BIG LIST OF WEBSITES

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Top 250 Websites on PRIESTS

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Last updated on May 1 2020.
Here are the best websites we found: app.com • 666priests666.com • priests.org • priestshavebecomecesspoolsofimpurity.blogspot.com • voodoopriest-top10.com • niprels.blogspot.com • priestsbuses.com.au • prolifeproducts.org • truthwithboldness.com

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Asbury Park Press NJ | Jersey Shore & New Jersey News. The home page for Monmouth County and Ocean County, NJ: breaking and in-depth local news, sports, obituaries, databases, events, classifieds and more.
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49,776
Priests | The Seduction of Kansas. The Official website for the band Priests | The Seduction of Kansas out April 5th, 2019 on Sister Polygon Records
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1,000,001
priests.org - This website is for sale! -  Resources and Information.. This website is for sale! priests.org is your first and best source for all of the information you’re looking for. From general topics to more of what you would expect to find here, priests.org has it all. We hope you find what you are searching for!
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1,000,001
Priests Have Become Cesspools Of Impurity
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1,000,001
Voodoopriest Top 10 - The world`s best voodoo priests. voodoo priest-top10 - The world `s best voodoo priests - The best Top 10 voodoo priests of the world - The Top 10 ranking for successfull spells . Customers help customers with his own positive experiences of voodoo priest/magician.
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1,000,001
Association of Nigerian Priests, Religious and Seminarians in Rome (NIPRELS). Association of Priests, Religious and Seminarians in Rome (NIPRELS)
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1,000,001
Priests Coaches Wagga Wagga – Various sized buses are available for charter for any occasion.
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1,000,001
Priests for Life Online Store
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1,000,001
Speak the Truth with Boldness* | (Namby-pamby priests need not apply.). (Namby-pamby priests need not apply.)
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1,000,001
St. Dominic's Chapel – Traditional Latin Mass in San Antonio – Seguin, TX | Traditional Latin Mass (Tridentine Mass) independent chapel, located 20 minutes east of San Antonio, between Marion and Seguin. Traditional Catholic priests serving San Antonio, Austin, Houston, Corpus Christi, and surrounding areas by offering the 1962 Mass (pre Vatican 2) exclusively. St. Dominic's Chapel is traditional Catholic, rejecting the changes of Vatican 2. We only wish to remain Roman Catholic, even as the post-Vatican II Conciliar Church becomes Protestant. We choose to follow the first 261 popes, rather than the last 5!. Traditional Latin Mass (Tridentine Mass) independent chapel, located 20 minutes east of San Antonio, between Marion and Seguin. Traditional Catholic priests serving San Antonio, Austin, Houston, Corpus Christi, and surrounding areas by offering the 1962 Mass (pre Vatican 2) exclusively. St. Dominic's Chapel is traditional Catholic, rejecting the changes of Vatican 2. We only wish to remain Roman Catholic, even as the post-Vatican II Conciliar Church becomes Protestant. We choose to follow the first 261 popes, rather than the last 5!
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1,000,001
dehoncanada | Prêtres du Sacré-Cœur (Dehoniens) Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians). Prêtres du Sacré-Cœur (Dehoniens) Priests of the Sacred Heart (Dehonians)
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1,000,001
Bilderberg Nazi roots censored by Wikipedia StratCom hackers - https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/ www.bilderberg-mirror.org.uk High Priests of Globalisation - Bilderberg Conferences - parasitic NATO Mafia P2 style governmnent of power elit
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249,652
Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests
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1,000,001
Prophets, Priests and Poets
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1,000,001
A Tribute to Our Priests
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1,000,001
Presentation Ministries: Helping Catholics Grow in Christ. Presentation Ministries helps Catholics grow in Christ
Alexa Rank
105,063
Oracin por Sacerdotes | Oracin por Seminaristas | Cadena de Oracin Viernes | Prayer for Priests | Prayer for Seminarians
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450,529
Association of Catholic Priests |. plus Saints who are listed for this month, in the Liturgical Calendar for Ireland 01 November 02 November 03 November 04 November 05
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601,657
ChavaraMatrimony - Kerala Christian Matrimony Brides & Grooms. Chavara Matrimony - No.1 Kerala Christian Matrimony Site, Managed by Catholic Priests. Lakhs of Kerala Christian Matrimonial Brides & Grooms, Register FREE!
Alexa Rank
162,954
The Journal News | lohud.com | Westchester, Rockland, Putnam news. The Journal News and lohud.com: Get the latest news, information, sports, food, entertainment, real estate, video and opinion in Westchester, Rockland and Putnam, New York.
Alexa Rank
149,763
Dehonians USA – The Priests of the Sacred Heart (SCJs) is a Catholic religious community of brothers and priests devoted to the Heart of Jesus.
Alexa Rank
1,000,001
ACS - Providing parishes with priests. Religious charity, additional curates society, missionary society, vocations to the priesthood
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1,000,001
Bethesda Bedok Tampines Church – Bethesda (Bedok-Tampines) Church (BBTC) is an open brethren assembly, rooted in the Word and led by the Holy Spirit. We are an intentional disciple-making church with an end goal to make disciples who are effective priests and kings.
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1,000,001
Interference – Disrupting the work of propagandists, police, politicians, and priests.
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1,000,001
Home - The Priests House
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1,000,001
Bilderberg Nazi roots censored by Wikipedia StratCom hackers - https://37.220.108.147/members/www.bilderberg.org/ www.bilderberg-mirror.org.uk High Priests of Globalisation - Bilderberg Conferences - parasitic NATO Mafia P2 style governmnent of power elit
Alexa Rank
1,000,001
Christian News India, Catholic Church News and Features on politics, Church in Asia, Indian bishops, priests, nuns and CBCI|UCAN India. Latest Indian News and Features about and of interest to the Catholic Church. News reports on Church Activities, Social Issues, the Vatican, Bishops, Clergy and Religious in India. Church News and Updates. Features on Indian Religious Movements, tribals, Dalits, Social Issues, Employment, Religious Rituals, Mission, laity.
Alexa Rank
1,000,001
Our Lady of Angels Association – The Vincentians – Priests & Brothers of St. Vincent de Paul 1-800-575-9956
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1,000,001
UNIO Indonesia – The Community of Diocesan Priests in Indonesia
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1,000,001
Companions of the Cross | A Roman Catholic Community of Priests
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1,000,001
Mental Bondage In The Name Of God | A MUST READ FOR MUSLIMS WISHING TO DISASSOCIATE THEMSELVES FROM THE DOCTRINES OF EXTREMISM, TERRORISM, AND PAGANISM ESPOUSED BY THEIR SPIRITUAL LEADERS, AYATOLLAHS, PRIESTS, MULLAHS AND SCHOLARS. TABLE OF CONTENTS To read the Preface and Introduction, please visit Aidid Safar's Official Site. Please read the Fundamental Reading Principle BEFORE you continue reading this site. PART ONE Misconception The Qur’an (or the reading) Serve God alone God is not an Arab Ownership claim Create division among people Stone worshipers Worship of mountain rocks…
Alexa Rank
1,000,001
Preserving the authentic Traditional Catholic Faith and Traditional Latin Mass: CMRI. Traditional Catholic churches staffed by priests, Brothers, Sisters who have remained faithful to the authentic Catholic Faith and the true Magisterium of the Roman Catholic Church. Over 50 traditional Latin Mass centers in US and abroad, schools, nuns in full habit.
Alexa Rank
257,281
Welcome | Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology. The mission of Saint Meinrad Seminary and School of Theology is the initial and ongoing formation of priests, permanent deacons, and lay ministers to minister together effectively in the service of the Roman Catholic Church.
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205,479
Vatican Hides Pedophiles site. John Wojnowski protests the Roman Catholic Church''s production and protection of so many pedophile priests
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1,000,001
Velankanni Church Vailankanni Church Vailankanni Shrine Annai Vailankanni Velankanni Mathavu Our Lady of Good Health Lourdes Of The East History of Vailankanni Location Map of Vailankanni Location Map of Tamil Nadu Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine Mother Mary Apparitions of Mother Mary Prayers to Mother Mary Miracles at Vailankanni Annai Velankanni Velankanni Pally Photos of Velankanni Photos of Vailankanni. Velankanni Church, Vailankanni Church, Vailankanni Shrine, Annai Vailankanni, Velankanni Mathavu, Our Lady of Good Health, Lourdes Of The East, History of Vailankanni, Location Map of Vailankanni, Location Map of Tamil Nadu, Detailed Map of Vailankanni Shrine, About place Velankanni, Mother Mary, Apparitions of Mother Mary, Prayers to Mother Mary, Prayer Request to Mother Vailankanni, Testimonies- Vailankanni Church, Testimonials - Mother Vailankanni, Novena of Mother Vailankanni, Velankanni Church Timings, Personal experience at Velankanni, Description of Velankanni Church, Velankanni Beach, Velankanni Church surroundings, Miracles at Vailankanni, Feast Day of Mother Vailankanni, Photo Gallery of Mother Vailankanni, Photo Gallery of Mother Mary, Photo Gallery of Church Vailankanni, Life History of Mother Mary, Early Life of St. Mary, Mary and the Gospels, Christmas, Ascension of Mother Mary, Corronation of Mother Mary, Christianity in India, How To Get To Vailankanni , Bus Timings To Vailankanni, Train Timings To Vailankanni , Best Time To Get To Vailankanni, Map Of Tamil Nadu, Vailankanni Church - Campus Map 1 , Details About Vailankanni Church Campus , Vailankanni Church - Campus Map 2, Lady of Guadalupe Mexico (1531 ), Lady of Velankanni India (1560), Lady of Miraculous Medal Paris (1830), Lady of Miracle Rome (1842),Lady of La Salette France (1846), Lady of Lourdes, France (1858 ), Lady of Pontmain France (1871 ), Lady of Pellevoisin France (1876 ), Lady of Knock Ireland (1879 ), Lady of Fatima Portugal (1917 ), Lady of Beauraing Belgium (1932 ), Lady of Banneux Belgium (1933 ), Weeping Madonna of Syracuse Italy (1953, Luke 1:26-38: The Annunciation Account of Mother Mary, Birth of Jesus, The Assumption of Mother Mary, Presentation of Mary, Novena Prayer To Our Lady of Velankanni, Hail Mary In Pictures , Hail Mary In Different Languages , Canticle of Mary , Prayers of Devotion to the Blessed Mother , Prayers of Intercession to the Blessed Mother, Miscellaneous Prayers To Mother Mary, Act of Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Act of Reparation for the First Saturday of the Month, The Devotion of the Three Hail Marys , Hail Holy Queen - The Salve Regina , Mary, Queen of Missions Prayer , Mary, Mother of God , Litany of the Blessed Virgin Mary , To Spend the Day Well Prayer, Prayer of Morning Offering , The Miraculous Medal Prayer , Consecration Prayer to the Mother of Goodness Love and Mercy, ,Holy Mary, Help the Helpless, Immaculate Heart of Mary Prayer, Memorare, Our Lady of Bistrica Prayer, Our Lady of Czestochowa Prayer, Our Lady of Fatima Prayer, Our Lady of Good Counsel Prayer , Our Lady of Guadalupe Prayer, Our Lady, Help of Christians Prayer, Our Lady of Lourdes Prayer ,Our Mother of Perpetual Help Prayer, Our Lady of Mount Carmel Prayer, Our Lady of Sorrows Prayer, Rosary Novena Prayer, The Angelus Prayer, Prayer of St. Aloysius to the Blessed Virgin Mary, Hail you star of Ocean Prayer , A Marian Prayer for Deacons , O Virgin Mother, Sub Tuum Praesidum, Mary, Help of Those in Need , To Our Lady Mother of Advent, O Mary , Prayer To Our Lady Assumed Into Heaven , Historical Data of Vailankanni Shrine, Vailankanni Parish, Chronological List of Parish Priests of Vailankanni, Extension Basilica- Shrine Altar of Velankanni, The Growth of the Velankanni Shrine, Annual feast of Our Lady Vailankanni
Alexa Rank
1,000,001
TreasureNet. Browse thousands of messages related to treasure hunting, archaeology, history, metal detecting, relic hunting, caches, sunken treasures, shipwrecks, buried treasures, gold prospecting and more! Participate in our online treasure hunt!
Alexa Rank
246,260
Archdiocese of Bombay:. This website is dedicated to the Priests, Religious and Lay faithful of the Archdiocese of Bombay for their devotion, commitment and service, over the past 125 years, since the erection of the Archdiocese.
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456,261
Morris County NJ News | Daily Record. DailyRecord.com is the home page for Morris County, NJ, news and information with in-depth and updated local news, sports, lifestyles, people and events.
Alexa Rank
386,205
Lost Lake – Intimate live music venue in Denver's Bluebird Music District. Intimate live music venue in Denver's Bluebird Music District
Alexa Rank
401,269
Twitter. Spirit Daily
Alexa Rank
485,972
TxtMania |. The Philippines, a group of over 7,000 islands with combined land area encompassing 300,000 square kilometres, grew into a nation under more than three centuries of Spanish conquest and 42 years of American rule. It is the first country outside the New World that closely witnessed the United States' rise to power following the 1898 Spanish-American War. Situated 800 kilometres southeast of mainland Asia, the archipelago, named after King Philip II of Spain, was discovered in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, the same explorer who had discovered the Pacific Ocean in search of the so-called "Spice Islands" and is now widely considered the first navigator to have cruised around the planet. Ironically, the Filipinos, after having been subdued for centuries by foreign colonizers as a result of Magellan's voyage, would emerge as the best seafarers in the world, manning a third of all international vessels today. Some 7.8 million overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) and Filipino migrants would help rebuild cities in many countries and bring back over US$10 billion in annual remittances to their families in the Philippines. The country's geographical location and long exposure to foreign influences has placed the Philippines on a unique cultural base in Asia. It is now the only predominantly Catholic country in the region, with 70 million out of its total population of 85 million (as of 2005) confessing to be Catholic. There are also large numbers of Protestants and Born-Again Christians in the country while the Muslim population is concentrated in southern Mindanao. Early Trade The first inhabitants of the Philippines were the Negritos who traveled from mainland Asia over a land bridge that is now underwater. Migrants from other Southeast Asian countries such as Indonesia and Malaysia later followed and established a Malayan culture that flourished before the Spaniards came. Chinese and Arab merchants helped establish markets at the community level. A sultanate system, first established in the southern island of Sulu in the 14th century, is believed to have reached the islands of Luzon and Visayas, giving way to the rise of the Islamic faith. The Spaniards would later drive the Muslims to the south and establish Catholicism as the main religion in the north and central parts of the country. Local villages, known as barangay, traded agricultural and fishery products with each other. The Igorot tribe in Northern Luzon carved the marvellous Banaue Rice Terraces from the mountains, a proof of their advanced agriculture technology. Communities near the shore exchanged goods with Chinese and Arab merchants, who came aboard large ships. These communities traded slaves, gold, beeswax, betel nuts, pearls, and shells for porcelain, silk, iron, tin and semi-precious stones. The Philippine islands were a part of an extensive trade route used by Chinese merchants as early as the 10th century. By the time Magellan arrived in the islands, regular trade and cultural contact between Chinese traders and local chieftains were firmly instituted. Many Chinese merchants settled in the country and shared their crafts with the natives. Some historians claim that an Italian Franciscan priest, named Father Odorico, was actually the first European to have reached the Philippines in 1324 when his ship bound for China took refuge from a storm in Bolinao Island in northern part of Luzon. Aside from the Banaue Rice Terraces in the Cordillera Mountains, early settlers did not leave any giant monument, and this is what makes conservative historians doubt the existence of the rich kingdoms in the country hundreds of years ago. However, it cannot be denied that early Filipinos were learned individuals who expressed their beliefs and sentiments in rich languages. According to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), there are actually 78 language groupings and over 500 dialects in the Philippines. Feudal Society Magellan, who claimed the archipelago for Spain in 1521, died in a battle with a group of local warriors led by Lapu Lapu at Mactan Island. It was Ruy Lopez de Villalobos, in the fourth Spanish expedition, who named the territory as Filipinas after the heir to the Spanish throne in 1543. In 1565, Miguel Lopez de Legaspi led an expedition to colonize the islands and by 1571, most parts of the archipelago came under Spanish rule. The Spaniards established the colonial government first in Cebu in 1565 and then in Manila in 1571. Historians claim that University of San Carlos in Cebu and University of Sto. Tomas in Manila are the oldest universities teaching European type of education in Asia. Jesuit and Dominican priests established the two institutions. Under Spanish rule, Catholicism became the dominant religion. Catholic friars not only lorded over the congregations; they enjoyed vast political and economic influence, which they eventually used to repress Filipino peasants' uprisings in the largely feudal Philippine society at that time. The Spaniards also quelled a number of rebellions instigated by the Chinese migrants. The friars distributed lands to Spanish families, who later comprised the landowning class. To perpetuate their economic interests, this class would also rise to become the political elite that would remain in power to this day. This gave way to the hacienda system in the Philippines, where cacique or landowners managed large tracts of lands tilled by peasant workers. Under the system, farmers were supposed to receive half of the harvest, but they usually ended up with much less because they had to pay for large interests on debt incurred from the cacique. This would be later corrected with a system of land reform, which, however, remains to be fully implemented to this day. Galleon Trade The Manila-Acapulco galleon trade became the major trading system between Asia and the Americas for nearly two centuries. Manila became a transhipment point of American silver to China. It was through this trade that the first Chinese silk and porcelain reached the shores of the New World. There were unverified claims that Filipinos helped build the city of Los Angeles in America. The Chinese and Filipinos would later become the two largest Asian migrant groups in the United States. Coconut became the country's top agricultural product, because of Spain's huge need for charcoaled coconut shells used for the caulking of the galleons. In 1642, the colonial government issued an edict requiring each Filipino to plant 200 coconut trees all over the country. By 1910, coconut exports would account for a fifth of total Philippine exports and to this day, coconut oil remains the country's top agricultural shipment. The Galleon Trade lasted for about 200 years until 1815. It is during this period that rice and tropical fruits from the Philippines such as mango and banana made their way to Latin America. Beginning 1750, Spanish priests encouraged the development of plantations to grow abaca (hemp), tobacco, coffee and sugar. Sugar barons from the Visayas would later emerge as among the richest clans in the country. From 1762 to 1764, the British briefly captured Manila during the Seven Years War. The treaty of Paris ended the British occupation and returned the colony to the hands of their original colonial masters. Plantation Crops In 1781, the Spanish governor established the tobacco monopoly in the Philippines, which would become a major source of revenue for the colonial government. From 1820 to 1870, the Philippines would be transformed to an agricultural export economy. Located on the oceanic trading routes connecting Asia to other parts of the world, the Philippines became a transhipment point of merchandise goods from all over Southeast Asia on their way to Europe. The Philippines exported plantation crops such as sugar, abaca, other fibres, tobacco, coffee, and coconut products to China, Spain, United States, United Kingdom and British East Indies. In return, it imported textiles and rice. Historians claim that Spain administered the Philippine affairs through Mexico. Spanish administrators in the country were actually reporting to the Viceroyalty of Mexico. After Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821, Madrid directly governed its only Asian colony and even allowed rich Filipinos to study in Europe. The Spanish rule gave way to the rise of a small but highly powerful elite class, which to this day, controls most of the Philippine economy. The elite families, which own large plantations, were able to send their children to Europe for education. Foreign Investors Investors from Spain, Germany, Britain and other European countries laid the groundwork for utility companies in steam navigation, cable, telegraphy, railroads and electricity in the country. They also invested heavily in rice and sugar milling, textile and banking. The local elite developed the brewing industry, which would become one of the most profitable sectors in the economy. Although the educated Filipinos who studied in Europe shunned the use of force to topple the colonial government, their writings provoked nationalist sentiments among young men, who eventually formed a revolutionary movement against Spain. In 1896, the war between Spanish and Filipino soldiers escalated following the death of novelist Jose Rizal and rebel leader Andres Bonifacio. Emilio Aguinaldo, the new leader of the revolutionary forces, forged a pact with US Commodore George Dewey in Hong Kong to defeat the Spanish army. American Colony The Americans entered the scene because of its conflict with Spain over Cuba. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American war in the Pacific, the Philippines had to be taken by the US, lest other European countries such as Britain, France and Germany would fight for their next Southeast Asian colony. On June 12, 1898, Aguinaldo, first backed by American forces, declared the independence of Kawit, Cavite, the seat of the revolutionary Filipino government at that time, from Spanish rule. The Americans took possession of Manila on August 13, 1898. While armed clashes with Spanish forces continued in other parts of the country, the Americans and the Spaniards were negotiating for the purchase of the Philippines for US$20 million. In the Treaty of Paris in 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the US. Filipinos felt insulted at the fact that their country has been passed from one colonial master to another for only US$20 million. When the US, which had not conquered any country before, made known its intention to succeed Spain as the next colonizer of the Philippines, Aguinaldo and his men waged a revolutionary resistance that ended with his capture in March 1901. The American soldiers easily subdued the remaining factions of rebellion with the help of their powerful weapons and their divide-and-conquer tactic. As an archipelago of 7,000 islands, the Philippines is home to different ethnic groups which do not speak the same language. The national government's attempt to declare Tagalog (spoken in Central and Southern Luzon including Metro Manila) as the national language would not easily win the support of other regions. The Philippine-American war took the lives of 4,234 American and 16,000 Filipino soldiers. The death toll was much higher on the civilian population, with as high as 200,000 casualties. Although local resistance persisted until 1903, the US ended its military rule on July 4, 1901. American Way Under American civilian rule, the Philippines was introduced to US-type of education, Protestant religion, and later to the concept of democracy. Placed under US control were most parts of the country, except in the southern portion of Mindanao where Muslim rebels held strong resistance. William Howard Taft, the 27th US president, was the first American Civil Governor in the Philippines. Taft was praised for establishing a civil service system, creating a national legislature, suppressing prices, upgrading health standards, and sponsoring land reform and road building in the country. In 1907, the First Philippine Assembly composed of educated and rich Filipinos with vast landholdings. Manuel L. Quezon, who represented the Philippines in the US Congress, lobbied for the passage of the Jones Law, which in 1916 abolished the Philippine Assembly to give way for a bicameral legislature made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives. With the passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act in 1934, Filipinos had their first taste of self-rule through the Philippine Commonwealth, a transitional government designed to prepare the Filipinos over a ten-year period for independence. By 1935, the Commonwealth was in place with Quezon as its first president. The Philippines also approved a new constitution in the same year. The United States is credited for helping establish the Republic of the Philippines, the first democratic government in Asia. Economically, the Philippines was ahead of its Asian neighbours, who were still subjects of European colonial powers before the war. Japanese Invasion In December 1941, the Japanese Imperial Army invaded the Philippines and drove the Commonwealth Government from Manila. While Quezon continued to head the government-in-exile until his death in New York in August 1944, the Japanese forces handpicked Jose P. Laurel, a graduate of Yale University and Tokyo International University, to head a new government under their control. The Philippines was dragged into the war because of Japan's military ambition to become the dominant force in Asia and the Pacific. Japan wanted to be the leader of an economic zone in East Asia, which would be the source of its raw materials. The US presence in the Philippines, known for its strategic location in Southeast Asia, was the largest threat to the Japanese forces, following the destruction of the American Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. While the American forces were regrouping in the United States, Filipino soldiers formed a guerrilla organization called Hukbalahap (People's Anti-Japanese Army). Some 30,000 guerrillas at that time engaged the Japanese army in intermittent clashes. The Hukbalahap would later adopt the communist ideology and rule in the countryside. Meanwhile, Sergio Osmeña replaced Quezon as the head of the government-in-exile and joined General Douglas MacArthur in the liberation of Manila. General MacArthur returned to the Philippines via the island province of Leyte, along with 174,000 army and navy servicemen on October 20, 1944. The liberation of Manila took almost 20 days from February 3 to 23, 1945 and the fierce battle destroyed much of the city, with its ruins now often compared to the ruins of Warsaw, Poland in Europe. The Japanese army, however, continued to fight in the provinces, until September 2, 1945 when General Yamashita, the Tiger of Malaya who was believed to have hidden vast amount of treasures during the war, surrendered in Baguio City. It is estimated that the battle of Manila cost the lives of 1 million Filipinos, 300,000 Japanese and 60,000 Americans. The intensity of the US-Japan war would force the former to drop an atomic bomb in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 and in Nagasaki three days later. US Bases By February 1945, Osmeña restored the Commonwealth in the Philippines but it was only on July 4, 1946 that the US granted the Philippines its independence, coinciding with the celebration of the Independence Day in America. However, US military bases would remain in the country for the next 45 years. On March 14, 1947, Manila and Washington signed the Treaty of General Relation, which provided the US to construct military bases for a lease period of 99 years. In 1959, the agreement was amended to shorten the lease period until 1991, after which both sides were to renegotiate the contract. When the US sought a ten-year extension of the lease period in 1991, the Philippine Senate, led by Senate President Jovito Salonga, rejected the proposal in a historic casting of vote on September 16, ending US military bases in the country. With newfound freedom in 1946, Filipinos elected Manuel A. Roxas, leader of the Liberal Party and one of the seven members of the Constitutional Convention who drafted the 1935 Constitution, as the first president of the independent republic in April 1946. His presidency was focused on rebuilding the cities and municipalities torn by the war, redistributing lands as wealthy landowners returned to reclaim their estates, and confronting the Hukbalahap, which by this time was tagged as a socialist-communist organization. The economy grew at a rapid pace, immediately after the war. Special Treatment Close economic ties between Manila and Washington continued after the war on the back of agreements providing for preferential tariffs for American exports and special treatment for US investors in the Philippines. In the 1946 Philippine Trade Act, the Americans were granted duty-free access to the Philippine market and special rights to exploit the country's natural resources. Because of the Trade Act, the Philippines suffered a huge trade deficit with the influx of American imports. In 1949, the Philippine government was forced to impose import controls, after getting the consent of Washington. Roxas' two-year presidency ended with his death, following a heart attack while delivering a speech at Clark Air Force Base in Pampanga province in April 1948. Vice president Elpidio Quirino succeeded Roxas as president and defeated Jose P. Laurel to keep his post in the 1949 presidential race. It was during Quirino's term that the Minimum Wage Law was enacted and the Central Bank was established to stabilize the peso and consumer prices. The country's gross national product grew by an average of 7.7 percent annually in the early 1960s, on the back of the double-digit increase in the manufacturing sector. In the 1953 presidential election, Ramon Magsaysay, who had served as defense secretary under the Quirino administration, won by a landslide. The charismatic Magsaysay initiated peace talks with the Hukbalahap, which would later evolve into a communist organization. He became popular for opening the gates of Malacanang Palace to ordinary people. He died in a plane crash on Mount Manunggal in Cebu in March 1957, which to this day remains a mystery to many Filipinos. While the standard of living in the Philippines was below that of the Western World, the country was often cited as the second richest economy in Asia, after Japan in the 1960s. However, ill-advised economic policies, poor governance and rapid population growth in the country would allow other Asian economies such as Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Thailand and China not only to catch up with but to leave the Philippines behind in the race towards industrialization. Filipino First Vice President Carlos P. Garcia assumed the country's top government post following the death of Magsaysay. Garcia was known for his First Filipino Policy and Austerity Program, which put the interests of Filipinos ahead those of foreigners. Under his austerity measures, he encouraged temperate spending, which resulted in less imports and more exports. His nationalist policies, however, perpetuated the business interests of the ruling elite in the country and did not encourage local businesses to be competitive. Garcia lost to his vice-president in the 1961 presidential poll. Protectionist policies allowed local manufacturers to control the economy from 1949 to 1962, discouraging them from becoming competitive. Diosdado Macapagal, father of incumbent President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, was the president from 1961 to 1965. Before he became president, he authored the land reform program as a legislator and was vice-president to Garcia. As president, Macapagal began a five-year socio-economic program by removing imports control and liberalizing foreign exchange. It was Macapagal who declared June 12 as the national Independence Day. In 1962, the Macapagal administration began devaluing the peso by half to around 3.90 to the US dollar. Macapagal initiated a shift in investments from the light industries to chemicals, steel and industrial equipment. He was also one of the proponents of the MAPHILINDO, a trade bloc of three South East Asian countries – the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia. This bloc later expanded to what is now the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). By 1965, foreign capital was present in nearly a third of the country's capital stock. Martial Law Ferdinand Marcos, the Senate president, defeated Macapagal in the presidential election to become the country's tenth president in November 1965. A close ally of the United States, Marcos launched military campaigns against the insurgents including the communist Hukbalahap and Moro rebels in Mindanao. In August 1967, Manila hosted a summit that led to the creation of the ASEAN. With his reelection in 1969, Marcos had to contend with worsening civil strife. An ideologist named Jose Ma. Sison founded the Communist Party of the Philippines on December 26, 1968. It was during the same year that University of the Philippines Nur Misuari founded the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), the armed wing of Islamic resistance movement. In June 1971, the government convened the Constitutional Convention to amend the Constitution. Ironically, Marcos declared Martial Law on September 21, 1972, following a series of bombings in Metro Manila, He abolished Congress, curtailed freedom of the press, imposed curfews, ordered the arrest of his political enemies, prohibited labour unions, and controlled the economy with the help of his cronies. Although his wife Imelda was credited for building some of the country's finest monuments, she was criticized for personal extravagance, a form of which was maintaining a collection of 3,000 pairs of shoes. Green Revolution The so-called green revolution in the early 1970s, which introduced new farming technologies, enabled the Philippines to export rice to its neighbours. The International Rice Research Institute was established in Los Banos town, Laguna province where Thai, Vietnamese and other Asian researchers trained to develop their own rice production. Thailand would later become the world's largest rice exporter and the Philippines one of the largest rice importers. With the introduction of new farming technologies, the Philippines became heavily dependent on importer fertilizers, which are mostly fuel-based. The increase in world crude oil prices also pushed prices of fertilizers, to the detriment of Filipino farmers trying to adopt the modern technologies. Chinese Tycoons On June 9, 1975, the Marcos administration signed a joint communiqué with Communist China to restore official diplomatic relations. The Communiqué recognized that "there is but one China, of which Taiwan is an integral part. In return, China vowed not to interfere in the internal affairs of the Philippines and refrained from providing any substantial support to the Communist Party of the Philippines, the largest insurgent group in the country. The largest success story in the Philippines actually involved Chinese merchants who left China in pursuit of business opportunities abroad. Unlike rich American investors, Chinese migrants came to the Philippines with little money but large determination that the country's democratic society would help them become rich. True enough, they found goldmine in the Philippines. Today, the richest individuals in the Philippines have Chinese names, including billionaires such as Lucio Tan, Henry Sy, John Gokongwei, and George Ty. Together, they are the largest group of investors in the Philippines and control most of the largest companies in the country. Overseas Workers Under Martial Law, one man other than Marcos would singularly define labour relations in the Philippines and the role of the Filipino workers in the world. Labour Minister Blas Ople, a former journalist, authored the Labor Code on November 1, 1974 and launched the overseas employment program in 1976, which would send young and talented Filipinos who could not find work at home to other countries for dollar-earning jobs. Ople obtained the permission of Marcos to deploy thousands of Filipino workers overseas to meet the growing need of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq and the United Arab Emirates for skilled workers and the rising demand for Filipino seamen in flag-of-convenience vessels. Hesitant at first, Marcos later conceded to the proposal, if only to tame the growing militancy building among the hearts of the young and intelligent Filipinos who could not find job opportunities in their own land. The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) were established to intensify recruitment of Filipino workers. This would make the Philippines the third largest destination of dollar remittances in the world, next to the more populous countries of India and Mexico. The Marcos administration also tried to court foreign investors, by committing guarantees against nationalization and imposing restrictions on trade-union activity. However, the blatant record of human rights abuses by the military under his administration was a big turnoff among foreigners. Under Martial law, the military and the police killed, abused, or arrested at least 10,000 Filipinos, including some of the brightest students and intellectuals. Many had disappeared without a trace. While Marcos lifted martial law on January 17, 1981 in time for the visit of Pope John Paul II to Manila in February, he maintained most of his powers as a dictator. Benigno Aquino, an opposition senator living in asylum in the US, decided to return to Manila in 1983. His death, from assassins' bullets at the tarmac of the Manila International Airport, sparked adverse sentiments against the Marcos administration. Bankruptcy As the economy stagnated under the Marcos administration because of a mix of bad economic policies, corruption and uncontrolled population growth, the government had to resort to foreign borrowing to finance the fiscal deficit. In October 1983, the Central Bank notified its creditors about its plan to default payment on debt amounting to US$24.6 billion. With the growing loss of confidence by the business community, the peso depreciated by as much as 21 percent in 1983. The gross domestic product shrank by 6.8 percent in 1984 and by 3.8 percent in 1985. Emboldened by Marcos' dipping popularity, the opposition gathered around Aquino's widow, Corazon Cojuangco Aquino, who would later challenge Marcos in the 1986 snap presidential election. When Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly) declared Marcos the winner amid allegations of widespread electoral fraud, protesters, buoyed by Manila archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin, trooped to the streets. Following the defection of Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Armed Forces vice chief Fidel Ramos from Marcos, protesters began converging along EDSA near Ortigas Avenue, which would culminate in the ouster of Marcos from Malacanang Palace on February 25, 1986. The media called the bloodless uprising as the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution - something that political groups would later thought could be replicated time and again. Democratic Rule After Marcos, his family and his cronies fled from the Philippines, Aquino became president, organized a new government, freed the political prisoners and tried to restore democratic rule in the country. In February 1987, her government approved a new Constitution, which would later be subjected to heated debates over its restrictive provisions on foreign participation in the economy. The 1987 Constitution restored the presidential system of government with a bicameral legislature composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives and an independent judiciary headed by the Supreme Court chief justice. To avoid a replication of Marcos' excesses, the Constitution limited the president's stay in office to one six-year term. It also created the autonomous regions of Muslim Mindanao and Cordillera and put agrarian reform as the cornerstone of the government's plan for social transformation. A renegade faction in the Philippine military launched a series of coup attempts against the Aquino presidency. Perception of political instability dampened economic activities and refrained the economy from matching the large strides taken by its Asian neighbors in the 1980s and 1990s. By this time, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand have overtaken the Philippines in the race towards industrialization. The Arroyo administration, while taking pride of having restored democracy, failed to bring the economy on track towards industrialization, and one of the factors singled out was the president's political inexperience and lack of consistency in pushing for economic reforms. In the 1992 presidential election, Aquino endorsed the candidacy of her chosen successor – Defense Secretary Fidel Ramos. In June 1991, Mount Pinatubo's powerful eruption sent tons of ashes around the planet's atmosphere. Subsequent lava/lahar flow buried several towns in Central Luzon and jolted the economy. The natural tragedy also forced American soldiers at Clark Field and Subic Bay to withdraw from their bases earlier than stipulated. The US turned over to the Philippine government the two bases with total assets amounting to US$1.3 billion. The Philippine government later transformed the two bases into special economic zones. Liberalisation In 1992, Fidel Ramos was elected President. He began his term amid an energy crisis, which plunged the country literally into darkness. This he was able to resolve by inviting foreign investors to take part in the so-called build-operate-transfer (BOT) scheme, where they would serve as independent power producers (IPPs) enjoying a lot of incentives and guaranteed market. While it brought light to Filipino households, the scheme would later translate to high electricity rates. In 1995, the Ramos administration also had to contend with a rice shortage, as a result of low agricultural production and poorly managed importation program. Since then, the government has authorised the National Food Authority (NFA) to import rice at will in order to prepare for any shortage in domestic stock. The Ramos presidency was also responsible for economic reforms such as privatisation of government assets, trade and banking liberalisation and deregulation, which would push annual trade growth at double-digit levels and draw in large-ticket foreign investments. By 1996, the Philippines was described as a newly industrialising economy along with the likes of Thailand and Malaysia. It was also under the Ramos presidency that communism was legalised, and some leftist organisations would later join Congress as partylist groups. The government and the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) headed by Nur Misuari would sign a peace agreement that would establish a peace zone in southern Philippines. However, other militant rebel groups such as the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and Abu Sayyaf would continue waging a war against the government for a Islamic state in the south. What Ramos failed to accomplish is the amendment to the 1987 Constitution to remove the restriction on foreign ownership of land and public utilities, which limits maximum ownership to 40 percent. The opposition party accused him of trying to tinker with the charter to remove the six-year term limit of the president and in the process perpetuate his stay in power. In the end, he had to give up such attempt under the weight of public opinion. Financial Crisis With the outbreak of the Asian financial crisis, the Philippine economy contracted by 0.6 percent in 1998, the same year Joseph Estrada, a popular politician with links to the movie industry, became president. The economy actually grew although at a slower pace at 3.4 percent in 1999 and at 4 percent in 2000 even as the inflation and interest rates began to decline. In comparison, growth reached 5.2 percent under the Ramos presidency in 1997. While Estrada got the backing of Filipino-Chinese businessmen by reducing the problem of kidnapping, he did not get the same support from other "elite" businessmen. Despite appointing top economists, Estrada, a former college dropout, could not convince the "high society" that he could resolve the country's economic woes. Ironically, what brought down the Estrada administration was not his economic policies, seen by many as not substantially different from those of Ramos, but the perception of wide corruption in his administration. In October 2000, a former ally implicated Estrada in illegal gambling payoffs and kickbacks. Reports that he has many wives housed in different mansions also got Estrada indifferent treatment from the Church, which was a force behind the 1986 People's Power Revolution. EDSA 2 In December 2000, the House of Representatives impeached Estrada. The subsequent impeachment trial at the Senate was aborted when senators from the opposition party walked out of the courtroom, triggering street demonstrations reminiscent of the 1986 revolt. Within hours after the walkout, the crowd at EDSA grew into millions of anti-Estrada protesters. When political and military leaders withdrew their support from Estrada, Supreme Court Chief Justice Hilario Davide swore Vice President Gloria Mapacagal Arroyo as the next president on January 20, 2001. Arroyo, a daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal, came to Malacanang with a promise to clean the government of corrupt officials and bring down the number of poor Filipinos, which represents a third of the total population. In her first year in office, she faced numerous challenges starting with the May 1 rebellion, instigated by the Estrada camp to regain the presidency. The rebellion proved futile, as the highly politicised military and the police remained loyal to Arroyo. She also had to contend with Muslim extremists, who began to target cities in their attacks. Following the terrorist attacks in the US on September 11, 2001, the Philippines was one of the first countries to express support for a US-led international campaign against terrorism. On the economic front, Congress passed the liberalisation of the retail trade sector and the Electric Power Industry Reform Act of 2001, which aims to privatise the state-owned National Power Corporation. The Arroyo administration also promoted business process outsourcing (BPO), information technology, tourism, and mining as key investment areas for foreign companies. Trade with other Asian countries was also given importance in view of the declining trade volume with the United States. Telecommunications One particular industry, which has led economic growth since 2000 is telecommunications, although this proved to be a bane for other industries as Filipinos cut their expenditures on other items to buy mobile phones and pay for monthly network services. By 2005, it is estimated that half of the 85 million Filipinos would have mobile phones, a high penetration rate for a developing market. Because of the global economic slump following the September 11 attacks, the GDP grew by merely 1.8 percent in 2001. Growth reached 4.3 percent in 2002 and 4.7 percent in 2003 even as the Arroyo administration confronted communist and Islamic insurgency problems and a shocking military coup in July 2003. After surviving the coup, Arroyo won the May 2004 presidential election over Estrada's close friend and popular actor Fernando Poe Jr. Economic growth reached 6.1 percent in 2004, the highest in 15 years, although this was negated by high inflation and uncontrolled unemployment rates which were more felt by the poor. Fiscal Deficit Pressed by economists to narrow the burgeoning fiscal deficit, President Arroyo urged Congress to pass a package of tax reform measures aimed at achieving a balanced budget by the end of her term in 2010. Because of a long history of budget deficits, the public debt hit more than 130 percent of the GDP in 2003 and has been rising since then. Different sectors, however, criticised the administration for passing a heavier burden of taxation on the people at a time crude oil prices were hovering at historic high levels and pushing prices of goods and services beyond the capacity of ordinary consumers. By the second half of 2005, there were signs that the fiscal deficit was narrowing, even with the delay in the implementation of the Expanded Value Added Tax (EVAT) law, which raised by 2 percentage points the tax rate on consumer products and services to 12 percent and by 3 percentage points the corporate income tax to 35 percent. The new EVAT law, which was expanded to cover fuel and electricity, took effect on November 1, 2005. New Constitution As the popularity of President Arroyo dipped to the lowest level amid allegations that she bought her way to the presidency in the 2004 presidential elections, she was given an option to correct the loopholes in the political system by amending the 1987 Constitution. She formed a Consultative Commission to recommend charter amendments focusing on lifting all restrictions to foreign investments and paving the way for a shift in the form of government from a presidential, central system into a parliamentary, federal system. Posted by Text Mates at 4:16 PM 0 comments Labels: Economy, History, National, Social Filipino Inventions Solar powered Balut maker The College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology at the University of the Philippines-Los Banos has invented a solar "balut" maker. Engineer Fernando Paras Jr. said the machine, which covers an area of five square meters, is actually an incubator that can process duck eggs into embryonated eggs or balut for 15 to 17 days. Traditionally, balut makers in Pateros have been using electricity for incubation. The new invention is a two-way solar-powered system, with the solar water heater serving as the primary heat source while the photovoltaic cells serve as the auxiliary heat source regulating the temperature inside the incubator. The machine can process up to 4,000 eggs at the same time. This can double the income of farmers. SMS reader for the Blind A group of four engineering students from the De La Salle University invented the SMS reader, a device that allows the blind to read and send text messages. The prototype is composed of a black box with a Braille display that mimics the interface of a mobile phone. A data cable is connected to a slot in the black box. Superkalan Narciso Mosuela of La Union province invented the "superkalan", a novelty stove that can be fired with anything that burns—wood, paper, dried dung and leaves, corn cobs, and coco shells. The body of this stove is made of aluminum alloy, with a cast iron heat intensifier. For his invention, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) bestowed on Mosuela the "best design award" for Third World country category in 1987. Aside from the superkalan, Mr. Mosuela invented a functional rice thresher and other kitchen gadgets. Anti-cancer cream In November 2005, Filipino inventor Rolando dela Cruz won the gold medal for his "DeBCC" anti-cancer cream at the prestigious International Inventor's Forum in Nuremberg, Germany. The "DeBCC" cream, developed from cashew nuts and other local herbs, was chosen over 1,500 entries as the "most significant invention" of the year. According to Mr. dela Cruz, the cream was a simple answer to basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the most common type of skin cancer worldwide. BCC affects around 800,000 Americans every year, according to the Skin Care Foundation. BCC also affects 500,000 Europeans and 190,000 Australians every year. Mole Remover In 2000, Rolando dela Cruz developed an ingenuous formula that could easily remove deeply grown moles or warts from the skin without leaving marks or hurting the patient. His formula was extracted from cashew nut (Annacardium occidentale), which is common in the Philippines. The formula won for dela Cruz a gold medal in International Invention, Innovation, Industrial Design and Technology Exhibition in Kuala Lumpur in September 2000. In March 1997, dela Cruz established RCC Amazing Touch International Inc., which runs clinics engaged "in a non-surgical removal of warts, moles and other skin growths, giving the skin renewed energy and vitality without painful and costly surgery." Modular Housing System Edgardo Vazquez won a World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) gold medal in 1995 for developing a modular housing system. Such a system called Vazbuilt is reportedly capable of building within weeks a house with prefabricated materials that can withstand typhoons and earthquakes. Ironically, Vasquez is not getting enough support from the Philippine government to propagate his technology, which could help provide shelter to some five million Filipino families without their own homes. Vazquez is the national president of the Filipino Inventors Society. Super Bunker Formula-L In 1996, Rudy Lantano Sr., a scientist from the Philippine Department of Science and Technology (DOST), won the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) gold medal for developing Super Bunker Formula-L, a revolutionary fuel half-composed of water. The mix burns faster and emits pollutants, 95 percent less than those released to the air by traditional fuel products. The inventor said his invention is a result of blending new ingredients and additives with ordinary oil products through agitation and mixing, which is a very safe process. The initial plan was to commercially produce two million liters of Alco-Diesel, two million liters of Lan-Gas and an unlimited quantity of Super Bunker Formula-L each day for customers in Luzon. Natural Gas Vehicle The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a vehicle that runs on natural gas, whose rich deposits remain untapped under the Philippine seabed. The project's main objective is to look into the potential of natural gas as an alternative fuel to conventional petrol and diesel for the transport sector. The natural gas vehicle (NVG) has been road-tested in Isabela where an existing natural gas supply from the PNOC Gas Plant is located. Test runs have also been made in Cagayan, Ifugao and Mountain Province. The test vehicle used was the Isuzu Hi-Lander 4JA-1, direct injected diesel engine. The use of natural gas as a fuel is cheaper. On a gallon-equivalent basis, natural gas costs an average of 15 to 40 percent less than gasoline and diesel. There are over one million NVGs in the world today, according to the International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles. Lamp Fixing Invention A Filipino inventor has developed a technology, which could revive a busted lamp (pundido) and give it more years of functional life than those of new ones. Acclaimed by the Filipino Inventors Society as timely and revolutionary, the Nutec system can prolong the life of fluorescent lamps up to seven years. Nutec was developed by New World Technology, headed by president Eric Ngo and chosen as the "Product of the Year" at the Worldbex 2000 Building and Construction Exposition held at the Manila Hotel. Engineer Benjamin S. Santos, national president of the Inventors Society, called Nutec a timely invention. "Tubig Talino" The Department of Science and Technology claimed that it has developed "Tubig Talino", an iodine-rich drinking water that treats micronutrient deficiencies responsible for goiter, mental and physical retardation, and birth defects. "Tubig Talino" is actually a mixture of 20 liters of water and 15 ml of "Water Plus + I2". Consumption of five glasses a day of this iodine fortification in drinking water is expected to provide 120 micrograms of iodine, which meets 100 percent of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of a male adult. Feminine Hygiene Product Inventor Dr. Virgilio Malang won a gold medal for his invention "Psidium Guajava Effervescing Gynecological Insert", a silver medal for his "Patient Side-Turning Hospital Bed", and three bonze medals for his inventions "external vaginal cleanser", "light refracting earpick", and "broom's way of hanging" at the Seoul International Fair in held South Korea in December 2002. There were 385 inventions from 30 countries that joined the competitions. Patis Contrary to popular belief, there was no fish sauce or Patis yet during the Spanish occupation. Patis began to become a part of most Filipinos' diet only after the Japanese occupation. Here is an account of how an enterprising lady discovered the fermentation of Patis. Immediately after the war, the family of Ruperta David or Aling Tentay started a dried fish business. One day, Aling Tentay stored in jars some salted fish that turned into fragments even before they dried. While in jars, the fish fragments turned into a liquid substance that tasted like our Patis today. Thus the beginning of the thriving Patis business of Aling Tentay, which was officially registered in 1949 and is known today as Tentay Food and Sauces Inc. (Source: Philippine Daily Inquirer) A Showcase of Ingenuity Nothing perhaps has been associated with Filipino technology as much as the country's pride - jeepney. The word "jeep" evolved from the military designation, general-purpose or G.P., of a light vehicle first used by the Americans in World War II. Developed by the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps, this vehicle was powered by a four-cylinder engine and was classified as a quarter-ton truck in carrying capacity. It had served as a command vehicle, reconnaissance car, and ammunition carrier. The American soldiers brought these vehicles to the Philippines in the 1940s. After the war, these vehicles were left by the Americans and converted by the Filipinos into public utility vehicles. Employing artistic and indigenous designs, the Filipinos came up with a longer, well-decorated, techni-colored and sleeker vehicle, which they later called jeepney. From the standard military jeep, the body was extended to accommodate between 20 to 30 passengers. Modern jeepneys now sport very colorful and intricate paintings, fancy adornments, and metallic decors reflective of Filipino sentiments, values, and culture. The town of Las Pinas has been recognized as the jeepney-producing center in the country. Today, public utility jeepneys or PUJs serve as the primary means of transportation in most provinces. For this, the Philippines came to be known as the "land of the jeepneys".
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- Św. Jadwiga Śląska. msze św. po plosku, 欢迎参与在华沙的中文弥撒!, Thánh Lễ bằng tiếng Việt , Mass for African community leaded by African priests studying and working in Poland Every second Sunday of the month at 3.00 PM , La Santa Misa en la lengua española- cada domingo a las 13:00 horas.
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Priestly Ways - A Healing Priest's Blog | Just another WordPress.com weblog. I'm an avid WOW junkie!  I love playing WOW on many of my characters, but priest is what I excel at.  I decided to start writing a blog b/c there's just not many UP-TO-DATE blogs for raid healing priests. Background I've played WOW for 5 years now.  4 of those years on my priest.  During…
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Ponderings of a Marshwiggle | I shouldn't wonder. But I do.. By Andrew Peterson and Ben Shive We doDo you feel the world is broken? We doDo you feel the shadows deepen? We doBut do you know that all the dark won't stop the light from getting through? We doDo you wish that you could see it all made new? It isIs all creation groaning? It isIs a new creation coming? It isIs the glory of the Lord to be the light within our midst? It isIs it good that we remind ourselves of this? Is anyone worthy? Is anyone whole? Is anyone able to break the seal and open the scroll? The Lion of Judah who conquered the grave He is David's root and the Lamb who died to ransom the slave Is He worthy? Is He worthy? Of all blessing and honor and glory He isIs He worthy of this? He doesDoes the Father truly love us? He doesDoes the Spirit move among us? He doesAnd does Jesus, our Messiah hold forever those He loves? He doesDoes our God intend to dwell again with us? Is anyone worthy? Is anyone whole? Is anyone able to break the seal and open the scroll? The Lion of Judah who conquered the grave He is David's root and the Lamb who died to ransom the slave From every people and tribe Every nation and tongue He has made us a kingdom and priests to God To reign with the Son Is He worthy?Is He worthy? Of all blessing and honor and glory Is He worthy? Is He worthy? He is!Is He worthy of this? Is He worthy? Is He worthy? He is! He is! 
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Home - Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest. The Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, located here in England as well as Internationally, is a Society of Apostolic Life of Pontifical Right whose goal is the honor of God and the sanctification of priests in the service of the Church and souls. Its specific aim is missionary: to spread the reign of our Lord Jesus Christ in all spheres of human life. Our work is carried out under the patronage of the Immaculate Conception, to Whom the Institute is consecrated.
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Vincentians Ethiopia | helping those most in need in Ethiopia. The Congregation of the Mission, also known as the Vincentians is a community of Roman Catholic priests and brothers founded on the 27th September, 1625 in Paris by St. Vincent de Paul for the purpose of preaching missions to the poor country people and training young men in seminaries for the priesthood. Following the congregation’s…
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Racial Heresy | Making Racial Reconciliation a Spiritual Practice. Racial Heresy is the show where two Episcopal priests, one black, one white, challenge you to make racial reconciliation part of your spiritual practice.
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All Guides | Compilation Of The Settlers Online Adventure Guides. Clearing your island guide. This guide will help you to clear your island as well as any adventures guide. Bounty Hunter Save the Christmas Feast The End of the World The Lost Skull Tropical Sun Traitors Witch Of The Swamp Island Of The Pirates Horseback Dark Priests Stealing from the Rich Outlaws Bandit Nest  Old…
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Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter - FSSP Washington DC Pilgrimage - Home. The Fraternity''s annual Washington DC Pilgrimage is the pilgrimage run by FSSP priests and seminarians along the C & O Canal to the National Basilica of the Immaculate Conception in our nation''s capital
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Tantur Ecumenical Institute // University of Notre Dame. Jerusalem offers scholars, priests, ministers, members of religious communities and lay persons sabbatical and continuing education programs designed for research, study and touring the Holy Land.
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Home - The Swag. Quarterly magazine of the National Council of Priests of Australia
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Archdiocese of Bangalore | Home. At BangaloreArchdiocese.org find archdiocesan news & events, Archbishops engagments, circulars, audio & video message, parish priests & churches in bangalore.
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Institute of the Incarnate Word (IVE) - Home. Web site of the Institute of the Incarnate Word (IVE), catholic institute of religious misionary priests. It was founded by Fr. Carlos Buela in Argentina on 1984.
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SOTO ZEN BUDDHISM EUROPE OFFICE. SOTO ZEN BUDDHISM EUROPE OFFICE, This is the official website of SOTO ZEN BUDDHISM EUROPE OFFICE in Paris, France. We provide news and topics about activity of European Soto Zen Priests. Also for our association members, we prepare useful information and material.
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Saint James College Online: Accelerated Education in Fast-Track Adult Learner seminary chaplain and ordination study. 0% Interest Tuition Financing. At Saint James College Seminary, Accelerated Education can earn your online degrees, online ordination, or online chaplain training with our Fast-Track Adult Learner program. Free College Lessons for Unemployed People! Help with pet victims of diasters. Affordable, interest-free tuition financing,online universities,online degrees,online chaplain training, online ordination training,Divinity School online MBA,online MSW,online counseling degrees,online divinity training,online theology training,women''s ordination, women ministers,women priests,fast degrees more affordably than other schools of divinity
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DE PAUL English Medium High School -Bhimadole. The School is named after St. Vincent De Paul, a visionary of the 17th century born at Pouy, in France, in the year 1581, who transformed the society by selfless dedication and devotion to the cause of the downtrodden and the less privileged.In 1625, Vincent De Paul founded the Congregation of the Mission, a society of priests commonly known as the Vincentians and in 1633, With the assistance of Louise de Marilac, he founded the Daughter of Charity, a society of women, to support the poor. Vincent De Paul was renowned for his compassion, humility and generosity. He was singularly faithful to the duties of the state, careful to obey the suggestions of faith and piety, devoted to prayer,meditation, and all the religious and ascetic exercises. Of practical and prudent mind, he left nothing to chance. He died at Paris, on 27th september, 1660. The poor of Paris lost their best friend when he died.
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FORTY SOMETHING FAITH | Musings on Faith and Life in Christ from a Forty-Something Catholic Convert. For the moment all discipline seems painful rather than pleasant; later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it. (Hebrews 12:11) One of the greatest gifts God gives us here in South Texas during the early Spring is the beautiful Mountain Laurel trees. Blooming anywhere from late February to early March, the vibrant flowers burst from the trees in all their deep, purple richness. The beauty of the blossoms is matched by their sweet aroma that permeates the air wherever the trees may be found. The Mountain Laurels bloom before most other flowers later in the Spring, serving as a preview of the beauty and warmth still to come in April and May. It seems a shame though that such beauty comes just once a year, and for only a couple of short weeks. Now, as the ides of March have passed, the bright purple pedals have either faded or fallen off all together. To one looking at it for the first time, the Mountain Laurel looks like just another tree—one that will not produce its beauty again for a whole year. But in all these ways, it is fitting that the blooming and fading of the Mountain Laurels happens during the season of Lent. For just like the purple vestments worn by priests during Lenten Masses, the purple flowers of the Mountain Laurels remind us that this is a penitential season of preparation for the coming passion, death and resurrection of our Lord. Like the foretaste of the full beauty of Spring to come, the blooming Mountain Laurels give a preview of the full glory and divinity of the Resurrected Christ on Easter morning. Yet, as the flowers fade and disappear almost as quickly as they came, we are reminded that Lent is not quite over, and some amount of painful discipline remains before we are ready to celebrate the Resurrection and the "peaceful fruit of righteousness" to come. And as we look upon the Mountain Laurel now in all its ordinariness, bereft of the beauty of its flowers, we remember that it will be an ordinary tree upon which our Lord will be crucified on Good Friday—an ordinary tree made beautiful by the incarnate Word of God that hung upon it to conquer sin and death so as to open the gates of heaven for us all. In his recent book, "The Power of Silence", Cardinal Robert Sarah writes: "God achieves everything, acts in all circumstances, and brings about our interior transformations. But he does it when we wait for him in recollection and silence." As we pass through these last days of Lent into the coming Holy Week, let us persevere to wait for God in recollection and silence, thankful for the preview of His glory He has already given us, willing to allow God to continue transforming us interiorly, so that on Easter morning we may exclaim with confidence and joy, "He is Risen!" God love you.
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Montfort Missionaries. The Montfort Missionaries is a religious congregation of priests and brothers founded by St. Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort.
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Morris County NJ News | Daily Record. DailyRecord.com is the home page for Morris County, NJ, news and information with in-depth and updated local news, sports, lifestyles, people and events.
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A mosca que perturba o teu sono | Para perturbar o sono!. Para perturbar o sono!
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Visalia Times-Delta - Tulare County news, entertainment and sports. Find out what's happening in Visalia and Tulare County. The Visalia Times-Delta is your source for local news, crime, entertainment, sports, feature stories and opinion.
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John Halle » An idea, a CD, a blog.. An idea, a CD, a blog.
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How to cure recessions, inflations, stagflations and depressions while cutting taxes. The solutions for the federal debt, federal deficit, Medicare reform and solutions, Social Security reform and solutions, education, the infrastructure, balanced budget, defense, tax reform, fair taxes and other problems in the economy are shown in FREE MONEY. Discusses such topics as economic stimulus, balance of payments, balanced federal budget, balanced budget, bank failure, bank, bonds, CD, Concord Coalition, congress, cure recession, cure recession, cure stagflation, cure inflation, current account, cut interest, debt clock, debt, deficit solution, deficit, depression, depression solution, discount rate, discount rate, economics, economy, eliminate taxes, end taxes, end FICA, end FICA, fair tax, FDIC, federal deficit, federal deficit solution, federal government budget, federal reserve, federal tax, federal budget, federal debt, Federal Reserve, FICA, FREE MONEY, GDP, gold, gold standard, government budget, Gross Domestic Product, inflation solution, inflation, interest, interest rate, invest, Medicare cure, Medicare fix, Medicare reform, Medicare Solution, Medicare, money supply, money, mortgage, prevent stagflation, prevent depression, prevent inflation, prevent recession, prime rate, raise interest, recession, recession solution, reform social security, reform Medicare, regressive tax, Rodger Malcolm Mitchell, Rodger Mitchell, safe investments, safe investment, Social Security fix, Social Security cure, Social Security solution, Social Security, Social Security reform, stagflation, stimulate economy, stimulus, tax reform, tax, taxpayers, the Fed, Warren Mosler. Rodger Malcolm Mitchell explains how to cure recessions, inflations, stagflations and depressions while cutting taxes. The solutions for the federal debt, federal deficit, Medicare reform and solutions, Social Security reform and solutions, education, the infrastructure, balanced budget, defense, tax reform, fair taxes and other problems in the economy are shown in FREE MONEY. Discusses such topics as economic stimulus, balance of payments, balanced federal budget, balanced budget, bank failure, bank, bonds, CD, Concord Coalition, congress, cure recession, cure recession, cure stagflation, cure inflation, current account, cut interest, debt clock, debt, deficit solution, deficit, depression, depression solution, discount rate, discount rate, economics, economy, eliminate taxes, end taxes, end FICA, end FICA, fair tax, FDIC, federal deficit, federal deficit solution, federal government budget, federal reserve, federal tax, federal budget, federal debt, Federal Reserve, FICA, FREE MONEY, GDP, gold, gold standard, government budget, Gross Domestic Product, inflation solution, inflation, interest, interest rate, invest, Medicare cure, Medicare fix, Medicare reform, Medicare Solution, Medicare, money supply, money, mortgage, prevent stagflation, prevent depression, prevent inflation, prevent recession, prime rate, raise interest, recession, recession solution, reform social security, reform Medicare, regressive tax, Rodger Malcolm Mitchell, Rodger Mitchell, safe investments, safe investment, Social Security fix, Social Security cure, Social Security solution, Social Security, Social Security reform, stagflation, stimulate economy, stimulus, tax reform, tax, taxpayers, the Fed, Warren Mosler
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TheGemara.com - A Historical and Contextual Approach. A Historical and Contextual Approach
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CFC-Youth For Christ Capiz | A blog for YFC Capiz. A blog for YFC Capiz
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Home. The official website for the Congregation of the Sacred Hearts, United States of America (US) Province.
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CWoznicki Think Out Loud – Scattered Thoughts on Theology and Culture…. Scattered Thoughts on Theology and Culture...
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- The Worthy Adversary. Joelle Casteix is one of the nation's leading advocates and experts on the Catholic Clergy Sex Abuse Crisis in the United States and abroad.
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Nathaniel J. Harris – AUTHOR : ARTIST : SURVIVOR. AUTHOR : ARTIST : SURVIVOR
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The Catholic Community of St. Hubert | Worship sites at Sacred Heart, Bad Axe and St. Joseph, Rapson.
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NJ news from Bergen, Passaic | Bergen Record. Get the latest news, information, sports, food, entertainment, real estate, video and opinion in Bergen, Passaic, Morris and Essex counties in NJ.
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Pastor Jim Driskell | If you want to change the world, pick up your pen and write. – Dr Martin Luther. If you want to change the world, pick up your pen and write. - Dr Martin Luther
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History of India, History of Ancient India, Medieval History of India, Modern History of India, History Notes
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Home. Religious Sermons and MP3. Traditional Movement and changes in the Catholic Church. Baptism of desire. Informative information. My Petition for Spiritual Help. CMRI, Bishop Francis K. Schuckardt, Bishop Louis Vezelis, Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Archbishop Thuc, Bishop Pivarunas, Rev Anthony Cekada, encyclical, Pope Pius XII, Pope Pius XI, Pope Saint Pius X, Pope Saint Pius V, Benedict, John Paul II, Paul VI, catechism, prayer, Sacred Heart of Jesus, blessed Virgin Mary, apologetics, Father Denis Philomena Marie, geocentric.
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Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church and St. Anne''s in the Mountains Catholic Church. Our Lady of the Lake Catholic Church in Lake Arrowhead and St. Anne''s in the Mountains Catholic Church and Retreat Center in Running Springs offer visitors Masses and a Religious Retreat Center
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SCJ HOME PAGE
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Welcome to Saint Mary''s Church, Harborne, Birmingham, England, UK.. Welcome to Saint Mary''s Church, Harborne, Birmingham, England, UK.
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TreasureNet. Browse thousands of messages related to treasure hunting, archaeology, history, metal detecting, relic hunting, caches, sunken treasures, shipwrecks, buried treasures, gold prospecting and more! Participate in our online treasure hunt!
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JCAM - Jesuit Conference Of Africa and Madagascar. A religious order under the catholic church spreading the Gospel of Jesus Christ through pastoral service, education, spiritual guidance and other ministries like HIV/AIDS, Refugees, Social Justice, Justice and Ecology
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home - St. Louis Photographer - Jerry Naunheim Photography. Jerry Naunheim Jr. is a St. Louis-based photographer specializing in on-site commercial, portrait, food, fashion, news, theatrical and wedding photography.
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TASTE Program. A PROGRAM DESIGNED FOR THE CATHOLIC WANTING TO KNOW MORE ABOUT THEIR FAITH AND THEIR CHURCH.
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Book a Pandit for Pooja & Havan | Purohits to Perform Homam | Harivara.com. Harivara® is India's Largest Online Pooja Booking Portal. Call us on 9080005005 & Book a Pandit for Pooja in Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune, Mumbai & Delhi
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Presentation Ministries: Helping Catholics Grow in Christ. Presentation Ministries helps Catholics grow in Christ
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Lachish Letters | Exploring Scripture. The play on words that is found in the scriptures pertaining to desolation and abomination.
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Oyotunji - Get To Know Us. Americas First Traditional African Village. Bring your family or students for the experience of a lifetime.
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Amala Matrimony - Kerala Christian Matrimonial Service run by CMI Fathers. Christian matrimony service run by CMI Fathers,Kozhikode. Contains 1000s of bride and groom profiles of various christian communities from both North Kerala(Malabar Malayalees) and South Kerala. It includes matrimony profiles of catholics,AngloIndians,Chaldean Christians,Knanaya Catholics,CSI Christians,Jacobites,Latin Catholics,Marthomites,Orthodox Christians,Roman Syrian Catholics,Syro Malankara Catholics and other Christian communities. All FREE registrations are verified, supervised and managed for fault free match making.
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Archidiecezja Wrocławska. Oficjalna witryna Archidiecezji Wrocławskiej
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