BIG LIST OF WEBSITES

List of Top Websites on Junk

Top 250 Websites on JUNK

Download the Top 250 Websites to PDF

Last updated on Jul 1 2019.
Here are the best websites we found: junkmail.co.za • yummiest.tv • 1844junkrat.com • 1800gotjunk.com • junk-king.com • junkcarmedics.com • collegehunkshaulingjunk.com • junkfoodclothing.com • junkbeegone.biz

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Welcome to Junk Mail | Junk Mail. Welcome to Junk Mail - Your King of Classifieds. Find everything from new and used cars for sale, to property and business services.
Alexa Rank
7,006
Yummiest.TV – All your favorite junk food!
Alexa Rank
6,312
NJ, NY, & CT Local Junk Removal | 1-844-JUNK-RAT. 1-844-JUNK-RAT provides affordable local junk removal and trash pickup services for your residence or business in NJ, NY, and CT. Call 1-844-586-5728 today!
Alexa Rank
522,601
Junk Removal, Pick Up & Hauling | 1-800-GOT-JUNK?. As the most trusted name in junk removal, 1-800-GOT-JUNK? is a full-service junk disposal & hauling company serving areas across the United States; Rest assured that we’re in your neighborhood! All you have to do is point and watch us work our magic!
Alexa Rank
61,423
North America''s Best Junk Removal and Hauling Service | Junk King. Junk King provides eco-friendly junk removal & hauling services to clear unwanted clutter from your home or business. Call 1-888-888-JUNK or book online.
Alexa Rank
141,942
Cash For Junk Cars: We Buy All Cars // Junk Car Medics®. Trusted by 1000's each month, Junk Car Medics team is standing by & ready to buy your car for cash. Get you your free, no hassle offer to sell your car for up to $10,000 cash online now in minutes! Same day pickup possible.
Alexa Rank
178,990
College Hunks Hauling Junk & Moving® | Local Moving & Junk Removal. College H.U.N.K.S. Hauling Junk & Moving is a moving and junk removal company that offers reliable, professional, and friendly services. Contact us for a free estimate!
Alexa Rank
211,710
Junk Food Clothing - Vintage Graphic Tees, Retro T-Shirts. Every shirt should have a story behind it. Tell your life story with a vintage tee designed by the coolest people on earth. Junk Food Clothing, Venice, CA.
Alexa Rank
290,033
Junk Bee Gone | Junk Removal, Dumpster Rentals, Paper Shredding & Demolition | Knoxville, TN. Knoxville's #1 junk removal, dumpster rentals, paper shredding, and demolition experts. For all of your junk removal needs give Junk Bee Gone a BUZZ!
Alexa Rank
319,687
Junk Removal Florida | Junk Pickup | Evergreen Junk Removal Service. Junk removal Florida | Garage cleanout, junk hauling, junk pickup, furniture removal, mattress removal, debris & rubbish removal. Call us today!
Alexa Rank
445,902
Los Angeles Junk Removal & Demolition - 225 Yelp reviews - all 5 star!!. Los Angeles Junk Removal & Demolition. See our 225 Yelp reviews...all 5 STAR!! Serving LA county for over 14 years. No job too big or too small.
Alexa Rank
502,295
College Hunks Hauling Junk & Moving® | Local Moving & Junk Removal. College H.U.N.K.S. Hauling Junk & Moving is a moving and junk removal company that offers reliable, professional, and friendly services. Contact us for a free estimate!
Alexa Rank
558,615
Junk Removal & Dumpster Rental Services in Your Area - Rubbish Works. Full service junk removal and dumpster rental services available in your area. Same day service, Book online today
Alexa Rank
612,861
Cash for Junk Cars. Best offers cash for junk cars
Alexa Rank
384,733
The Impulsive Buy - Junk Food and Fast Food Reviews and News Blog. Junk Food and Fast Food Reviews and News Blog
Alexa Rank
106,743
JUNK High Performance Headbands – JUNK Brands. JUNK Brands, makers of the #1 high performance athletic headband for both men and women. Feels comfortable, fits securely, and keeps you cool during any sport!
Alexa Rank
167,281
PaperKarma® - The Stop Junk Mail App. Stop junk mail and catalogs with the PaperKarma app! Simply snap a photo to unsubscribe from mailing lists, credit card offers and spam mail. Give it a try!
Alexa Rank
309,638
Car Removal Melbourne | Junk & Scrap Car Removal Melbourne. Fast Car Removal Melbourne - We Come to You, And Pay cash for cars in Melbourne. We pay up to $9999 of your scrap or junk cars of all model or condition. Call Now 0438 942 754
Alexa Rank
709,200
Tiny Cartridge 3DS - Nintendo Switch, 3DS, DS, Wii U, and PS Vita News, Media, & Retro Junk. Tiny Cartridge 3DS - Nintendo Switch, 3DS, DS, Wii U, and PS Vita News, Media, & Retro Junk
Alexa Rank
726,463
Data Junk[i.e.] – Tyler Morgan-Wall, PhD
Alexa Rank
152,269
junk blog dot com. ao3: relationshipcrimes / twitter: @re_crimes / hollow knight sideblog: lost-kinn / code geass sideblog: euphienator / not a minor
Alexa Rank
709,490
Junk Drawer
Alexa Rank
755,819
Funky Junk Interiors - Repurposing and decorating with salvaged architecture.Funky Junk Interiors | Repurposing and decorating with salvaged architecture.. Repurposing and decorating with salvaged architecture.
Alexa Rank
775,728
Jean''s File Junk. Software , Juegos, Musica Y MAS!
Alexa Rank
800,963
All That Junk - Home
Alexa Rank
814,538
Bettershark | List Of The Best Gadgets You Can Buy, No Junk. We carefully research, review and analyze gadgets and gears that matter to the consumers and list the best. Our recommendations are the same things we would choose for ourselves and for our friends and family.
Alexa Rank
837,243
Food Junk | Food that is bad for you.. Food that is bad for you.
Alexa Rank
872,619
1-Click PC Maintenance. TweakBit - Easy Way to Speed Up Your PC. Clean up, speed up and fix your slow PC to make it run like new with TweakBit. Restore PC speed, clean out PC junk and resolve PC issues with one click of a button.
Alexa Rank
15,227
Sell Your Junk Car Instantly | Junk my Car
Alexa Rank
223,051
Choice Mail : Anti spam software, junk mail blocker - spam filter. Remove spam for good with our email firewall. XP and Vista spam filter.. A good spam filter software can differentiate between legitimate email and spam email. Try our free spam blocker for personal use. The ChoiceMail system works in enterprise environment or personal desktop. Stop spam for good. 14 day trials available.
Alexa Rank
329,199
Retro Junk | Your Memory Machine
Alexa Rank
363,268
My Junk Doesn''t Work, ED. Cutting Edge Therapies To Treat Erectile Dysfunction and Erecctile Dissatisfaction Doctor Suppervision Required
Alexa Rank
383,655
Junk King – Junk Removal
Alexa Rank
583,754
JunkScience.com – All the junk that’s fit to debunk.
Alexa Rank
590,517
Healthy Junk Vegan Faire
Alexa Rank
716,149
Saffron Cruises Junk Hire and Chartered Boat Hire Hong Kong
Alexa Rank
815,276
Pull-A-Part Junkyard & Auto Salvage: Find a Location Today. Pull-A-Part is a superior alternative to digging through a junk yard. Stop by to find used car parts or call us to get cash for your junk car today!
Alexa Rank
171,818
BOOOOOOOM - CREATE * INSPIRE * COMMUNITY * ART * DESIGN * MUSIC * FILM * PHOTO * PROJECTS. A blog about Art, Design, Film, Music, Photography, Daily Junk and Projects.
Alexa Rank
96,248
مهمل | أول بريد مؤقت عربي. مهمل بريد مؤقت وهو أول بريد مؤقت يوفر لك بريد مؤقت بضغطة زر دون الحاجة لإدخال أية بيانات شخصية، لكي تستخدمه في تفعيل اشتراكاتك في المواقع والخدمات المختلفة.
Alexa Rank
23,774
Premium Quality Soil Mixtures, Garbage Removal Services, Garbage Bin Rental In Toronto. Core Mini Bins located in Toronto, Canada offers Residential, Industrial, Construction, Commercial Waste, Garbage, Rubbish, Junk Collection, Removal & Disposal services.
Alexa Rank
118,458
Tom's Foreign Auto Parts - Quality used auto parts. Find a large selection of used auto parts. Tom's is the Largest Foreign Junk yard in CT with Factory OEM used car parts for foreign makes like Audi, BMW, Volkswagen and more.
Alexa Rank
297,733
MagicSpam: Anti-Spam Protection Software for Email Servers. Spam Protection done right! MagicSpam provides simple anti-spam protection for email platforms, perfect for the hosting industry. Stops Junk Email right in the SMTP layer. Deployed in 83 countries, and protecting millions of users, see the MagicSpam difference
Alexa Rank
421,931
Easymove: Book Low Cost Moving Help and Furniture Delivery. Schedule Easymove Moving Help or Furniture Delivery. Book Apartment & House Movers, Junk Removal, Furniture & Appliance Delivery. Free Quote. Find Affordable Moving and Delivery Help in Easy move App
Alexa Rank
560,266
ScienceFiles – Kritische Sozialwissenschaften. ScienceFiles - Nemesis der Junk Sciencer
Alexa Rank
59,767
Takl | Home Services On Demand. Takl is the easiest way to find same-day help with home services. Find local background checked Providers on-demand to check off your chore list - lawn mowing, furniture assembly & handyman, cleaning services, junk removal and more.
Alexa Rank
61,237
The Spamhaus Project. Spamhaus is the world leader in supplying realtime highly accurate threat intelligence to the Internet''s major networks.
Alexa Rank
37,108
PC Virus Care | Complete Caring Tips To Eliminate PC Viruses. Best tips to delete Search.heasyfreerecipes.com If your current homepage and search page gets replaced with Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and you are seeking for its removal method then you have reached right place. With given solution in this guide, you will be able to get rid out of annoying trouble with ease and minimal effort. You are advised to follow given instruction by reading this article carefully. Search.heasyfreerecipes.com is identified as dangerous browser redirect virus that makes entry on your computer and causes plenty of annoying troubles. It has been developed by group of cyber hackers with their evil intention and wrong motives. Once manages to get inside, it makes changes to current homepage, search and new tab without having your any permission or knowledge. Due to attendance of this creepy malware, you have to encounter with problems such as sluggish and unresponsive PC behavior, occurrence of false alert messages and notification, web search redirection and others. Search.heasyfreerecipes.com virus comes packaged with several unwanted toolbars, add-ons, plug-ins and extension that take high CPU resource and drag down overall functioning of PC. It has ability to flood your computer screen with tons of ads and pop ups that show attractive offers, deals, discount, coupon codes and others. It tries to convince you for purchasing some spam products and services online. Most of security applications finds difficult to detect and eliminate this threat due to its nature to change location and name. It drops other malware such as Trojan, worms, rootkits, backdoor and others. It affects overall functioning of computer and restricts to perform normal tasks both online and offline. To avoid all such problems, it is advised to opt for Spyhunter Anti-Malware. It helps you find out all infected items and eradicates permanently. How Search.heasyfreerecipes.com makes entry on your computer? There are several illegal and unethical methods opted by hackers to infect your PC. Some common are as mentioned below: It attacks your PC via spam or junk email attachments Shareware or freeware downloads of games, movies, video codecs, etc Use of infected storage device such as pen drive, hard disk, memory cards, etc Visiting adults or unsafe websites Search.heasyfreerecipes.com virus is capable of adding corrupt entries to registry editor and damages system files that are important for smooth and proper functioning of PC. It creates several unwanted shortcuts, duplicate files or folders that consume high CPU resource and drag down overall performance. It has capability to deactivate security application and disable firewall settings without having your any permission or knowledge. If this threat manages to sustain for longer time, you may have to suffer with problems such as crashes or freezes of computer, hamper of vital hardware components, deletion of important system files and others. To get rid out of all such issues, it is suggested to take quick action to remove Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and its other related files. The worst part of this infection is to run secretly in background and collect data such as IP addresses, credit card number, password of social sites, etc. All such gathered data are automatically transported to remote server of hackers. How to get rid of Search.heasyfreerecipes.com related issues from Windows OS? There are two popular solutions that will help you eliminate Search.heasyfreerecipes.com easily from infected PC Solution A: Eliminating infectious files using manual removal steps (Only for Technical users) Solution B: Uninstall all unwanted files effectively using Automatic removal method from Windows PC (For both technical & non-technical users). Click Here to Download Automatic Anti-malware Tool. Special Offer Search.heasyfreerecipes.com is determined as very transmittable computer virus. It makes place on your computer deep inside system memory and makes removal task complicated. You can go through Spyhunter Anti-malware and check that it detects this threat for you. If you find this malware, you can go for its proper removal procedure as discussed below in this article. If you wish to know How Spyhunter works click on hyperlink. You can also check SpyHunter's EULA, Threat Assessment Criteria, and Privacy Policy. You need to be sure that only scanner of Spyhunter is free. If scanner detects this threat, it will subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal. If you are looking to remove this threat instantly then you need to purchase licensed version of this Anti-Malware tool. Solution C: Steps for users facing Search.heasyfreerecipes.com issues in Mac OS Solution A: Eliminating infectious files using manual removal steps (Only for Technical users) Step 1: End all infectious processes completely from Windows Task Manager At first CTRL+SHIFT+ESC keys together to open process tab in task manager Next select suspicious running process and click on End process to stop it Step 2: Uninstall Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and other malicious programs from Control Panel At first press Windows +R key together to open run box Now type "Control Panel" and click on OK button Next select "Uninstall a program" option under control panel Now search for all related files and click on uninstall to delete it permanently Step 3: Delete all suspicious registry files associated with Search.heasyfreerecipes.com At first click on Windows +R key together to open Run box Next type regedit to open Windows registry and search for entries related withit HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREsupWPM HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMCurrentControlSetServicesWpm HKEY_CURRENT_USER\\Software\\Microsoft\\Windows\\CurrentVersion\\Uninstall\\[virus name] HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\SOFTWARE\\Microsoft\\Windows NT\\CurrentVersion\\Image File Execution Options\\msseces.exe HKLM\\SOFTWARE\\Classes\\AppID\\.exe HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftInternetExplorerMain "Default_Page_URL" Step 4: Terminate suspicious add-ons and extension related with Search.heasyfreerecipes.com For Firefox: At first click on menu button and choose Add-ons In add-ons manager tab select for Extensions or Appearance panel Now eliminate all suspicious extension that are useless Finally click on Disable or Remove button and restart your PC For Chrome: At first you need to click on Chrome menu on browser toolbar and select Tools option Now select Extension and click on trash can icon to completely eliminate infected files You will see confirmation dialog box on display screen, click on remove to end process For Internet Explorer: At first open Internet Explorer and go to tool button and then select manage add-ons option Next select all suspicious add-ons and delete it completely You can go through the process by clicking on Remove option or go for Disable button to end process Solution B: Uninstall all unwanted files effectively using Automatic removal method from Windows PC (For both technical & non-technical users) Guide to remove Search.heasyfreerecipes.com through Automatic Removal Tool Spyhunter is a powerful anti-malware that has been developed by highly skilled experts using advance mechanism and sophisticated algorithms. It helps you uninstall Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and all its other related files permanently in few simple mouse clicks. Using this removal tool, you can eliminate all kind of malware including Spyware, Trojan, rootkits, worm, backdoor and others. It is compatible with all versions of Windows including XP, Vista, 7, 8 and others. Below are some of salient features of automatic Search.heasyfreerecipes.com removal tool: It is inbuilt with rich user interface that helps non-technical users to easily eliminate infected files It provides facility of custom scan that helps you to scan certain portion of computer like memory, registry, files, rootkits and others It also gives 24*7 help support when you find hard to eliminate some threat from PC It facilitates you with real time protection feature that restricts entry of new threat over your computer SpyHunter is recommended to remove Virus, Trojan, Browser Hijacker, Adware, Ransomware, Rootkit, Worm, and all other Issues you are experiencing on your PC. REMOVE IT NOW! Free scanner allows you to check whether your PC is infected or not. What is SpyHunter? SpyHunter is an anti-malware and is a Windows PC protection tool which will thoroughly scan the PC for searching and identifying malware attacks, block malware, adware, spyware and other Potentially Unwanted Program. Its scanning algorithm and programming logics are continuously updated so that it tackles the latest malware infections. It security patches are regularly updated so that it could detect most lasted and sophisticated malware. SpyHunter is an all-in-one Online PC protection application that has been developed by security experts and it is incorporated with precisions programming. It provides a complete protection and security. With the help of its user-friendly interface, it can easily be used even by novice and non-technical users. SpyHunter has a very advanced and exclusive ant-malware engine that is capable to protect your Windows PC with all kinds of malware. Additionally, It offers a depth scan in order to identify the programs that is causing troubles and containing reported troubles. It can easily delete Potentially Unwanted Program (PUA) that users perceive as unwanted. SpyHunter is capable to detect and remove Trojan, adware, rootkits, PUP, worms and so on. How Does SpyHunter Works? SpyHunter has a very advanced scanning architecture. It features a multi-layered System scanner which can detect old and new threats. It provides the option of customizing the scans. The other helpful feature is its cloud-based capabilities for detecting highly advanced and sophisticated malware and providing complete protection from it. Anyone who user SpyHunter can expect high level performance, advanced detection method and overall System efficiency. If offers feature like scanning the particular drives or folders, previous scan log view, manage the quarantined objects and also pick objects which you want to exclude from future scans of SpyHunter. With the help of multi-layered scanning feature, SpyHunter can easily differentiate between data privacy issues, vulnerabilities, Potentially Unwanted Program, Privacy Issue, Malware attacks. And thus, help user customize and take appropriate actions as they want. SpyHunter especially focus on taking quick action on newly detected threats. The real-time malware blocking capability of SpyHunter helps it to prevent the attack, download and installation of all kinds of threats. It can easily detect and remove the most aggressive malware. With the help of SpyHunter's heuristic detection capabilities, the rootkit which uses file hiding and encryption techniques easily gets unmasked. It can easily identify zero-day threats. In some cases, Windows Operating System may lock the malware objects and it can get difficult to remove or quarantine. So, tackle such situations, SpyHunter has a specialized process to perform System booting in customized environment and remediate malware at the lower level of the System. It has been reported that cyber-criminals using browser cookies for extensive tracking purposes. As you know, the cookies all the information related to browsing habits and browsing history of users. So, SpyHunter scan the cookies that are possibly representing privacy issues. The SpyHunter Customer Support System is also robust and helpful. The SpyHunter HelpDesk will assist the users for their regular queries as well as deliver custom fixes to particular issues and malware problems. The technical support team will provide one-on-one assistance to each subscriber until the issue gets resolved and subscriber is fully satisfied. How Can SpyHunter Benefits Users? Malware Detection and Removal: Detects and remove all kinds of malware such a virus, browser-hijacker, keyloggers, Trojan, adware, ransomware, rootkits and many more. Advanced Removal Capabilities: SpyHunter has a very advanced scanning algorithm and mechanism. It customizes low-level OS that beneath works below Windows easily remove all the latest, sophisticated and stubborn malware Detects Potentially Unwanted Program and Fix Privacy Issues: SpyHunter can easily detect PUP, Greyware, tracking cookies and other perilous infections. User can customize to separately remove or exclude these programs if they wish Exclusion: This provide the option to exclude certain programs from SpyHunter scans in future Regular Updates and Security Patches: The malware detection database of SpyHunter regular gets updated and thus it can easily remove latest malware threats User Friendly Interface and 24*7 Customer Support: The front user interface of SpyHunter is very simple and easy to use. Further, SpyHunter offers HelpDesk feature to provide one-on-one customer support service. If you are not able to automatically fix your PC issues with SpyHunter, the problem will be further handled with the team of security experts on one-on-one basis. Customized Malware Fixes: With the feature of SpyHunter HelpDesk, the support team can deliver custom malware fixes to unique problems of the users. The support team and technical experts will analyze the diagnostic report and will provide custom fix that can be executed by SpyHunter. Special Offer Search.heasyfreerecipes.com is determined as very transmittable computer virus. It makes place on your computer deep inside system memory and makes removal task complicated. You can go through Spyhunter Anti-malware and check that it detects this threat for you. If you find this malware, you can go for its proper removal procedure as discussed below in this article. If you wish to know How Spyhunter works click on hyperlink. You can also check SpyHunter's EULA, Threat Assessment Criteria, and Privacy Policy. You need to be sure that only scanner of Spyhunter is free. If scanner detects this threat, it will subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal. If you are looking to remove this threat instantly then you need to purchase licensed version of this Anti-Malware tool. System Requirements: SpyHunter Version: 5.0.0030 SpyHunter File size: 96.3 MB SpyHunter File Format: EXE (Standalone) System Operating Systems Supported Microsoft® Windows® XP (32-bit) Home/Professional/Tablet PC/Media Center (32-bit) with Service Pack 3 or later Microsoft® Windows® Vista (32-bit and 64-bit) Starter/Home Basic/Home Premium/Business/Ultimate Microsoft® Windows® 7 (32-bit and 64-bit) Starter/Home Basic/Home Premium/Professional/Ultimate Microsoft® Windows® 8, Windows 8.1 and Windows 8 Pro (32-bit and 64-bit) Microsoft® Windows® 10 Home/Professional/Enterprise/Education (32-bit and 64-bit) Minimum Hardware Requirements 1 GHz CPU or faster 1 GB of RAM or more 200 MB of available hard disk space or more Steps to delete Search.heasyfreerecipes.com using Windows Scanner Step 1: In first step, you need to download and save scanner software. Next open this application and click on run to start. Step 2: Follow the gives installation to complete its installation and finally click on finish button to exit from installation Step 3: Now click on "Scan Computer Now" button to start its scanning procedure Step 4: In this step, you can view progress of scanning and detection of Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and other threats from Windows PC Step 5: Now you can view all detected threats in thumbnail format with its complete details Step 6: Spyware HelpDesk option gives you technical support 24x7, if you are unable to remove Search.heasyfreerecipes.com from your computer Step 7: System Guard helps you to block upcoming threats that are trying to make place on your PC Step 8: Network Sentry helps you protect your network from trending malware Step 9: Scan Schedule option facilities you to scan your computer at pre-defined time on daily, weekly or monthly basis. Solution C: Steps for users facing Search.heasyfreerecipes.com issues in Mac OS In case if your Mac OS has been infected with Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and you are searching for instant solution then MacBooster is one of the powerful application you can opt for. It is capable to give you simple and fastest solution to cure issues related with this infectious programs. Using the tool, you can make your Mac PC fast, clean and safe from all kind of malicious threats. It has build great reputation among users in very short span of time due to its quick and effective removal procedure. Below are the steps, you need to follow to install MacBooster and remove Search.heasyfreerecipes.com on Mac OS: Step 1: At first all you need is to click on download to install MacBooster Step 2: Now, you need to drag installer file to Application folder to install this program Step 3: Click on Scan button to start scanning procedure Step 4: Finally, click on Fix option to end process and eliminate malicious threats on Mac Tips to protect your computer from Search.heasyfreerecipes.com and other similar viruses in Future Here are some essential points that will help you to protect your PC from any upcoming viruses: Always scan USB or any external device before accessing it Avoid installation of unknown extension, toolbar, add-ons, plug-ins and other while browsing Internet Keep your anti-viruses updated and always make use of its latest version Use anti-malware with real time protection facility Don't open email attachments coming from unknown source Always make complete scan of computer at regular interval
Alexa Rank
125,309
USA & Canada junkyards for cars, motorbikes & truks | Salvage-Parts.com. We have all junk yards in the USA and Canada. Find car, motorcycle and truck parts for your model in a wrecking yard close to you.
Alexa Rank
238,953
Free WordPress Themes | FabThemes. Fabulous and fresh wordpress themes. Free to download and use on your wordpress blog. No junk code or footer encryption.
Alexa Rank
369,856
Arik Yavilevich's blog | "Code IT", my thoughts on technology. With the release of Android 8.0 ("Oreo"), I as well as others have noticed that they cannot find some HM-10 clone BLE modules when scanning for them with an Android 8.0 (or newer) phone. Why is that happening and what can you do about it? tl;dr, the issue is due to a bug in the firmware of those modules, typically referred to as CC41 firmware. Fixing these modules is too much of a hassle and you would probably be better off getting a new module for communicating with Android 8.0 and perhaps use the problematic ones for iOS and pre Android 8.0 devices only. I have several projects which involve BLE, most noticeably Fochica, a system that alerts parents if they have unintentionally left their children in a vehicle. As a result I have been dealing with all sort of BLE modules in the last couple of years. Many of these modules are in a category called "HM-10 clones". I have written an Arduino sketch, arduino-ble-ident-n-set, to help identify the specific module type and to help configure it easily. Typically listed or sold as just "HM-10" these modules are a group of modules that share a form factor, pin layout and a micro-controller (the TI CC2541). While trying to mimic the original HM-10 by "Jinan Huamao technology Co" they differ by firmware, breakout board and daughter board. When ordering online it is very difficult to know which exact combination you will get. Only the original HM-10 modules have some kind of support, while other variations are mostly made by anonymous clone manufactures. I personally have dozens of modules with 6 different unique combinations, including 2 variants of CC41, 2 variants of MLT-BT05, an original HM-10 and a botched CC41 that I will describe in more detail later in the article. The bug When these modules fail, it could be due to an issue in the daughter board, the breakout board or in the firmware. This case is due to a bug in the CC41 firmware. When a BLE device receives a scan request it responds with a scan response. The response includes information about the device such as device name, services offered, etc. The length of the response depends on the amount of bytes in the response fields. The CC41 firmware always sends a response with length of 31 bytes. It basically performs a "read beyond bound" from the variable that stores the scan response. The first part of the 31 bytes is a valid scan response and the second part is some padding containing either uninitialized memory or data of the next variable in memory. iOS and pre Android 8.0 systems ignored this corrupt data but starting with Android 8.0 Google decided to perform stricter validation of this data. This was probably done to prevent potential security issues, crashes and to follow the standard more closely. The malformed response is ignored and the resulting behavior is as if the CC41 is not responding at all. I was able to reproduce and observe this behavior with the following BLE sniffing setup: TI SmartRF Protocol Packet Sniffer software - CC2540 USB device - - I got mine from eBay, probably a clone. SmartRF Flash Programmer software - TI SmartRF04EB programmer device - - I got mine from eBay, probably a clone. For a more DIY approach, there are articles showing how you can use an Arduino as a TI programmer. The steps are: Install the right software versions for your matching devices. Install a driver for the programmer. Program the "CC2540 USB" device with "Texas Instruments\\SmartRF Tools\\Packet Sniffer\\bin\\general\\firmware\\sniffer_fw_cc2540_usb.hex" firmware. Connect the CC2540 USB to your computer and run the packet sniffer software. I found the following guide from TI useful. We can now observe BLE traffic. Setting a filter on scan responses will make it easier to see the bug. Here are some responses from different BLE devices: CC41: 0D 09 46 6F 63 68 69 63 61 5F 33 31 41 44 00 00 81 00 10 00 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF ESP32: 02 01 06 0F 09 45 53 50 5F 47 41 54 54 53 5F 44 45 4D 4F 02 0A EB 05 03 EE 00 FF 00 HM-10: 07 09 48 4D 53 6F 66 74 MLT-BT05-V4.0: 09 09 4D 4C 54 2D 42 54 30 35 Local name, Field type, Length, Junk. I have color-coded the various parts to easily convey the issue in the response. For exact protocol details see the specifications. Few observations: A spontaneous idea might be to change the name of the CC41 device to something longer such that we have a valid response or at least a zero-padded one. However, the CC41 firmware doesn't allow to set a name longer than 18 characters. Most modules send only their name in response to a scan, while the ESP32 device in this example was programmed to send 3 other fields as well. Solutions It is unlikely that Android's new behavior will change so the typical resolution would be to update the firmware of the device to a bug free version. Unfortunately Bolutek, who seem to be the company behind the CC41, doesn't provide updated CC41 firmware or any easy way to upload the firmware to the device. We are left with the following options: Use another module Painful process to flash a different working available firmware Trying to hack the device Use another module This is probably the easiest option in terms of invested time. HM-10 clone modules are sold at $2 a piece so if you need to replace just a few it might be easier to order another HM-10 (clone) module. New modules will most likely come with a different firmware such as a MLT-BT05 variant, or even better an original HM-10 which has means for over-the-serial flash updates. If you still get a CC41 module nowadays I feel it is a valid reason to ask for a refund. Personally I am a bit tired of dealing with issues of the HM-10 ecosystem. You never know what you will get as the variability is so high. Most modules have an anonymous entity behind them and no way to get updates. The original model lost its value as a unique identifier of a specific model and became a generic identifier. Pairing/bonding is poorly implemented in the clones compared to alternatives. Due to these reasons and more you too might want to stay away from HM-10 all together. Nowadays I prefer using an ESP32 instead of an Arduino + HM-10 combination. The main reasons are: It is a bit more complex but you have full control of the firmware, you can define your own services/characteristics and use this for more than just wireless UART. There is a company behind the device and you don't need to do any wiring as the BLE (+BT+WiFi) is built into to the micro-controller. The ESP32 is a much more powerful chip than a typical Uno/Nano but still can be programmed the same way from an Arduino IDE. The ESP32 now has a decent BLE library. The big difference between the two approaches is that with the ESP32 you don't have a separate firmware for the external module, instead the code of the BLE is compiled together with the code of your program. When you upload your code you upload both your program and any BLE related code/libraries. Re-flashing to another firmware Those looking to "fix" their CC41 flashed modules can flash them with a different firmware. The only other firmware I am aware of that is available in a file that can be flashed is the HM-10 original firmware. Any modules with other firmware that I have tested always came "chip locked" so you can't read the firmware from the module. I guess the HM-10 firmware once leaked or was distributed without a "chip lock", which resulted in its availability. If you are aware of another firmware that exists for this purpose, please mention that in the comments. There are advantages and disadvantages to flashing the HM-10 original firmware to a clone device. Advantages: Pairing/bonding works better and with more phones models and OS versions Ability to do over-the-serial updates Works with Android 8.0 Works better as a beacon (iBeacon) Less bugs in general Disadvantages You will need to cut the shrink warp of your module You will need to do some soldering You will probably need to buy/build some tools (clips, programmer, etc) You might have to fix issues and apply workarounds to make the STATE pin work as expected PSA: The jnhuamao.cn site contained downloads with trojans and was classified as a malicious site on several instances so if you are downloading executables from there you have a chance of getting infected. You can do the process without going there which is what I would recommend, otherwise be careful. The instructions below are not going to be a complete tutorial for re-flashing the CC41, for detailed instructions, firmware files and discussion see the following resources: JDY-08 : bluetooth 4.0 module How to flash genuine HM-10 firmware on CC2541 (make genuine HM-10 from CC41) - Video I used the following tools to re-flash the module: SmartRF Flash Programmer software - TI SmartRF04EB programmer device - - I got mine from eBay, probably a clone. See CCLoader for a DIY approach. DIP16 programming clip/clamp - an option to consider instead of soldering wires to the module The steps I took for flashing Cutting the transparent shrink wrap that protects the module. You should consider taping it back when you are done flashing. Identifying the pins needed for programming: debug clock, debug data, reset, power 3.3V and ground. Adding solder to the pins/pads where connection are to be made. Bending the connectors of the DIP16 clip so they align to the pads of the castellated daughter board. They are not the same pitch by default. Running the SmartRF programmer software and setting the settings for writing the desired firmware. Connecting Gnd to the 2.54mm module pin and the other programmer connections via the clip. Connecting the programmer to the USB. Performing the program. Verifying the result through a BLE app and a serial connection. This worked surprisingly well. The difficult part was holding the clip in place steady for a good connection to the pads. If the connection is not good, then the device would not be detected in the programmer when it is plugged in. Fixing the STATE pin All works well with the new firmware except for the STATE pin. In the clones this pin is supposed to be HIGH when the module is connected and LOW when the module is disconnected. To accomplish that the clones use pin P1_1 (PIO2) which is connected directly to STATE while also having a separate pin P1_2 (PIO1) to drive the on board LED. The default behavior for the LED is to blink when the module is not connected and HIGH when the module is connected. In the original module, P1_1 is not used and is configured as OUTPUT LOW. Instead P1_2 is used for both the STATE and the LED. This means that by default the STATE will blink when the module is not connected, which is a weird behavior for a digital output signal. To compensate for that, the original HM-10 allows to reconfigure the behavior of P1_2 (PIO1) through AT commands to have it as LOW when the device is not connected. This is one aspect where I believe the clones are actually better than the original. It makes much more sense to have separate digital signal and visual LED indicator pins as each has its own expected logic. If, like me, you rely on the proper operation of the STATE pin for your application logic, then you will have to make another alteration to the module to reconnect the STATE pin to P1_2 instead of P1_1. Note that it is not enough to bridge the two, you have to actually cut the previous connection, otherwise there will be a short circuit between P1_2 and P1_1. Identify the trace that connects between STATE and pin P1_1 and cut it using a hobby knife. Verify that there is no conductivity. Then solder a bridge between STATE and the P1_2 pin or the LED or the LED resistor (depending on what is convenient on your breakout board). Verify that the two pins are not connected and that STATE is now properly connected to pin P1_2. Using AT commands or arduino-ble-ident-n-set configure the module to drive the LED in a boolean fashion. You should now have a proper STATE pin. Note, some HM-10 clone modules come with no solder bridge between pin P1_1 and the matching pad on the breakout board. If you intend to re-flash those, this can actually be an advantage. Don't fix this connection, re-flash the module and then bridge the two pads on the breakout board without bridging the matching pads on the daughter board. This should connect STATE to P1_2 while leaving P1_1 disconnected. Here you can see a CC41 module which was previously fixed to support STATE, now re-worked to support STATE in a HM-10 configuration: Creative solutions Perhaps there are additional ways to hack the CC41 module. I am really interested to know if you have any ideas. We know that there is at least one bug in the firmware and perhaps there are others, which can allow us to take control of the device, alter its behavior or dump its firmware. Perhaps somebody has an updated firmware or an original extracted firmware that can be patched... Conclusion It is possible to fix misbehaving modules by re-flashing them, but it is not a quick or easy process. Might be better to get new HM-10 modules or switch to alternatives. It would be nice to have more options. The importance of software updates is demonstrated once again. For the benefit of the community and other buyers, you are encouraged to leave reviews for any modules you get from eBay/aliexpress and describe their parameters such as type, version, STATE pin implementation, etc. This is the only way we can beat the huge fragmentation in the market and educate the sellers about the items they sell.
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