: Political News and Financial Markets'. Also in this panel Juan and Pieter presented their work 'Explaining the Magnitude and Composition of Fiscal Austerity Episodes in the European Union.' Each of these papers was discussed by Prof Sebastian Dellepiane-Avellaneda of the University of Glasgow. All of the presenters and the discussant have published their research on austerity policies in Europe in important political science journals (Armingeon 2012; McMenamin, Breen, and Muñoz-Portillo 2015; Dellepiane-Avellaneda and Hardiman 2014) Faculty of Law (2015/16) The Law of Energy Transitions PI – Prof Jorge Vinuales I hold the Harold Samuel Chair of Law and Environmental Policy at the University of Cambridge and is the founder and former Director of the Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG). I'm also the Chairman of the Compliance Committee of the UN-ECE/WHO-Europe Protocol on Water and Health, a member of the Panel of Arbitrators of the Shanghai International Arbitration Centre and the Director-General of the Latin American Society of International Law. Prior to joining Cambridge, I was the Pictet Chair of International Environmental Law at the Graduate Institute, Geneva, where I keep a limited affiliation as Adjunct Professor of Public International Law. I have a wide experience as a practitioner, both in an advisory and a litigation context. I was associate, counsel and of counsel with two major law firms specialised in international law for a decade. In addition to this work for the UNECE/WHO, I have served as arbitrator, counsel, expert and, earlier in my career, as secretary of arbitration tribunals in inter-State, investment and commercial disputes. I regularly advise governments, companies, international organisations or major NGOs on different matters of environmental law, investment law, human rights, maritime delimitation and public international law at large. Fellow – Dr Leslie-Anne Duvic-Paoli I am a Lecturer at The Dickson Poon School of Law. Before joining King's College London in August 2017, I was Philomathia Post-doctoral Research Associate in the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge. I am a public international lawyer, with expertise in international environmental law and climate and energy law. I am particularly interested in understanding the nature and content of its principles: her monograph, entitled The Prevention Principle in International Environmental Law, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. A recording of the book launch event held at King's in October 2018 is available here. My research also looks at the energy transition to a low-carbon economy from an international and comparative law perspective. I work on the global legal implications of energy democratisation and the importance of participatory mechanisms in the design of inclusive energy systems. In addition, I'm starting a new research agenda on the 'water-energy-food' nexus in global governance: it investigates the gap between, on the one hand, its increasing relevance as a theoretical concept describing the interconnections between complex systems and presented as a solution to foster sustainable development; and, on the other hand, the limited interactions between specialized international legal regimes. I hold Master's degrees in international relations / political science from Sciences Po Paris and in public law from the University of Panthéon-Sorbonne, and a PhD (summa cum laude) in international law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva. Summary of project The PI brought a visiting Postdoctoral Research Associate (PDRA), Dr Tibisay Morgandi, supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, whose research was closely aligned with the subject of the Project and was further supported with a small grant from the Philomathia Foundation to build a database. Dr Morgandi was also able to secure a permanent position (a Lectureship) in the University of London (Queen Mary) starting in September 2018, largely due to her involvement in the activities on global energy governance emerging from the project. This is another indication of the success of the Project in launching the career of aspiring academics. The PI secured a small grant from the Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme to hire a part-time PDRA, Dr Maria Augusta Paim, to complete some of the data collection work initially envisioned for the third year of the Project. This work is still ongoing. In addition to launching the career of aspiring academics, the Project resulted (1) in a stream of important publications on energy governance, (2) in the organization of several events, including two high-profile ones, and (3) in some enduring extensions in the form of a Platform and Research Network, a Database on bilateral energy agreements, and subsequent research projects. Department of Land Economy (2015/16) Realising Genomic Medicine PI – Dr Kathy Liddell I undertook my doctorate in law at the University of Oxford focussing on the regulation of controversial genetic technologies in morally pluralist societies. In addition to substantial experience in academia, I worked in private legal practice and in public sector legal services for a health department. This work history has provided me with a solid knowledge of commercial realities and needs, as well as experience in legal policymaking. I have degrees in law and science from the University of Melbourne and bioethics from Monash University, and is a strong advocate of interdisciplinary research. My research focuses on health, medicine and society, with the aim of understanding and improving the legal frameworks that govern and support innovation in this field. A key theme in my research is to examine ways in which intellectual property rights help and hinder the translation of medical discoveries into effective, affordable clinical treatments and diagnoses, and how such frameworks could be modified to be more effective and just. Currently, I'm involved with an international collaboration which aims to investigate intellectual property law in five areas of bioinnovation: (i) repurposing pharmaceuticals; (ii) antibiotics; (iii) biologics; (iv) rare diseases; and (v) machine-learning based precision medicine. Fellow – Dr John Liddicoat I was the Philomathia Research Associate in Law at the University of Cambridge. I was working on a research project analysing intellectual property issues that interface with the realisation of genomic medicine. My research was funded by the Wellcome Trust, Cambridge University and the Philomathia Foundation. I adopt a variety of research methodologies including doctrinal legal research and established empirical methods, as well as developing new, science-inspired quantitative methods. The Philomathia project was very beneficial for my career and the development of the Centre for Law, Medicine and Life Sciences (LML). The Centre was established just prior to the commencement of the Philomathia project, and is now collaborating with an elite group of research centres on a range of topics. At the conclusion of the Philomathia Fellowship, I began a new position on 30 November 2018 as a Senior Research Associate with the Law Faculty at the University of Cambridge. This is a more senior role and is part of a large international research collaboration between Cambridge University, Harvard University, Copenhagen University and Michigan University. The collaboration is led by Professor Timo Minssen at the University of Copenhagen, who was inspired to work with LML after seeing its work on the Philomathia project. Furthermore, many of the lines of enquiry which commenced with the Philomathia project continue to be pursued in the international collaboration. Alongside the collaborative research, I also continued some independent research. Notably I published several articles based on my PhD thesis, and co-authored work with colleagues around the world. I have had the opportunity to travel to Hong Kong during my tenure as Philomathia Fellow. Together with colleagues from the LML, I was the guest of Professor Terry Kaan at the Centre for Medical Ethics and Law, HKU, Dr Anthony Ng (WYNG Foundation) and Dr Ron Zimmern (Hatton Trust). This was a terrific trip, and a good opportunity for our Philomathia research team to present its research results in Hong Kong. Summary of project Genomic medicine is an emerging discipline that involves using genetic information about a patient as part of their clinical care. Since the sequencing of the human genome, a key goal has been to make genomic medicine an everyday reality. However, scientific research that recognises a correlation between genetic make-up and a future health outcome is not enough. Considerably more research is necessary to understand how genes, drugs and other environmental factors work together, and how they work in particular individuals. This research involves complex and high-powered data analysis, and resource-intensive translation into effective molecular test and drug-test combinations. It is a multi-faceted challenge with scientific, regulatory, legal, ethical and financial aspects. In this project we were investigating two topics in which intellectual property (IP) laws support, and potentially hinder, the realisation of clinically-useful genomic developments. Overall, the project has been successful beyond our expectations. We have published (or have in review) nine peer-reviewed articles, three in Nature Biotechnology, and several more to be submitted for publication shortly. We've also organised six symposia or workshops, advised government on several issues tied to our project, and obtained seven grants (totalling around £66, 000). In summary, the Philomathia Fellowship provided an inspiring and productive three years for our research, collaboration, centre development, and engagement in broader society. We are most grateful to the Philomathia Foundation for making it all possible. Phase 2 (2018-23) Department of Geography (2018-21) PI – Dr Bhaskar Vira My research interests centre on the changing political economy of environment and development, especially in South Asia; with a particular interest in the political ecology of forests, water, food, wildlife and landuse change and the social and political context for biodiversity conservation. I am concerned, in particular, with the often-hidden costs of environmental and developmental processes, and the need for scholarship to draw attention to the distributional consequences of public policy choices. My work focuses on the ways in which large-scale economic, societal and environmental transformations are governed, the values that frame how human societies engage with each other and with nature, and the networks of formal and informal institutions that are intertwined in everyday decision making across a variety of spatial and temporal scales. I apply a critical political economy perspective to contemporary debates in relation to ecosystem services and natural capital, and the values of nature for human wellbeing. I have led large scale intellectual and policy-oriented projects that involve interdisciplinary conversations across the natural and social sciences. Trained as an economist, but with a portfolio of research that now engages across the critical social sciences and their interface with the biological and environmental natural sciences, I inhabit the interdisciplinary intellectual 'borderlands' of a number of disciplines (Human Geography, Development Studies, Institutional Economics, Environmental Studies and Conservation), while being firmly rooted in the political economy tradition. Fellow – Dr Katarzyna Cieslik I am a postdoctoral research associate at the Department of Geography, University of Cambridge, specializing in Development Studies. My research focuses on the interactions among society, policy and environment, and their implications for sustainable development in the Global South. In particular, I'm interested in agency, entrepreneurship and civic potency of individuals in addressing the pressing development challenges related to sustainable livelihoods. I have recently completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Wageningen University and hold a PhD in Development Economics and Management from the Université libre de Bruxelles. I have conducted research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Kyrgyzstan, Peru, Colombia and Burundi. I've published on topics ranging from microfinance and entrepreneurship to social economy and development policy in World Development, Oxford Development Studies Journal and European Journal for Development Research. My research is highly practice-oriented; I have cooperated with UNICEF Burundi Innovation Lab agencies as well as a number of local NGOs in South America (CONDESAN, AGAPE) and Asia (Practical Action, Mountain Societies Research Institute). Summary of project Dr. Cieslik's work at Cambridge, together with Professor Bhaskar Vira and Dame Barbara Stocking, focuses on youth and livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa, with a particular focus on public policy challenges for employment creation. The persistent rise in youth populations Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue until at least 2100. Developing locally and nationally appropriate employment policies and interventions is a key public policy challenge across the continent. Department of Social Anthropology (2018-21) PI – Dr Perveez Mody I have conducted ethnographic fieldwork in Delhi, and specifically in a District court, where I looked at the legal and informal processes whereby couples legitimate their love through marriage. I am interested in anthropological theories about the constitution of castes and "communities" in India, the history of civil marriage law from the colonial into the post-colonial period, the politics of religious nationalism, changes in South Asian kinship, marriage and urban sexuality (sexual relations, conjugality, gender and the family), law and human rights and the ways in which the modern state transforms and bears witness to intimate relations such as those expressed in a love-marriage. My current work concerns an ethnography of South Asian marriage and kinship amongst two ethno-religious groups in East London. Fellow – Dr Maria Ignacia Arteaga Perez I graduated from Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile with a BA (Hons.) in Sociology and came to the UK to pursue postgraduate studies in Social Anthropology. I hold an MSc. in Medical Anthropology (2014) and a PhD in Anthropology (2018) from University College London. My main research interest is in caregiving — its practices, possibilities and limits in different institutions and political economies. I explore this theme ethnographically. In the last seven years, I have looked at experiences of ageing, youth, disability and life-threatening medical conditions cross-culturally. My PhD thesis examined the everyday lives of colorectal cancer treatments in London (UK) through an analysis of the caregiving practices that both structure the treatment pathway and afford research participants the possibility of 'getting on with life'. I am currently a teaching associate and affiliated lecturer in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge. Alongside my teaching role, I am preparing research outputs in the form of peer-reviewed papers, a special issue, and a book manuscript based on my doctoral research, also co-organising a multidisciplinary workshop on practices of disease stratification. Summary of project From July 2019, I will be working with Dr Maryon McDonald and Dr Perveez Mody on a project related to the early detection of cancer in the UK, undertaking ethnographic research within a broad field that concerns the development of diagnostic technologies through to their clinical use and social effects.
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Honoring the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation. Upholding the authority of Scripture. - No Peace with Rome
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Delhi Tuition Guru provides home tuition tutors for all subjects and aipmt,iit,ca,cpt,ipcc,cs classes, Jbt,d.ed,b.ed,b.c.a,b.com ,m.b.a ,mbbs admission .call us 8527279058,9205632088
Delhi Tuition Guru provides home tuition and tutors for all subjects.call us 8527279058, 9205632088 jbt/d.ed/b.ed/m.ed admission delhi/gwalior/ccsu/crsu/mdu/mp
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NSFI – National Skills Foundation of India
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PERS LOGISTICS - Her Zaman Bir Adım Önde
Parsiyel iran, irana parsiyel, Lojistik, İran'a lojistik, iran parsiyel, iran nakliye, iran nakliyat, iran nakliye firmaları, iran parsiyel, iran grupaj, i
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Cinco Bayou
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antoine noah band - Showband,Entertainer,Unterhaltung,Entertainment
antoine-noah-band.com ist eine Band mit hohem Unterhaltungswert. Entertainment und Musik für große Abende.
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Chung, Malhas & Mantel, PLLC | Chung, Malhas and Mantel, PLLC
The April 2015 Pragma General Assembly Meeting was held on 17th April at Paris California Champs-Elysées hotel. 25 Pragma members from 10 countries attended. A view of the meeting During this meeting, we were pleased to introduce the following new members: Ukraine, Kiev PLP LAW GROUP www.plp.kiev.ua USA, Seattle CHUNG, MALHAS & MANTEL, PLLC www.cmmlawfirm.com The entry of these new members will strengthen Pragma's expertise, especially in commercial law and immigration law. Pragma would like to thank all participants for their thoughtful and positive comments. Group photo of Pragma members and contacts who attended Paris April 2015 meetings, in front of the House of the Lawyers' Paris Bar Association. The following offices were represented: Interconsulting (Milan, Italy), Goulston & Storrs (Boston, New York, USA), PLP Law Group (Kiev, Ukraine), ASP Anwaltskanzlei (Münster, Germany), Manubens Abogados (Barcelona, Madrid, Spain), Juristes Associés d'Ile de France (Paris, France), Jean-Claude Coulon Partenaires (Paris, France), Teynier Pic (Paris, France), RadcliffesLeBrasseur (London, United Kingdom), Vera Abogados (Bogotá, Colombia), Juristes Associés du Centre (Clermont-Ferrand, France), Cuevas Abogados (Santiago, Chile), Alvarez Valenzuela Abogados (Mexico City, Mexico), Chung, Malhas & Mantel, PLLC (Seattle, USA). In the afternoon, a conference on International Arbitration was held at the House of the Lawyers' Paris Bar Association. A view of the House of the Lawyers' Paris Bar Association. On the right, new Pragma members and potential new members. Welcome aboard! Chung, Malhas & Mantel will be traveling to Santiago, Chile for a Pragma meeting to promote business in Washington State.
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Housing Authority – Cass Lake, MN – Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe Housing Authority – www.llboha.org
The mission of the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe Housing Authority is to develop affordable homes and housing opportunities for all Native American families on the Leech Lake Reservation, to provide efficient/sensitive services that lead to self-sufficient tenant/home owners and healthy safe communities.
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Delco Property Investors
—————————————————————————————————————————————– NEXT MEETING – TUESDAY May 14th, 2019 6PM – 9PM (approximate) Meetings are held at the Clarion Hotel (Formerly Ramada Inn) on Route 291 in Essington ——————————————————————– Info Depot (6PM – 7:00 PM approximate)  Speaker – Various Veteran Investors Topic – Informal round-table discussion where our “veteran” investors will answer any questions you may […]
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COMSTECH Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Ministerial on Scientific and Technological Cooperation
COMSTECH is a Ministerial Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation established by the Third Summit Islamic of OIC held at Makkah
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Pacific Beach Democratic Club – Serving Pacific Beach, Mission Beach, Bay Ho, Bay Park, and Mission Bay
Serving Pacific Beach, Mission Beach, Bay Ho, Bay Park, and Mission Bay
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The International Marlowe-Shakespeare Society
Our Belief is that Christopher Marlowe - in his day England''s greatest playwright - did not die in 1593 but survived to write most of what is now assumed to be the work of William Shakespeare.
plays, english, cambridge, verse, marlowe, found, government, edward, degree, christopher, years, service, time, religion, left, good, council, privy, body, inquest
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Natural Gas Vehicles | CNG Houston | NGV Stations | CNG Texas
Greater Houston NGV Alliance is focused on developing new and expanding natural gas transportation markets, refueling stations and raising awareness of natural gas vehicles to both policy makers and general public.
houston, natural, texas, vehicle, vehicles, turnkey, stations, equipment
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| Infrastructure Development Industries | KAIZEN International Contractor
Bridges, roads, railways, airports, ports and maritime works, hydraulic works, desalination, purification, drinking water treatment, hospitals, concessions, etc
infrastructure, crane, construction, companies, sale, management, services, company, development, tower, equipment, cranes, rental, energy, projects, africa, truck, data, news, service
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Cork Camera Group
Welcome to Cork Camera Group
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Atlantic Council
The Atlantic Council promotes constructive leadership and engagement in international affairs based on the central role of the Atlantic Community in meeting global challenges. Founded in 1961, the Council provides an essential forum for navigating the dramatic shifts in economic and political influence that are shaping the twenty-first century by educating and galvanizing its uniquely influential, nonpartisan network of international political, business, and intellectual leaders. Through the papers we write, the ideas we promote, and the communities we build, the Council''s ten regional centers and functional programs shape today''s policy choices and foster transatlantic strategies to advance international security and global economic prosperity.
relations, tank, transatlantic, international, foreign, affairs
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The PokéCommunity Forums
This is a Pokemon forum for Pokemon fans all over the world. Discussions include games, trading card game, strategies, TV series, movies, role play, fan fiction, and trivia
pokemon, white, black, version, forum, trivia, movies, series, role, play, fiction, games, discussion, monsters, pocket, community, board, card, trading, strategies
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Doctors.net.uk - by doctors, for doctors
Doctors.net.uk is the largest professional network of UK doctors. It provides its members with free online services including an exclusive Doctors.net.uk email address, a wide range of accredited education, daily medical news, medical textbooks and a discussion forum.
medical, pharmaceutical, doctors, doctor, health, journal, education, jobs, forum, website, clinical, resources, advertising, care, edetail, healthcare, national, royal, continuing, news
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Irish News
Find the latest Northern Irish and international news including GAA, opinion, business, family notices and more from the leading Belfast-based daily newspaper
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The Libya Observer | When you need to know
The Libya Observer is Libya''s leading online news source for comprehensive and feature coverage of daily news.
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Home | Baltimore Brew
Baltimore Brew is a daily online journal featuring independent reporting and informed commentary about greater Baltimore.
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Home - Law Library of Ireland - The Bar of Ireland
The Law Library of Ireland.The General Council of the Bar of Ireland, more commonly known as the Bar Council, is the representative body for the barristers'' profession in Ireland and is governed by the Constitution of the Bar of Ireland. Its role is: to consider, report upon and make representations as it considers necessary in all matters affecting the profession; to play a key role in the conduct and arrangement of the business of the profession;to control and regulate the professional conduct of the members of the Bar; and, to secure and protect the interests of the profession.
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Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan
SudanTribune aims to promote plural information, democratic and free debate on the two Sudans.
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Film Streams — Ruth Sokolof & Dundee Movie Theaters in Omaha, Nebraska
Nonprofit organization in the Omaha-Council Bluffs metro area devoted to the presentation and discussion of film as an art form. See upcoming movie showtimes.
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Steve Meade Designs (SMD)
SteveMeadeDesigns is the leading Car Audio Forum around the world! Home of the famous Steve Meade from Youtube a.k.a Meade916! On this forum, you can find all your car audio needs in one place! All of our members are helpful/ kind and willing to help in any situation you find yourself in! We have tons of categories that will fit what you're looking for, such as General Audio, Pro Audio / Home Audio / Home Theatre, Head Units-Processors and Eq's, Amplifiers, Big D Wiz Playground - Classic to Current Car Audio and Amplifier Testing Lab!, Amp Guts, Mid's and highs, Subwoofers / Enclosures, Electrical-battery- Alternators- Wiring, Second Skin Sound Deadening and Automotive Insulation!, Sonic Electronix - Great Selection Great Prices, DC Sound Lab - Big Bass on ANOTHER LEVEL!, XS Power Batteries / Chargers! (and other stuff too), Mobile Solutions - Installer tool and training PARADISE, Sundown Audio - GREAT Amps/Subs! GREAT Customer Service!, Ascendant Audio Subwoofers/Speakers, MechMan Alternators and 12v Accessories, SKAR AUDIO - Performance Audio/Reasonable Prices!, CE Auto Electric Supply, D'Amore Engineering, wcCarAudio.com, Pride Car Audio, Incriminator Audio, & B2 Audio!
automobile, automobiles, insurance, audio, repair, association, club, sale, american, paint, museum, companies, service, parts, united, industry, calculator, stereo, shop, upholstery
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Worthington Schools Twitter Feed
Worthington City Schools is one of the top school districts in the Columbus, Ohio area.
learning, students, educational, education, schools, worthington
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Bronx Times: Your neighborhood, your news
Your neighborhood, your news.
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NCPR: North Country Public Radio
Member-supported public radio for the North Country serving communities in the Adirondacks, the St. Lawrence Valley, the Champlain Valley, the Thousand Islands, Jefferson County, Lewis County and the Tug Hill Plateau, western Vermont and the Canada border. Providing NPR and regional news, eclectic music, entertainment and arts programming
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Daily Herald Media | Wausau news, community, entertainment, yellow pages and classifieds. Serving Wausau, Wisconsin | wausaudailyherald.com
Complete coverage of Wausau area news and weather, sports, business, community, entertainment, technology, obituaries, photos, videos and opinion at wausaudailyherald.com
news, central, newspaper, wausau, wisconsin, facebook, twitter, entertainment, election, business, breaking, local, government, crime, world, national, education, weather
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Home
The corporate EHS function, which oversees environmental, health and safety compliance began to merge at the management level around 1990. The first area is environmental management, which emerged as a profession in the 1970s, following the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other state-level regulatory systems. As companies began limiting waste to prevent pollution, they needed engineers to adapt scrubbers, filters, and other process changes to existing manufacturing systems. Workplace safety and occupational health also grew in importance during this time, with the passage of legislation such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. Over time, companies developed systematic way of complying with environmental, health and safety regulations. Corporations began tracking key measures and looking for ways to improve their performance. Then, in the 1990s, improvements in data technology management made it easier for an organization to analyze its operations. Around that time, corporations began to merge oversight for environmental, health and safety programs through a new management role called EHS. The newly appointed leaders, who began their careers in one of the three sub-disciplines, started to create systems to drive EHS progress across all operations. Today, with the advent of sustainability, EHS professionals are leading corporate efforts toward sustainability. Building on their decades of experience, EHS leaders are striving to meet this challenge, creating systems to reduce energy use, conserve water, and better communicate with stakeholders. Indeed, a 2009 survey found that two-thirds of the sustainability initiatives at member companies are being led or managed by the EHS
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Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Sayıştay Başkanlığı
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Sayıştay Başkanlığı
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Pixel Perfect Gaming
“Your
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WearTech.org, WearComp.org, WearCam.org, EyeTap Digital Eye Glass, WearTech (TM) Wearable Technologies/research/consulting/public speaking/inventing/philosophy
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The Communist Bloc - It's our forum...again again
FlaskBB is a forum software written in Flask
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Online Roleplaying Site
Roleplay Adventures Games is an online community dedicated primarily to text-based online roleplaying. In addition to the great variety of themes, we allow a lot of freedom in roleplaying gaming: here you think your way, you write your way, you play your way.
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SPARC | Stratosphere-Troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate
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Solidaridad Internacional Trinitaria (C) - Solidaridad Internacional Trinitaria
Solidaridad Internacional Trinitaria
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IAS-USA | Physical Education: Bridging Clinical Research and Patient Care
The mission of the IAS–USA is to improve the prevention, treatment, care, and quality of life for people with or at risk of HIV, hepatitis C virus, or other viral infections through high-quality, relevant, balanced, and needs-oriented education and information for practitioners and scientists who are actively involved in medical care and research.The IAS–USA is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit professional education organization that has been sponsoring continuing medical education (CME) programs for physicians since 1992 and is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME).The IAS–USA has a clearly defined mission and extensive network of experienced and committed experts in the management of HIV and other viral infections, and is recognized for high-quality, independent educational programs. The primary educational and informational programs sponsored by the IAS–USA include CME Courses, Cases on the Web, development of Practice Guidelines, and electronic publication of the peer-reviewed journal Topics in Antiviral Medicine.The IAS–USA serves as the secretariat for the logistical planning and organization for the 2019 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI), which will be held in Seattle, Washington, from March 4 to March 7, 2019. For more information about the CROI conference, please visit www.CROIconference.org.The IAS–USA is not affiliated with the International AIDS Society (IAS), an international organization of members working in HIV/AIDS.
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Daily Tribune Media | Wisconsin Rapids news, community, entertainment, yellow pages and classifieds. Serving Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin | wisconsinrapidstribune.com
Complete coverage of Wisconsin Rapids area news and weather, sports, business, community, entertainment, technology, obituaries, photos, videos and opinion at wisconsinrapidstribune.com
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Home | ISSMGE - International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
The International Society had its origins in the First International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering held in Harvard in 1936. A total of 206 delegates attended from 20 countries. In order to ensure continuation of this very successful initiative, an Executive Committee was set up with Karl Terzaghi as President and Arthur Casagrande as Secretary; but war intervened and the Second ICSMFE was not held until 1948 in Rotterdam. Again this proved to be a great success, with 596 delegates. By the time of the Third ICSMFE in Zurich in 1953, the International Society had become firmly established, with Terzaghi as President and Donald Taylor as Secretary. In 1957 A W Skempton became President, and the Secretariat moved to the UK. Since 1965, the Secretaries General have been J.K.T.L. Nash (1965-1981), J.B. Burland (1981) and R.H.G. Parry (1981-1999). The quadriennial ICSMFE became an established pattern from 1953 and the Jubilee Conference was held in San Francisco in 1985, attracting 2000 delegates and guests. The first Regional Conference was the Australasian Conference held in Australia in 1952, and quadriennial Regional Conferences have also become an established pattern. In 1981 the Steering Committee was set up to give a better focus to the rapidly expanding Society. It became the Board in 1985, which meets every year, while the Council meets every two years. In 1997, Council approved a change in name to the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering to reflect more accurately the activities of the Society.
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Sisters of Charity of New York | Now in our third century of living lives of love
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PBC Limited - Premium Quality Service
PBC Limited belongs to Ghana’s most prestigious 100 companies club known as “Best 100 Companies League” (Ghana Club 100), which other companies look up to in their desire to attain commendable performance levels.
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Cameroon Intelligence Report – News from Around the World
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Ghana Districts: A repository of all Local Assemblies in Ghana
Ghana, Ghanadistricts.com, Ghanadistricts.gov.gh, Ghanadistricts.net, ghanadistrictsassemblies.com, Ghanalocalassemblies.gov.gh, District Assembly Common fund(DACF), District Development facility(DDF), Urban Development Grant(UDG), Ashanti Region, Brong Ahafo Region, Central Region, Eastern Region, Greater Accra Region, Norther Region, Upper East Region, Upper West Region, Volta Region, Western Region.Sekondi-Takoradi, Ho.Accra, Kumasi, Cape Coast, Koforidua, Sunyani, Tamale, Wa, Bolgatanga, Akim Central Municipal, Asante Akim NorthAdansi North, Adansi South, Afigya - Kwabre, Ahafo Ano North, Ahafo Ano South, Amansie Central, Amansie West, Asante , Asante Akim South, Asokore Mampong Municipal, Atwima Kwanwoma, Atwima Mponua, Atwima Nwabiagya, Bekwai Municipal, Bosome Freho, Bosomtwe, Ejisu - Juaben Municipal,
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IT Automations | From BI to AI | Skilled Field
IT company with highly skilled professionals and services focused on industry needs. We empower you with quality, help increase productivity, and give you the competitive edge you need.
data, analytics, consulting, webrtc, automation, development, services, companies, business, online, firms, courses, tools, mining, science, masters, company, analysis, android, video
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ACDC – Asian Community Development Council
The mission of the Asian Community Development Council (ACDC) is to improve the general well-being and education of the Asian, Pacific Islander and other ethnic communities in Nevada. The ACDC will promote, foster, champion and advocate for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the greater Nevada community.
empower, connect, educate
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Beverly Hills Unified School District
Beverly Hills Unified School District serves students in grades TK-12 and is located in Beverly Hills, CA.
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Alhambra Home Page
Welcome to the website for the city of Alhmabra
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Cuyahoga Land Bank - Home Page
The mission of the Cuyahoga Land Bank is to strategically acquire properties, return them to productive use, reduce blight, increase property values, support community goals and improve the quality of life for county residents. When Cuyahoga County found itself at the epicenter of the nationwide foreclosure crisis starting in 2006, a collaborative group of minds, including then Cuyahoga County Treasurer Jim Rokakis, current Land Bank President and General Counsel Gus Frangos, Senators Tim Grendel, Bob Spada and chief legislative sponsor Tom Patton, State Representative Matt Dolan, Cleveland Council Members Jay Westbrook and Tony Brancatelli and members of the county''s non-profit and academic community came together to do something about it. These efforts resulted in innovative approaches and policies and the formation of the Cuyahoga County Land Bank as a separate non-profit, government-purposed entity.
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Greenwich Sentinel | Greenwich's Hometown Paper
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Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)
The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has more than 1.7 million members in more than 10, 000 congregations and worshiping communities answering Christ''s call to mission and ministry throughout the United States and the world. Six agencies comprise PC(USA): The Office of the General Assembly, The Board of Pensions, the Presbyterian Mission Agency, The Presbyterian Foundation, The Presbyterian Publishing Corporation and the Presbyterian Investment and Loan Program.
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East African Legislative Assembly
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Agriculture Jobs in India | Agri Jobs | Agriculture Careers and Job Opportunities.
Agriculture Jobs for Agri Professionals and Fresh Ag Grads. Latest Ag Jobs, Agribusiness Jobs, Agri Banking Jobs, Agri sales Jobs, Government jobs in agriculture, Agronomy Jobs, Seeds Company Jobs, Ag Education Jobs, Ag Jobs all over world. Agriculture Employers please contact us for best talent in Agri sectors.
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United Church of Canada Archives - Digital Collections
Welcome to our website displaying digitized collections from The United Church of Canada Archives in Toronto, Ontario. The United Church of Canada Archives houses the records of the General Council, the national body of the Church, as well as the records of the five Central Ontario Conferences – Bay of Quinte, Hamilton, London, Manitou and Toronto Conferences. Our digital collections highlight the past mission work of the United Church, including First Nations missions and Residential Schools, churches, communities and church activities. As our digital collections increase, images will be continually added to this site. For more information on the United Church of Canada Archives, please visit our main website
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Our Ground - Save Public Open Space
News on the disappearance of public greenspace through privatisation schemes: Liverpool is an example of the changes now taking place throughout Britain.
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ACS Channel – ACS High School News
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sonomusictour.com - Download e-books for free
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Haverfordwest Town Council – Haverfordwest Town Council
Haverfordwest Town Council consists of 17 Councillors, each of whom is elected for a four year maximum term of office. Council meetings are held in the council chamber at Picton House once a month on the third Wednesday at 7.00pm. There are no meetings in August . These meetings are open to the general public except where personal or confidential matters are being discussed. The council has continually strived and will continue to strive to improve the town for both residents and visitors alike.
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Clovers Safety | Health and Safety Services in India
As a team of Health and Safety Services is highly qualified Consultants. Our role is to assist you in meeting the current Health and Safety requirements.
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Sanford Rose Associates
Our Mission Statement: Using our significant business experience, our resources, and our ability to be creative and work hard, we will make Sanford Rose Associates the preferred recruting firm for employers and executivies that together, will reach their greatest potential.
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Christian Assembly of God – Messengers of Hope
Welcome to Christian Assembly of God! Our mission is to be a people and a church that always builds up, never tears down, that always encourage and never discourage. To be a people and a church that takes a message of hope everywhere we go to everyone we meet, in Jesus' name. Meeting Times Sundays Sunday School…
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AIACHE – All India Association for Christian Higher Education
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SMA CMEP - Home
Formed in 1959, the Singapore Medical Association (SMA) is the national medical organisation representing the majority of medical practitioners in both the public and private sectors
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Professional Physiotherapy Singapore - PhysioSolutions
Singapore Physiotherapy solutions by professional Physiotherapists. Physiotherapy (also known as physical therapy) is a health profession concerned with the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of disease and disability through physical means. It is based upon principles of medical science, and is generally held to be within the sphere of conventional (rather than alternative) medicine. Physio Solutions speciality is in the treatment of muscolosketal disorders. E.g. back back and neck pain, sports injuries. The physiotherapists'' distinctive view of the body and its movement needs and potential is central to determining a diagnosis and an intervention strategy and is consistent whatever the setting in which practice is undertaken. These settings will vary in relation to whether physical therapy is concerned with health promotion, prevention, treatment or rehabilitation, 3-step system, We do more than just treat your symptoms. We get to the root of your problem and address the cause of it. That’s why we spend a full hour with you face to face to learn about you and perform the diagnostic tests. Your physiotherapist will then identify the cause of your problem and attend to it. We use the most effective (evidence based) techniques to solve your problem. In Physio Solutions we use mainly Manual Therapy. Our physiotherapists spend the whole session with you, you will not be left on a machine for treatment. We recognize the limitations to our professional services. Physiotherapists in Singapore cannot order X-rays or prescribe medication hence we work closely with a group of general practitioners, specialists, podiatrists and sports scientists to ensure that you receive the best care there is. Now the ball’s in your court. You have to participate in your recovery in order for the treatment effects to be long lasting. You will be taught a home exercise program to carry over the effects of treatment. We will equip you with stretches and exercises for the day(s) in between sessions. We are here for you, call us whenever you’re unsure about your exercises or what had been explained during your session at the clinic.
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Texas State Horse Council | Texas State Horse Council
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Archives to March 2010 - PEW | For the Latest, go to PacificEyeWitness.com
For the Latest, go to PacificEyeWitness.com
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Renton Community Update - News from Councilmember Randy Corman, your Renton City Hall insider. (All views expressed in journal entries are Randy Corman's personal views, and not the official position of the City of Renton or other city employees. Views expressed in reader comments are those of the commenter)
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St Vincent de Paul Auckland New Zealand
Welcome to the website of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul in Auckland, New Zealand.
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PMI Singapore Chapter
The Project Management Institute Singapore Chapter is the country chapter of Project Management Institute (PMI). The PMI Singapore Chapter was formally established in April 1, 1999 and is registered with the Registrar of Societies Singapore. A Protem Committee led by Dr. Yeo Khim Teck applied and got approval for the Chapter and drafted the Constitution of the Chapter. The first Annual General Meeting of the Chapter was held on March 21, 2001. The AGM adopted the Constitution of the Chapter and formally launched the operation of AGM.
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Section 64 FMJD
October 11, 2015 a new FMJD Statutes was approved on General Assembly FMJD, which will held in Izmir (Turkey). New FMJD Statutes artificially establishes the
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Author James Musgrave | Historical Mysteries
James Musgrave 619-750-7360 Buy All Three Mysteries in the New Trilogy U.S.A. U.K. D.E. FR ES IT JP Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries Reflect an Era of Immigrant Hatred, Distrust of Women, and Income Disparity "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it, " George Santayana Proceeds from the sale of this series will go to the Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research. Victims of the Chinese Exclusion Act, 1882 (interview) Watch the PBS Documentary on the Chinese Exclusion Act Read this article in the Atlantic on how we are mirroring the Gilded Age. Clara Shortridge Foltz faces a patriarchal nemesis in 1884 San Francisco. When a white prostitute is murdered and flayed down to a skeleton, Clara is hired by the Six Companies of Chinatown to defend the sixteen males who are swept-up by the Chinatown Squad. This ragtag and corrupt group of sheriffs work for the mayor, Washington Bartlett. The mayor uses the nation's anti-Chinese sentiment in his quest to win the race for Governor of California. Foltz, the first woman admitted to the California Bar, must learn fast to become a detective in order to prove that her client, journalist George Kwong, is not the killer, but was set-up by the mayor to take the fall. Along with Ah Toy, her trusted translator and best friend, she is instructed by the head of detectives, Captain Isaiah Lees. Lees becomes enamored with Clara, who is having personal problems with sexual commitment, due to her first marriage with Jeremiah Foltz. He was a Union vet who deserted Clara and their five children for a younger woman. Captain Lees has personal problems of his own, as he has devoted all his time fighting the corrupt politicians and the Chinatown Squad for twenty years, and has not even made time for female relations. Theirs is a very special kind of romance. Clara brings a national spotlight to bear on her case, as thousands of women flock to the City by the Bay to support her effort to win against these patriarchal forces. The Chinese are also oppressed, and Clara and Ah Toy become embroiled in a deadly came of cat-and-mouse to trap the real killer and save George Kwong. As a special bonus, you can read the first two chapters in the second mystery of the series, The Spiritualist Murders, in which Clara and Ah Toy must find out why wives are under the spell of a magnetic and hypnotically attractive young spiritualist. These women are being awakened sexually by him and are then murdering their husbands to escape their lives of Victorian and male-dominated oppression. The Spiritualist Murders is now up for sale in paperback and eBook. All versions have the Study Guide Questions. The reviews for The Spiritualist Murders are great! Here's the review from Kirkus Reviews. Also, here's the 9 of 10 rating given at the contest for the Best Mystery and Thriller novel at BookLife. Chosen as a Semi-Finalist in the BookLife Prize for Best Mystery. Reviewed By Deborah Lloyd for Readers' Favorite This story captures a unique time in American history. Women's voices were rarely heard, except in the suffragette movement and in the spiritualist community. Clara Foltz and Laura de Force Gordon, the only two female attorneys in San Francisco in 1886, join forces to solve the question of why women are killing their husbands. Time is of the essence as these vicious murders continue. Adeline Quantrill, an eighteen-year-old woman with clairvoyant abilities; Clara's friend, Ah Toy; Clara's lover, Isaiah Lees, Captain of Detectives; and her children, Samuel and Trella, become part of the dangerous venture. In The Spiritualist Murders: A Portia of the Pacific Historical Mystery, Volume 2, written by James Musgrave, an intriguing and complex dramatic mystery unfolds. The Winchester House in San Jose, with the character of Mrs. Winchester added to the cast, plays a dominant role in the plot. The author portrays the time period with great detail and clarity. For example, the fact that Mary Todd Lincoln consulted with mediums after the deaths of her husband and son is mentioned. From clothing fashions to traveling by railroad, the historical descriptions are interesting and instructive. The author's creativity in combining so many different facets of the culture is fascinating for the reader. The character development of each person is strong and subtle. The flow of the story is fast paced, yet the writing style reflects the language of the time. Author James Musgrave has penned a delicious masterpiece in The Spiritualist Murders: A Portia of the Pacific Historical Mystery, Volume 2. CHINAWOMAN'S CHANCE, and all of the mysteries in this series, will be under 55, 000 words long. This is done so that the works can be affordable and readable for our patrons. This mystery may be shorter, but it still packs a punch, and Clara Foltz must perform some daring deeds to find the killer before her client hangs from a rope on Russian Hill. Can you solve this mystery before she does? Experience the reality of 1884 San Francisco, when women were working for their civil rights, and some, like Foltz, were trying to protect the rights of underclass citizens. Clara will be arguing to you, in this fast-paced, courtroom drama and investigative, suspenseful mystery. It's her first case, and she has a lot of help. Captain of Detectives, Isaiah Lees, and his partner Dutch Vanderheiden show Clara the techniques of sleuthing at the street level in Chinatown. And, her personal translator and best friend, Ah Toy, a successful Madame who worked her way out of Chinatown and into the mainstream, will help her to find out who the killer is. Join the eMail List here. James Musgrave's new book will be self-published. This novel is a little over 50K Why I Write Historical Mysteries "I write historical mysteries because, in some ways, the stark differences were clearer, so when my characters act against the evil policies, they stand out better than they do in today's mixed-up, unfocused, and "fake news" press. Even though newspapers and magazines were the only media back then, they were still read and digested, and the people and their vocabularies, for the most part, were far superior to what we have today. People thought long and hard about issues, crawled deep inside them, and saw the real causes and effects of laws and legislation." James Musgrave, March, 2018. Received a nice evaluation from Publisher's Weekly for CHINAWOMAN'S CHANCE. Critic's Report Title: Chinawoman's Chance Author: James Musgrave Genre: Fiction/Mystery/Thriller Audience: Adult Word Count: 52, 000 Assessment: Plot: Musgrave offers a complex historical crime novel; as a detective story, the narrative is gritty and realistic, while political, social, and racial tensions lift the story beyond the conventions of the genre. Prose: The author strikes a graceful narrative balance between historical description and a voice-driven, swiftly moving story. Dialogue is polished and character interiority is sound; details relating to the story's central murder are appropriately graphic. Originality: Musgrave's mystery is unique in terms of its setting and integration of historical content. The grisly murder at the heart of the story is one aspect of a broader narrative focused on culture of the west in the nineteenth century, gender expectations, and xenophobia directed at Chinese American individuals. Character Development: Through well-conceived and multilayered characters, Musgrave captures a complex era in American history. Protagonist Clara is sympathetic and unique, particularly as she challenges gender conventions of her era, while side characters—whether law enforcement and allies, murder suspects, or victims—provide verisimilitude and emotional depth. Clarion Review, Foreword Press Chinawoman's Chance is an engaging mystery with a historically informative feminist bent.A gruesome murder makes way for an unexpected romance in James Musgrave's Chinawoman's Chance. The first book in the Portia of the Pacific series,  Chinawoman's Chance starts the series well, utilizing historical figures as principal characters while shining a light on a sordid aspect of US history. The story is set in San Francisco two years after the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, and is fronted by Isaiah Lees, the first hired policeman of the San Francisco Police Department, and Clara Shortridge Foltz, the first woman on the West Coast to serve as a public defender. Detective Isaiah Lees and his assistant Dutch are investigating the grisly death of a prostitute when their case swiftly morphs into one with more complexity. George Kwong, the son of one of the leaders of the Chinese Six Companies, is arrested, reputed to be the murderer. Because of Clara's courageous cases in defense of voiceless women and immigrants, the Chinese leaders bribe her to represent George. Clara, who is in need of an interpreter, employs her close friend Ah Toy, the wealthy madam of Chinatown. Isaiah meets with Clara and the foursome quickly form a tight unit to target the real killer. In the meantime, a romance unfurls between Isaiah and Clara. Although there isn't much detail about Clara's crumbling real-life marriage, there is enough factual information to make Isaiah and Clara's romance both feasible and believable; their love provides a light release within a tense murder mystery. The book ably aligns its historical characters to their fictionalized personalities. Both Isaiah's and Clara's phlegmatic demeanors fit well with the social graces of the period, as do their approaches to romance. Besides Clara and Isaiah, the story incorporates other historical figures, including Ah Toy, a Cantonese-born prostitute turned affluent madam. Other historical elements befitting the era include the "benevolent association" called the Tongs and landmarks such as Waverly Place and the Tin How Temple. Writing segues smoothly from one scene to the next; chapters close on cliffhangers. Various themes center on racism. Derogatory terms are included, as well as evidence of inequality, prostitution, and corruption, especially through the oppressive web between Manchu leaders and American moguls. The most prominent theme, prevalent in Clara's viewpoints, is women's independence, including entrepreneurial opportunities and the right to vote. Narrative tension builds around Clara's feisty determination to nail the culprit even if it means putting her life on the line. While Chinawoman's Chance portrays Buddhist spirituality with an unflattering mix of spiritualism and superstition, the skewed imagery blends nicely with the development of the narrative. The story closes on a satisfactory note, setting the groundwork for the next book in the already alluring series. Chinawoman's Chance is an engaging mystery with a historically informative feminist bent. Reviewed by Anita LockApril 11, 2018 Reviewed By Grant Leishman for Readers' Favorite Chinawoman's Chance (Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries) by Jim Musgrave takes us back to the bustling and somewhat lawless society of San Francisco in 1884. The California Gold Rush and the railways have made San Francisco a place of wealth and power, but for certain sections of society, nothing has really changed. For women and for the Chinese immigrants brought to America by the railway bosses to help build the railways, life is hard. Neither group has any real rights in this America of the 1880s. Championing the cause for women and the oppressed is the larger than life self-trained barrister, Clara Shortridge Foltz Esq. When a young ex-prostitute is murdered, flayed and eviscerated in the Chinatown district of the city, suspicion immediately falls on the Chinese Tongs that make up the ghetto that is Chinatown. Captain Isaiah Lees and his sergeant must determine who is responsible and cut off any possibility of retaliatory action against the Chinese immigrants. Competing against the rival and corrupt Sheriff's Department plus the city's mayor, Lees has his job cut out for him. As a big fan of historical novels in general and historical mystery stories in particular, I found Jim Musgrave's Chinawoman's Chance (Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries) to be absolutely superb. As the first in a series of books based around the wonderful character of Clara Shortridge Foltz Esq., the author has created a marketable and believable set of characters on which to build his series. Clara is clearly the star of the story, with her forthrightness and her willingness to take on the patriarchal society at their own game. In the age of the suffragettes, Musgrave's character is the perfect portrayal of the women who led the campaign for women's rights all around the world. Her freedom and her owning of her own sexuality was rare among woman of the time. It was fascinating to look at the reactions of the politicians to the perceived growing threat of the "yellow menace", as they termed it, with their heathen religions and beliefs, comparing that to today's response with respect to Hispanic and Muslim immigration. The "Exclusion Act" and the "Muslim Ban" – not all that different, perhaps? This book appealed to me on many levels, but most importantly of all, it was a darn good read and an excellent mystery. Reviewed By Jack Magnus for Readers' Favorite Chinawoman's Chance: Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries, Volume 1 is an historical sleuth mystery written by Jim Musgrave. It was 1884, and San Francisco, even more than the rest of the country, was embroiled in a harsh and racist reaction to the recent flow of Chinese immigrants to the United States. The Chinese themselves were caught between the machinations of the ruling Manchu in their home country and Leland Stanford and the other railroad barons, who jointly conspired to keep the immigrants impoverished and bound to unfair contracts. The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 made the unfair treatment of those new immigrants into law. The Captain of Detectives for the First District of the San Francisco Police Department, Isaiah Lees, had a new case to solve. The body of a young white woman had been found in a small bungalow in Chinatown. The killer had flayed every bit of flesh and organs from her body. Mary McCarthy was an orphan, who had been a streetwalker until she had become a student at the Methodist Mission for Wayward Women. She had recently left the mission, however, and had been seen with George Kwong, son of one of the wealthy Chinese men who were leaders of the Six Companies. George and his father, Andrew Kwong, ran The Oriental, a newspaper with backing from the Methodist Church in San Francisco. A witness reported that George Kwong claimed to have taken a picture of Mary's body. Now he was the city's prime suspect for the murder, but George had been in love with Mary and would never have dreamed of hurting her. Jim Musgrave's historical murder mystery is a fascinating look at San Francisco in the late nineteenth century. His sleuthing partners, Clara Foltz and Captain Isaiah Lees, are real historical persons, and following the two as they work together in a sometimes uneasy alliance is grand entertainment. A sensitive reader won't be able to help considering the racism that is at the heart of this story and comparing it with the current attitude toward immigrants and women in the country today. I found myself saddened to think that in many ways we've not gone very much farther in our treatment of others, in the disregard of equal rights and fear of diversity. Musgrave's story is marvelous! He gives the reader a wide range of possible suspects to consider and makes San Francisco of 1884 come to life. I especially loved how he brought together the strong and capable characters of Captain Lees, Clara Foltz, Detective Sergeant Eduard Vanderheiden and Ah Toy. They are a grand team. I was quite pleased to find that Musgrave has written a second book in the series, The Spiritualist Murders, and am looking forward to reading it. Chinawoman's Chance: Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries, Volume 1 is most highly recommended. Narrator Anne James Agrees to do Portia of the Pacific Audiobooks The voice of Clara Shortridge Foltz, Ah Toy, and all the other lovable characters in the Portia of the Pacific series of mysteries will be Ms. Anne James. Anne has narrated many novels, and her pleasing voice captures all the special nuances and inflections needed in a dramatic reading. EMRE Publishing is enthusiastic about having her as the unique narrator for this great new series. Listen to a sample from the audiobook's first chapter. (.mp3, .ogg, .wav) Buy Chinawoman's Chance in audio format today at Audible.com. Get CHINAWOMAN'S CHANCE audiobook free with this 30-Day Trial Anne James Answers Three Questions 1. As a woman of Chinese ancestry who lived in San Francisco and Northern California, did you enjoy narrating a history about the early Chinatown of San Francisco? Why? 2. Do you think it's important for historical fiction to feature issues that may be controversial, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act? Why is this important? 3. Why do you think the character of Clara Shortridge Foltz will be an excellent vehicle for this series? Here's Anne's Response: Third Mystery Announced in the Portia of the Pacific Series The Stockton Insane Asylum Murder A Portia of the Pacific Historical Mystery Volume 3 "Madness can be seen as an intuitive probing into true reality."--R. D. Laing Women were, among others, misdiagnosed as insane by alienists in the 1800s. My plot will involve a female child who has been institutionalized in 1887, but the aunt of this child comes to Clara Foltz to say she believes the child was admitted to the Stockton State Insane Asylum (the first such institution in California) because she knew about a murder that was committed on her wealthy parent's estate. Clara solicits the help of Elizabeth Packard, the crusading (real) activist who was committed in the 1860s by her husband. It took Mrs. Packard three years to earn her freedom. Together with Ah Toy, they contrive a way to go undercover to gain admittance into the Women's Building at Stockton to find the child and determine what happened to have her institutionalized. Children were regularly institutionalized, as were the elderly and the feeble-minded. New! Read the first four chapters of this mystery here. Watch THE EUGENICS EXPERIMENT beginning Oct. 16, 2018 on PBS. Reviewed By Jack Magnus for Readers' Favorite The Stockton Insane Asylum Murder: Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries, Book 3 is a sleuth mystery novel written by James Musgrave. Polly Bedford was only twelve years old and had somehow gotten herself institutionalized in the Women's Ward of the State Insane Asylum in Stockton, California. She was actually a child of privilege, a member of one of the prestigious Nob Hill families of San Francisco. Her parents believed she was a witness to a murder in their home. To protect her from the legal system, they had had her committed, presumably to keep her safely out of the hands of the law. Bertha May Foltz was a seventeen-year-old who had herself committed in Stockton voluntarily to help her mother, Clara Foltz, Esq, find out the truth behind the death of Winifred Cotton and Polly's role in it, if any. Clara was all too aware that mental institutions were being used by the state and unscrupulous relatives to defraud inmates of their wealth and women of their voice and liberty. Wives and mothers were being routinely committed by their husbands or families. Clara and her group of suffragists were determined to get to the heart of this corrupt and cruel practice while also getting to the answer behind the death of Winifred Cotton. The Stockton Insane Asylum Murder is the third book featuring the trail-blazing feminist attorney and detective, Clara Foltz; however, the author gives enough background information for this book to be read as a stand-alone novel. That said, I've read and enjoyed each of these books and would advise not missing a single one. The heroine of Musgrave's books is based upon the historical person of the same name who was the first woman attorney on the West Coast and first woman admitted to the California Bar. Musgrave's plot is thrilling and suspenseful; the Stockton Insane Asylum is a suitably dark and terrifying setting for this tale. His characters are well defined and credible, and the author's gift for historical writing gives the tale vibrancy and authenticity. The Stockton Insane Asylum Murder: Portia of the Pacific Historical Mysteries, Book 3 is most highly recommended. Kirkus Review is Out for The Stockton Insane Asylum Murder In this third installment of a mystery series, a 19th-century San Francisco attorney and detective leads an investigation into abusive practices at an insane asylum. In San Francisco in 1887, an unusual crew occupies 1 Nob Hill, the mansion built by railroad magnate Mark Hopkins. His widow, Mary, lives there but has dementia and serves as "benefactress" to the other occupants: Clara Foltz, California's first female lawyer, a single mother, and the true head of the household; her brood of children; and her best friend, Ah Toy, a former Chinatown madam. With some help—including psychic assistance—the group has solved some difficult cases. Now Clara's daughter Bertha May, 17, is pretending to be mentally unstable at the Stockton State Insane Asylum, where her friend Polly Bedford, 12, has been committed by her parents after witnessing the murder of Winnifred Cotton, 10, a Nob Hill neighbor. Bertha's mission is to discover what Polly really saw, and the whole team wants to expose illegal commitments targeting wives, children, and immigrants. To that end, they form a citizens' committee as the public face of the investigation while continuing undercover work. What they discover goes beyond the iniquities of false commitments into some bizarre territory—including spiritualism, telepathy, conjoined twins, and elaborate experiments carried out by eugenicists Francis Galton and Dr. Emil Kraepelin. Can justice be served? Musgrave (The Spiritualist Murders, 2018, etc.) has some potent ingredients in this fantastical stew, spiced with many real-life figures, like Foltz, Toy, Galton, Kraepelin, and Elizabeth Packard, who helped reform commitment laws in the 1860s after being confined to an asylum when she questioned her husband's opinions. The setting is atmospheric and the subject, captivating. Fourth Mystery in the Portia of the Pacific Series (work in progress) Clara Shortridge-Foltz, Esq., 1887 Clara Shortridge-Foltz is zero for three in the cases she's argued against the patriarchal establishment. That's why President Cleveland and Attorney General Garland want her to defend the "assassin suffragette." They expect her to lose again! Not so fast. This may be the biggest and most noteworthy case that our hero could ever win. So, she'll certainly be ready. The fourth mystery in the Portia of the Pacific series: THE SUPREME COURT MURDER. Now in production.
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Catholic Student Leadership – Toronto Catholic District School Board
Toronto Catholic District School Board
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Garrett Container Systems, Inc
GCS is the select choice for aluminum shipping containers, tactical equipment, deployment kits and military working dog equipment.
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MHRA Malta Hotels & Restaurants Association
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Home Page
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Welcome to the HDFC Coalition – HDFC shareholders working together to preserve HDFC housing in New York City since 1992
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GCMT | The General Council for Soft Tissue Therapies | Home
GCMT - The General Council for Massage Therapies
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PSYCHOANALYTIC COMMENTS
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Home - Law Library of Ireland - The Bar of Ireland
The Law Library of Ireland.The General Council of the Bar of Ireland, more commonly known as the Bar Council, is the representative body for the barristers'' profession in Ireland and is governed by the Constitution of the Bar of Ireland. Its role is: to consider, report upon and make representations as it considers necessary in all matters affecting the profession; to play a key role in the conduct and arrangement of the business of the profession;to control and regulate the professional conduct of the members of the Bar; and, to secure and protect the interests of the profession.
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The Critical Fish – Beneath the surface of Arts & Visual Culture
We are a new critical and research-led Arts Journal based in Hull that has been awarded developmental funding from Arts Council England and Hull City Arts. We have produced a printed publication and online journal (released 16.05.19) based on the goals outlined in our Mission Statement with the intention of creating a forum for discussion…
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Shotteswell Village, Warwickshire
Learn about the history of our stunning Anglo-Saxon church. See the latest events taking place in the Village Hall, you can also book the hall here. You can also find out useful information from the  Parish Council and see when the next meeting will be held. See other local events here. Please get in touch, if you have any…
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